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Inscription

lower left (original signature reinforced by later hand): R. Earle Pinxt 1800

Provenance

From the sitter to his daughter, Electa Earle Nye [Mrs. Luther Nye, 1778-1847], New Braintree, Massachusetts; her daughter, Melinda Earle Nye Chandler [Mrs. Marcus Chandler, d. 1887], Springfield, Massachusetts; her daughter, Harriet M. Chandler Schoepf, Springfield, Massachusetts; purchased by (Edward Francis Coffin, Worcester, Massachusetts); sold 1916 to the Worcester Art Museum;[1] by exchange 1921 to (Ehrich Galleries, New York); repurchased by (Edward Francis Coffin); sold 16 March 1923 to Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York;[2] his estate; sold as part of the Clarke collection 29 January 1936, through (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), to The A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1947 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1924
Exhibition of Portraits by Early American Portrait Painters, The Union League Club, New York, February 1924, no. 12.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928-1931, unnumbered and unpaginated catalogue, as Thomas Earl.
1972
Loan for display with permanent collection, Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, Athens, 1972-1974.
1991
Ralph Earl: The Face of the Young Republic, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C.; Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford; Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, 1991-1992, 232, no. 65.
Bibliography
1888
Earle, Pliny. The Earle Family: Ralph Earle and His Descendants. Worcester, Massachusetts, 1888: 57-58, repro. 56.
1917
"Landscape and Portrait by Ralph Earl." Bulletin of the Worcester Art Museum 7, no. 4 (January 1917): 7, 10, repro. 9.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928, unnumbered.
1936
"The Thomas Clarke American Portrait Collection Is Sold." Art News (February 1936): repro. 6.
1939
Historical Records Survey, American Portraits 1620-1825 Found in Massachusetts, 2 vols. Boston, 1939: 1:132.
1939
Sherman, Frederic Fairchild. "The Painting of Ralph Earl With a List of His Portraits." Art in America 27, no. 4 (October 1939): 163, 174; no. 1, 165, repro.
1967
Goodrich, Laurence B. Ralph Earl, Recorder for an Era. Albany, 1967: 42, fig. 16.
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 54, repro.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 151, repro.
1988
Kornhauser, Elizabeth Mankin. Ralph Earl: Artist-Entrepreneur. Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1988: 235-236, 243, n. 33, 286.
1991
Kornhauser, Elizabeth Mankin. Ralph Earl: The Face of the Young Republic. Exh. cat. National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C.; Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford; Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth. New Haven, London, and Hartford, 1991-1992: 232, no. 65.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 169, repro.
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 99-101, repro. 100.