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Inscription

by unknown hand, on reverse, hidden by lining: Painted by / Jacob Eichholtz / 1835

Provenance

The sitter [c. 1803-1888], Philadelphia;[1] (his estate sale, Stan V. Henckels, Philadelphia, 14 December 1920, no. 91); Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York; his estate; sold as part of the Clarke collection 29 January 1936, through (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1947 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1921
Exhibition of Paintings by Early American Portrait Painters, The Union League Club, New York, December 1921, no. 9.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928-1931, unnumbered and unpaginated catalogue.
1948
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1948.
1950
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1950.
1951
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1951.
1953
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1953.
1955
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1955.
1956
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1956.
1959
Jacob Eichholtz, Historical Society of York County, York, Pennsylvania, 1959, no. 37, repro. no. 8 (organized by Pennsylvania State Museum, Harrisburg).
1973
Loan for display with permanent collection, National Museum of American Art, Washington, D.C., 1973-1990.
1990
Tokens of Affection: The Portrait Miniature in America, The Met. Mus. of Art, New York; Natl. Mus. of Am. Art, Washington, D.C.; The Art Inst. of Chicago, 1990-1991, no cat. (mention p. 203 in American Portrait Miniatures in the Manney Coll.)
2003
The Worlds of Jacob Eichholtz, Portrait Painter of the Early Republic, shown at one of three simultaneous venues: Phillips Museum of Art, Franklin & Marshall College, Lancaster, 2003, unnumbered catalogue, repro.
Bibliography
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928, unnumbered.
1960
Milley, John Calvin. "Jacob Eichholtz, 1776-1842." Master's thesis, University of Delaware, 1960: 326, with incorrect provenance.
1969
Beal, Rebecca J. Jacob Eichholtz, 1776-1842. Philadelphia, 1969: 223-224, no. 779.
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 56, repro.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 155, repro.
1990
Johnson, Dale T. American Portrait Miniatures in the Manney Collection. Exh. cat. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1990: 203.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 174, repro.
1996
Kelly, Franklin, with Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., Deborah Chotner, and John Davis. American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part I. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1996: 218-220, color repro.
Technical Summary

The support is a plain-weave, medium-weight fabric. The painting has been lined, but cusping along all cut edges suggests that the image has not been reduced. There is a creamy white ground. X-radiography reveals a thick, dense layer of ground in a roughly oval shape, covering a large portion of the center. The paint layer is of medium thickness and applied evenly across the surface of the painting; however, the black paint of the sitter's coat overlaps that defining the hair and face. The thicker paint of the face is somewhat abraded. During treatment in 1959, discolored varnish was removed and the painting was lined and restored. The varnish has become moderately discolored.