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Provenance

(The Art Shop, Boston);[1] sold 16 June 1924 to Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York; his estate; sold as part of the Clarke collection 29 January 1936, through (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1947 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1926
A Loan Exhibition of Paintings by Early American Portrait Painters, Century Association, New York, 1926, no. 17.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928-1931, unnumbered and unpaginated catalogue.
1968
Loan for display with the permanent collection, Boyhood Home of Robert E. Lee, Alexandria, Virginia, 1968-1986.
Bibliography
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928, unnumbered.
1952
Rutledge and Lane 1952, 120.
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 60, repro.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 162, repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 185, repro.
1996
Kelly, Franklin, with Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., Deborah Chotner, and John Davis. American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part I. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1996: 233-235, repro.
Technical Summary

The coarse, medium-weight, plain-weave fabric is unlined, and the four-member, butt-end and lap-joined stretcher is original to the painting. A freely brushed, whitish ground lies beneath paint layers of various thicknesses. The brushwork, while broad in the coat, tightens somewhat in the area of the face. There are minor paint losses throughout, and they (as well as the craquelure in the face) have been inpainted. The olive-colored background is somewhat abraded. The varnish has discolored.