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Inscription

lower right, in red: M. Brown.

Provenance

Possibly owned by the sitter's widow, Philadelphia Hannah Freame, Viscountess Cremorne [1740/1741-1826], London[1] and left to her principal heir, Granville Penn [1761-1844], Pennsylvania Castle, Isle of Portland, Dorset, England.[2] Bought with the contents of Pennsylvania Castle by J. Meyrick Head, 1887; sold in his sale (Christie, Manson and Woods, London, 10 July 1916, no. 159); purchased by "Martin";[3] (Robinson & Farr, Philadelphia, 1916); sold 12 February 1917 to Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York;[4] his estate; sold as part of the Clarke collection 29 January 1936, through (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1947 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1922
Portraits Painted in Europe by Early American Artists, The Union League Club, New York, January 1922, no. 13.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928-1931, unnumbered and unpaginated catalogue, as Thomas Dawson.
1949
Exhibition of Early American Portraits on Loan from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Pack Memorial Public Library, Asheville, North Carolina, 1949, no. 8, as Thomas Dawson.
1955
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1955.
1956
American Paintings from the Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1956.
Bibliography
1917
Hart, Charles Henry. "Portrait of Thomas Dawson, Viscount Cremorne, Painted by Mather Brown." Art in America 5, no. 6 (October 1917): 309-314.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928, unnumbered.
1952
Rutledge and Lane 1952, 62A.
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 18, repro.
1972
Evans, Dorinda. "Mather Brown (1761-1831): A Critical Study." Ph.D. dissertation, Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London, London, 1972: 78, 90-92, 100, 213, no. 43.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 30, repro.
1982
Evans, Dorinda. Mather Brown: Early American Artist in England. Middletown, Connecticut, 1982: 78-79, repro. 80, 203.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 35, repro.
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 17-20, color repro. 18.