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Provenance

The sitter's daughter, Charlotte Dexter [1812-1878], Montgomery, Alabama; her brother, Andrew Alfred Dexter [1809-1853], Montgomery, Alabama, or his widow, Sarah Williams Dexter [1815-1890], Palestine, Texas; their granddaughter, Charlotte Morton Campbell Longino Howell [b. 1875], New Orleans, and Galveston, Texas; sold 1920 to (M. Knoedler & Co., New York);[1] sold 31 May 1921 to Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York;[2] his estate; sold as part of the Clarke collection on 29 January 1936, through (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), to The A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1947 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1922
Portraits Painted in the United States by Early American Artists, The Union League Club, New York, February 1922, no. 20.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928-1931, unnumbered and unpaginated catalogue, as Mrs. Andrew Dexter by Gilbert Stuart.
Bibliography
1879
Mason, George C. The Life and Works of Gilbert Stuart. New York, 1879: 174.
1880
MFA 1880, 37, no. 198
1926
Bowen, Clarence. The History of Woodstock, Connecticut. 2 vols. Norwood, MA:1:189, 191, repro.
1926
Park 1926, 286, no. 244
1928
Barker, Virgil. "Portraiture in America Before 1876." The Arts 13, no. 5 (May 1928): 276-277.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928, unnumbered.
1938
Swan, Mabel M. "Paging Gilbert Stuart in Boston." Antiques 34 (December 1938): 308-309.
1964
Mount 1964, 275-277, 367
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 108, repro., as Mrs. Andrew Dexter (?) by Gilbert Stuart (?) and Unknown Artist.
1970
Whitehill, Walter Muir. "Perez Morton's Daughter Revisits Boston in 1825." Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society 82 (1970): 21-47.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 239, repro., as Mrs. Andrew Dexter (?) by Gilbert Stuart (?) and Unknown Artist.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 358, repro., as Mrs. Andrew Dexter (?) by Gilbert Stuart (?) and Unknown Artist
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 279-280, repro. 281.