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Inscription

originally falsely signed and dated, lower left, now removed: R. Earl Pinx / 1798

Provenance

(Rose M. de Forest [Mrs. Augustus de Forest], New York); purchased 15 January 1917 by Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York; (his sale, American Art Galleries, 7 January 1919, no. 20);[1] Charles A. Munn, New York; repurchased 1920 by Clarke; his estate; sold as part of the Clarke collection 29 January 1936, through (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), to The A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1947 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928-1931, unnumbered and unpaginated catalogue, as Samuel Stanhope Smith by Ralph Earl.
1968
Loan for display with the permanent collection, Boyhood Home of Robert E. Lee, Alexandria, Virginia, 1968-1986.
Bibliography
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928, unnumbered, as Samuel Stanhope Smith by Ralph Earl.
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 144, repro.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 289, repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 419, repro.
1998
Torchia, Robert Wilson, with Deborah Chotner and Ellen G. Miles. American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part II. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1998: 272-275, color repro.