Presumably the sitter, Henri II de Lorraine [1614-1664, became 5th duc de Guise in 1640], Paris. François Roger de Gaignières [1642-1715], by 1711; (his estate sale, Paris, 29 July - 6 August 1717, no. 22 [505 livres]).[1] Probably Sir Edward Grey, Viscount Grey of Fallodon [1862-1933]; by inheritance to the Misses Bright, Stocks.[2] Arthur Kay [c. 1862-1939], Esq., Glasgow, by 1893.[3] (H.O. Miethke, Vienna); Jacob Herzog, Vienna, by 1895 until at least 1899;[4](William Schaus, New York);[5] purchased 1900/1901 by William Collins Whitney [1841-1904], New York;[6] by inheritance to his son, Harry Payne Whitney [1872-1930], New York; by inheritance to his widow, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney [1875-1942], New York; by inheritance to their son, Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney [1899-1992], New York; gift 1947 to NGA.

Exhibition History
Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters. Winter Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1893, no. 130, as Portrait of William Villiers, Viscount Grandison.
Van Dyck Tentoonstelling ter gelegenheid der 300e verjaring der beboorte van den Meester, Museum van Schoone Kunsten, Antwerp, 1899, no. 82.
Eighth Loan Exhibition of Old Masters. Paintings by Anthony van Dyck, Detroit Institute of Arts, 1929, no. 40, repro., as William Villiers--Viscount Grandison.
Masterpieces of Art. European Paintings and Sculpture from 1300-1800, New York World's Fair, 1939, no. 107, repro., as William Villiers, Viscount Grandison.
Loan to display with permanent collection, The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, California, 2002-2003.
Kelly, Francis M. "A Van Dyck from the Cabinet de Gaignières in the Whitney Collection, New York." Apollo 22 (August 1935): 91-94.
"Old Masters in America: Important Gifts to the National Gallery, Washington" The Illustrated London News (September 16, 1950): 449, repro.
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Treasures from the National Gallery of Art, New York, 1962: 84, color repro.
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 311, repro.
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 47.
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:278, color repro.
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 122, repro.
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 264, no. 340, color repro.
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 147, repro.
Barnes, Susan J. Van Dyck: A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings. New Haven, 2004: III.101
Wheelock, Arthur K., Jr. Flemish Paintings of the Seventeenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 2005: 90-95, color repro.