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Provenance

Possibly Abbé Thuelin, Paris. possibly James de Rothschild [1792-1868], Châtea de Boulogne, Paris. possibly Lamorélie, Brittany. possibly Baron de Fourment, Château de Cercamp, near Frévent; possibly (his estate sale, Château de Cercamp, 21-28 April 1892, no. 50, as Bon Portrait de Femme by Largillierre). (Wildenstein & Co., Paris, New York, and London), by 1929; sold December 1944 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;[1] gift 1946 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1929
French XVIIIth Century Painting, Wildenstein & Co., New York, 1929, no. 14.
1939
The Sources of Modern Painting, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (organized by The Institute of Modern Art, Boston); Wildenstein & Co., New York, 1939, no. 6, repro. (shown only in New York), as by Watteau.
1946
Recent Additions to the Kress Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1946, no. 789.
Bibliography
1945
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1945 (reprinted 1947, 1949): 159, repro., as Watteau, "Sylvia" (Jeanne-Rose Guyonne Benozzi)
1946
Frankfurter, Alfred M. Supplement to the Kress Collection in the National Gallery. New York, 1946: 62, repro. as Jeanne-Rose-Guyonne Benozzi by Watteau
1948
Wildenstein and Company. French XVIII Century Paintings. New York, 1948: 4
1959
Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 349, repro., as Watteau, "Sylvia" (Jeanne-Rose Guyonne Benozzi)
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 139, as Watteau, "Sylvia" (Jeanne-Rose Guyonne Benozzi)
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 126, repro., as Watteau, "Sylvia" (Jeanne-Rose Guyonne Benozzi)
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 374, repro., as Watteau, "Sylvia" (Jeanne-Rose-Guyonne Benozzi)
1977
Eisler, Colin. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: European Schools Excluding Italian. Oxford, 1977: 296-297, fig. 264, as Portrait of a Lady ['Sylvia'].
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 330, no. 437, as "Sylvia" (Jeanne-Rose-Guyonne Benozzi) by Antoine Watteau.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 435, repro., as Watteau, "Sylvia" (Jeanne-Rose-Guyonne Benozzi)
2009
Conisbee, Philip, et al. French Paintings of the Fifteenth through the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 2009: no. 49, 229-231, color repro.