Overview

No overview available.

Inscription

lower right: Winslow Homer 1892

Marks and Labels

null

Provenance

Consigned by the artist 1900-1902 to (M. Knoedler & Co., New York). Louis Ettlinger [1845-1927], New York, by 1908;[1] by inheritance to his daughters, Flora Ettlinger Whiting [Mrs. Giles Whiting, 1880-1971], New York, and Josephine Ettlinger McFadden [Mrs. William A. McFadden, d. 1932], New York; Mrs. Giles Whiting, New York, and her nephew, Louis E. McFadden, Peekskill, New York; (Wildenstein & Co., New York); sold 20 March 1946 to Stephen C. Clark [1882-1960], New York; gift 1947 to NGA.

Exhibition History

1892
Exhibition of Old Master and Modern Paintings...Loan Collection, The Union League Club, New York, 1892, as In the Adirondacks.
1893
World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1892, no. 574 (in the Official Catalogue) and no. 1118 (in the Revised Catalogue).
1900
Fifth Annual Exhibition, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, 1900-1901, no. 120.
1902
Sixty-fifth Exhibition, Oil Paintings and Sculpture, Boston Art Club, 1902, no. 27, as Hunter and Dog--Northwoods.
1908
Catalogue of a Summer Loan Exhibition of Oil Paintings, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, 1908, no. 44.
1908
Eighty-Third Annual Exhibition, National Academy of Design, New York, 1908, no. 89.
1908
Twelfth Annual Exhibition, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, 1908, no. 139.
1911
Loan Exhibition of Paintings by Winslow Homer, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1911, 15-16, 52, no. 12.
1939
Life in America [A Special Loan Exhibition of Paintings Held During the Period of the New York World's Fair], The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1939, no. 230, repro.
1946
Exhibition of Paintings from the Stephen C. Clark Collection, The Century Association, New York, 1946, no cat.
1947
A Loan Exhibition of Winslow Homer, Wildenstein & Company, New York, 1947, 34, no. 29.
1958
Winslow Homer: A Retrospective Exhibition, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1958-1959, 120, no. 60.
1959
A Retrospective Exhibition: Winslow Homer, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1959, 97, no. 56.
1963
Winslow Homer in New York State, Storm King Art Center, Mountainville, New York, 1963, 10, 28, no. 12.
1967
The Triumph of Realism: An Exhibition of European and American Realist Paintings, 1850-1910, The Brooklyn Museum; Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond; California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, 1967-1968, 79, no. 78.
1980
La Pintura de Los Estados Unidos de Museos de la Ciudad de Washington, Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, 1980-1981, no. 25, color repro.
1987
New Horizons: American Painting, 1840-1910, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow; State Russian Museum, Leningrad; State Art Museum of Belorussia, Minsk; State Museum of Russian Art, Kiev, 1987-1988, 128, 142, no. 59 (organized by SITES).
1995
Winslow Homer, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1995-1996, no. 179, repro.
2004
Winslow Homer: Masterworks from the Adirondacks, Fenimore Art Museum, New York State Historical Association, Cooperstown, 2004, fig. 14.
2005
Winslow Homer in the National Gallery of Art, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 2005-2006, unnumbered brochure.
2006
The Clark Brothers Collect: Impressionist and Early Modern Paintings, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2006-2007, no. 187, fig. 131.

Bibliography

1892
"Pictures at the Union League Club." New York Evening Sun (December 1892).
1892
"Pictures Lent to the Union League Club." New York Times (9 December 1892).
1893
"American Paintings: The Exhibit[ion?] of Mr. Winslow Homer." Art Amateur 28 (March 1893): 116.
1893
"Minor Exhibitions." Art Amateur 28 (January 1893): 45.
1893
"Pictures at the Union League Club." New York Tribune (15 December 1893).
1900
"The Pittsburgh Art Exhibition." Brush and Pencil 7 (December 1900): 143, repro. 145.
1907
Knaufft, Ernest. "American Painting To-Day." American Review of Reviews 36 (December 1907): repro. 689.
1907
McSpadden, J. Walker. Famous Painters of America. New York, 1907: 186-187, repro. opp. 186, as The Hunter.
1908
Shaw, Albert, ed. "Winslow Homer's Rank in American Painting." American Review of Reviews 38 (July 1908): repro. 103.
1911
Downes, William Howe. The Life and Works of Winslow Homer. Boston and New York, 1911: 163-165, 258, 286.
1911
Hoeber, Arthur. "Winslow Homer: A Painter of the Sea." World's Work 21 (February 1911): repro. 14,013.
1914
Cox, Kenyon. Winslow Homer New York, 1914: repro. between 38-39.
1923
Pousette-Dart, Nathaniel. Winslow Homer. In Distinguished American Artists. New York, 1923: 56th repro.
1927
Mather, Frank Jewett, Jr. The American Spirit in Art. Vol. 12 of The Pageant of America. New Haven, 1927: no. 127, repro. 84.
1932
Bolton, Theodore. "The Art of Winslow Homer: An Estimate." Fine Arts 18 (February 1932): 54.
1933
Burroughs, Bryson. "An Anecdote." Bulletin of The Metropolitan Museum of Art 28 (March 1933): 64.
1944
Goodrich, Lloyd. Winslow Homer. New York, 1944: 123-124, 170-171.
1947
Gibbs, Josephine. "Honoring Homer." Art Digest 21 (1 March 1947): 33.
1948
"A New Winslow Homer in the National Gallery." The Art Quarterly 11 (Spring 1948): 175-176.
1948
_Museum News 25 (January 1948): 2.
1948
Walker, John. "American Masters in the National Gallery of Art." National Geographic Magazine 94 (September 1948): 323, color repro. 149.
1958
Porter, Fairfield. "Homer, American vs. Artist: A Problem in Identities." Art News 57 (December 1958): color repro. 27.
1959
_Winslow Homer in the Adirondacks. Exh. cat. Adirondack Museum. Blue Mountain Lake, New York, 1959: 25, no. 50, repro. 149.
1961
Gardner, Albert Ten Eyck. Winslow Homer, American Artist: His World and His Work. New York, 1961: 205.
1962
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Treasures from the National Gallery of Art, New York, 1962: 148, color repro.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 328, repro.
1964
Goodrich, Lloyd. "Winslow Homer in New York State." Art in America 52 (April 1964): 87.
1966
Beam, Philip C. Winslow Homer at Prout's Neck. Boston, 1966: 107, 133.
1966
Flexner, James Thomas. The World of Winslow Homer, 1836-1910. New York, 1966: 162.
1966
Tatham, David. "Winslow Homer in the Mountains." Appalachia 36 (15 June 1966): 87, repro.
1970
_American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 68, repro.
1973
Hyman, Linda. Winslow Homer: America's Old Master. New York, 1973: 77-78, repro. 76.
1973
Williams, Hermann Warner. Mirror to the American Past: A Survery of American Genre Painting, 1750-1900. Greenwich, Connecticut, 1973: 191.
1975
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: 559, no. 846, color repro.
1978
King, Marian. Adventures in Art: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1978: 103, pl. 66.
1979
Hendricks, Gordon. The Life and Work of Winslow Homer. New York, 1979: 205-206, 210-211, 214, 243, 268, 276, 283, color repro. 205.
1980
_American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 177, repro.
1980
Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1980: 15
1980
Wilmerding, John. "Winslow Homer's Right and Left." Studies in the History of Art 9 (1980): 66-67, repro. 67.
1981
Williams 1981, 173, repro. 175.
1983
Brown, Milton W. One Hundred Masterpieces of American Paintings from Public Collections in Washington, D.C.. Washington, 1983: 94, color repro. 95.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 557, no. 843, color repro.
1986
Cooper, Helen A. Winslow Homer Watercolors. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven. Washington, 1986: 14, 183, 153, color repro. 185.
1986
Judge, Mary A. Winslow Homer. New York, 1986: 65.
1988
Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. Rev. ed. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1988: 31, repro.
1990
Carren, Rachel Ann. "From Reality to Symbol: Images of Children in the Art of Winslow Homer." 2 vols. Ph.D. diss., University of Maryland, 1990: 1:xii, 221-224, 230, repro. 97.
1990
Cikovsky, Nicolai, Jr. "Homer around 1900." In Winslow Homer: A Symposium. Edited by Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr. In Studies in the History of Art 26 (1990): 143-144, 154, repro. 143.
1990
Cikovsky, Nicolai, Jr. Winslow Homer. New York, 1990: 6, 101, 104, 105, 108, 132, 137, 140, repro. 108.
1990
Robertson, Bruce. Reckoning with Winslow Homer: His Late Works and Their Influence. Cleveland, 1990: 21, 71, 78.
1990
Tatham, David. "Trapper, Hunter, and Woodsman: Winslow Homer's Adirondack Figures." The American Art Journal 22, no. 4 (1990): 62-64, 67, repro. 63.
1991
Chadbourne, Janice H., Karl Gabosh, and Charles O. Vogel, comps. and eds. The Boston Art Club: Exhibition Record 1878-1909. Madison, Conn., 1991: 218.
1991
Cikovsky, Nicolai, Jr. Winslow Homer Watercolors. New York, 1991: 12, repro. 11.
1991
Wilmerding, John. American Views: Essays on American Art. Princeton, 1991: 39, 44, 229, repro. 231.
1992
_American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 205, repro.
1995
_Winslow Homer. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1995-1996: no. 179.
1996
Kelly, Franklin, with Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., Deborah Chotner, and John Davis. American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part I. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1996: 322-327, color repro.
1998
Gibson, Sarah S. "Hunting/Hunter/Huntress." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art, edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 1:421, 423.

Technical Summary

Probably in the 1920s or 1930s the original fabric support was removed and replaced, at which time the painting was reportedly transferred to an additional white ground and several fabric layers. During relining in 1976 two outer fabric layers were removed, leaving only a single fabric support, to which two new lining fabrics were attached. The original ground layer is white, upon which multiple layers of opaque and glazed paint were applied with visible brushwork but no impasto. The painting was transferred in the 1920s or 1930s because of the shrinkage of the fabric; what caused the shrinkage is not clear. In 1976 the upper varnish layers were thinned prior to inpainting. The thick varnish has yellowed, giving the painting a murky appearance.

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