Overview

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Marks and Labels

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Provenance

Said to have come from a church or convent in Calahorra (province of La Rioja, Spain). Gabriel Dereppes, Madrid;[1] purchased 11 September 1919 by (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London, New York, and Paris);[2] Carl W. Hamilton [1886-1967], New York, early 1920s;[3] (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London, New York, and Paris);[4] sold 15 December 1936 to The Andrew W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh;[5] gift 1937 to NGA.

Exhibition History

1997
The Glory of Byzantium: Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era A.D. 843-1261, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1997, no. 262, repro.
2000
The Mother of God: Representations of the Virgin in Byzantine Art, Benaki Museum, Athens, 2000-2001, no. 68, repro.
2004
Byzantium: Faith and Power (1261-1557), The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2004, no. 286, repro.

Bibliography

1921
Berenson, Bernard. "Due dipinti del decimosecondo secolo venuti da Costantinopoli." Dedalo 2 (1921): 285-286, 287 (repro.), 289, 290 (repro.), 291 (repro.), 292-304.
1921
Marle, Raimond van. La peinture Romaine au Moyen-Age. Strasbourg, 1921: 227-228, fig. 115.
1923
Marle, Raimond van. The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting. 19 vols. The Hague, 1923-1938: 1(1923):503-505, fig. 292.
1924
Mayer, August L. "Correspondence." Art in America 12 (1924): 234-235.
1927
Toesca, Pietro. Il Medioevo. 2 vols. Storia dell’arte italiana, 1. Turin, 1927: 2:1035 n. 39.
1928
Cecchi, Emilio. Trecentisti senesi. Rome, 1928: 12, 125, pl. 1.
1930
Berenson, Bernard. Studies in Medieval Painting. New Haven, 1930: 4-16, figs. 2-4.
1930
Byron, Robert, and David Talbot Rice. The Birth of Western Painting. London, 1930: 101 n. 1.
1930
Schweinfurth, Philipp. Geschichte der russischen Malerei im Mittelalter. The Hague, 1930: 377-379.
1931
Fry, Roger. "Mr Berenson on Medieval Painting." The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 58, no. 338 (1931): 245.
1932
Marle, Raimond van. Le scuole della pittura italiana. 2 vols. The Hague and Florence, 1932-1934: 1(1932):519, 522-523, 521 fig. 346.
1933
Lazarev, Viktor Nikitič. "Early Italo-Byzantine Painting in Sicily." The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 63 (1933): 283-284, pl. 2a.
1934
Vavalà, Evelyn Sandberg. L’iconografia della Madonna col Bambino nella pittura italiana del Dugento. Siena, 1934: 43 no. 115, pl. 26b.
1935
D’Ancona, Paolo. Les primitifs italiens du XIe au XIIIe siècle. Paris, 1935: 46-47, fig. 18.
1936
Comstock, Helen. "A Dugento Panel at the Toledo Museum." Connoisseur 98 (1936): 231.
1936
Lazarev, Viktor Nikitič. "New Light on the Problem of the Pisan School." The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 68 (1936): 61-62.
1937
Lazarev, Viktor Nikitič. Istorija vizantijskoj živopisi: v druch tomach. Moscow, 1947-1948: 192, 351 n. 116.
1940
Rice, David Talbot. "Italian and Byzantine Painting in the Thirteenth Century." Apollo 31 (1940): 89-90, fig. 2.
1941
Duveen Brothers. Duveen Pictures in Public Collections in America. New York, 1941: no. 1, repro., as The Madonna and Child Enthroned by Constantinople School.
1941
National Gallery of Art. Book of Illustrations. Washington, DC, 1941: 76 (repro.), 233.
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 31, no. 1, as Enthroned Madonna and Child.
1941
Richter, George Martin. "The New National Gallery in Washington." The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 78 (June 1941): 177, pl. 2a.
1942
National Gallery of Art. Book of Illustrations. 2nd ed. Washington, 1942: no. 1, repro. 78, 239, as Enthroned Madonna and Child.
1944
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 14, color repro., as Enthroned Madonna and Child.
1949
Demus, Otto. The Mosaics of Norman Sicily. London, 1949: 363, 365 n. 27.
1949
Garrison, Edward B. Italian Romanesque Panel Painting: An Illustrated Index. Florence, 1949: repro. 48.
1949
Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 3, repro., as Enthroned Madonna and Child.
1950
Comstock, Helen. "The Connoisseur in America." Connoisseur 126, no. 517 (1950): 52.
1954
Bettini, Sergio. "I mosaici dell’atrio di San Marco e il loro seguito." Arte veneta 8 (1954): 32, n. 6.
1954
Shorr, Dorothy C. The Christ Child in Devotional Images in Italy During the XIV Century. New York, 1954: 21, repro. 25.
1956
Felicetti-Liebenfels, Walter. Geschichte der byzantinischen Ikonenmalerei. Olten, 1956: 61, pl. 65.
1958
Demus, Otto. "Die Entstehung des Paläologenstils in der Malerei." In Berichte zum XI Internationalen Byzantinisten-Kongress. Munich, 1958: 16, 54-55.
1958
Demus, Otto. "Zwei Konstantinopler Marienikonen des 13. Jahrhunderts." Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinischen Gesellschaft 7 (1958): 87-104, fig. 2.
1959
Lazarev, Viktor Nikitič. "Constantinopoli e le scuole nazionali alla luce di nuove scoperte." Arte veneta 13-14 (1959-1960): 11-13, fig. 3.
1959
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Early Italian Painting in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1959 (Booklet Number Three in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.): 12, color repro., as Enthroned Madonna and Child.
1960
The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 6, as Madonna and Child Enthroned.
1961
Swoboda, Karl Maria. "In den Jahren 1950 bis 1961 erschienene Werke zur byzantinischen und weiteren ostchristlichen Kunst." Kunstgeschichtliche Anzeigen 5 (1961-1962): 148.
1962
Bologna, Ferdinando. La pittura italiana delle origini. Rome, 1962: 80-81.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 297, repro., as Madonna and Child Enthroned.
1964
Pallucchini, Rodolfo, ed. La pittura veneziana del Trecento. Venice, 1964: 71-73.
1965
Calì, Maria. "L’arte in Puglia." Arte antica e moderna 15 (1965): 389.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 21, as Enthroned Madonna and Child.
1966
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 1:2-3, color repro.
1966
Stubblebine, James H. "Two Byzantine Madonnas from Calahorra, Spain." The Art Bulletin 48 (1966): 379-381, fig. 2.
1967
Lazarev, Viktor Nikitič. Storia della pittura bizantina. Turin, 1967: 318-319, 347 n. 177.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 14, repro., as Enthroned Madonna and Child.
1968
Rice, David Talbot. Byzantine Painting: The Last Phase. London, 1968: 55.
1969
Bologna, Ferdinando. I pittori alla corte angioina di Napoli, 1266-1414, e un riesame dell’arte nell’età fridericiana. Rome, 1969: 22, 247, 354.
1969
D’Elia, Pina, and Michele D’Elia, eds. Icone di Puglia. Catalogo della Mostra. Exh. cat. Pinacoteca provinciale. Bari, 1969: no. 33.
1970
Beckwith, John. Early Christian and Byzantine Art. The Pelican History of Art. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, 1970: 140, pl. 262.
1970
Demus, Otto. Byzantine Art and the West. New York, 1970: 216-218, 251 n. 147, figs. 238, 239.
1971
Hutter, Irmgard. Early Christian and Byzantine Art. New York, 1971: 156.
1972
Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 230, 311, 647.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 50, repro., as Enthroned Madonna and Child.
1976
Stoichita, Victor Ieronim. Ucenicia lui Duccio di Buoninsegna. Bucharest, 1976: 30-34, 149-150, fig. 21.
1977
Janson, Horst Waldemar. History of Art. 2nd ed. New York, 1977: 214, fig. 303.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. Washington, 1979: 1:96-99; 2:pl. 65.
1982
Belting, Hans. "Introduzione." In Il medio oriente e l’occidente nell’arte del XIII secolo, Atti del XXIV congresso internazionale di storia dell’arte, September 10-18, 1979. Edited by Hans Belting. Bologna, 1982: 4-5, 9 n. 19, pl. 10.
1982
Belting, Hans. "The 'Byzantine' Madonnas: New Facts about Their Italian Origin and Some Observations on Duccio." Studies in the History of Art 12 (1982): 8ff, repro.
1982
Hoenigswald, Ann. "The 'Byzantine' Madonnas: Technical Investigation." Studies in the History of Art 12 (1982): 25-31, figs. 1 (ultraviolet light), 2 (X-radiograph), repro.
1982
Tambini, Anna. Pittura dall’Alto Medioevo al Tardogotico nel territorio di Faenza e Forlì. Faenza, 1982: 32-33.
1984
Os, Hendrik W. van. Sienese Altarpieces 1215-1460. Form, Content, Function. 2 vols. Groningen, 1984-1990: 1(1984):23, 26, fig. 21.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 67, no. 2, color repro.
1985
Corrie, Rebecca W. "Tuscan Madonnas and Byzantine Masters." In Abstracts and Program Statements for Art History Sessions: Seventy-Third Annual Meeting, College Art Association of America, February 14-16, 1985. Los Angeles, 1985: 46.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 22, repro.
1986
Leone De Castris, Pierluigi. "Pittura del Duecento e del Trecento a Napoli e nel Meridione." In La Pittura in Italia. Il Duecento e il Trecento. Edited by Enrico Castelnuovo. 2 vols. Milan, 1986: 2:463, fig. 717.
1987
Folda, Jaroslav. "The Kahn and Mellon Madonnas: Icons or Altarpieces?" In Research Reports and Record of Activities, National Gallery of Art, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, 7 (1987): 57+.
1991
Campagna Cicala, Francesca. "Messina. Scultura, pittura, miniatura e arti suntuarie." In Enciclopedia dell’arte medievale. Edited by Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana. 12 vols. Rome, 1991-2002: 8(1997):353.
1991
Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 157, color repro.
1993
Di Dario Guida, Maria Pia. Icone di Calabria e altre icone meridionali. 2nd ed. Messina, 1993: 115-116 (repros.), 119, 121.
1995
Folda, Jaroslav. "The Kahn and Mellon Madonnas: Icon or Altarpiece?" In Byzantine East, Latin West. Art-Historical Studies in Honor of Kurt Weitzmann. Princeton, 1995: 501+, repro.
1995
Gombrich, Ernst. The Story of Art. 16th ed. London, 1995: 139, color fig. 88.
1995
Janson, Horst W., and Anthony F. Janson. History of art. 5th ed. New York, 1995: 241-242, fig. 345.
1995
Weyl Carr, Annemarie. "Byzantines and Italians on Cyprus: Images of Art." Dumbarton Oaks Papers 49 (1995): 352 n. 71.
1996
Corrie, Rebecca W. "The Perugia Triptych and the Transmission of Byzantine Maniera Greca." In Acts: XVIIIth International Congress of Byzantine Studies, vol. 3, Art History, Architecture, Music. Edited by Ihor Ševčenko, Gennady G. Litavrin and Walter K. Hanak. Moscow, 1996: 41, fig. 4.
1996
Gordon, Dillian. “Duccio (di Buoninsegna).” In The Dictionary of Art. Edited by Jane Turner. 34 vols. New York and London, 1996: 9:341.
1996
Schmidt, Victor M. "Die Funktionen der Tafelbilder mit der thronenden Madonna in der Malerei des Duecento." Mededelingen van het Nederlands Instituut te Rome 55 (1996): 60-63, fig. 16.
1997
Evans, Helen C., and William D. Wixom, eds. The Glory of Byzantium: Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era, A.D. 843-1261. Exh. cat. Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1997: 391, 396 (repro.), 397.
1997
Gebhardt, Volker. Kunstgeschichte Malerei, 1997, no. 5, repro.
1997
Maginnis, Hayden B. J. Painting in the Age of Giotto: A Historical Reevaluation. University Park, PA, 1997: 77.
1998
Bellosi, Luciano. Cimabue. Edited by Giovanna Ragionieri. 1st ed. Milan, 1998: 58-59, 62 n. 19, 63 n. 22.
1998
Wheeler, Marion, ed. His Face--Images of Christ in Art: Selections from the King James Version of the Bible. New York, 1998: 126, no. 23, color repro.
1999
Lauria, Antonietta. "Una Madonna tardoduecentesca tra Roma e Assisi." in Arte d’Occidente: temi e metodi. Studi in onore di Angiola Maria Romanini. Edited by Antonio Cadei. 3 vols. Rome, 1999: 2:642.
1999
Polzer, Joseph. "Some Byzantine and Byzantinising Madonnas Painted During the Later Middle Ages, 1." Arte cristiana 87 (1999): 85.
1999
Polzer, Joseph. "Some Byzantine and Byzantinising Madonnas Painted During the Later Middle Ages, 2." Arte cristiana 87 (1999): 167-182, fig. 12.
1999
Velmans, Tania, Vojislav Korać, and Marica Šuput. Bisanzio: lo splendore dell’arte monumentale. Milan, 1999: 202.
2000
Kirsh, Andrea, and Levenson, Rustin S. Seeing Through Paintings: Physical Examination in Art Historical Studies. New Haven, 2000: 179-181, fig. 187, 189.
2000
Labriola, Ada. "Lo stato degli studi su Cimabue e un libro recente." Arte cristiana 88 (2000): 343, 350 nn. 18-19.
2000
Vassilaki, Maria, ed. The Mother of God: Representations of the Virgin in Byzantine Art. Exh. cat. Benaki Museum, Athens. Milan and London, 2000: 438-439, 439 repro.
2001
Folda, Jaroslav. "Reflections on the Mellon Madonna as a Work of Crusader Art." In Dei gesta per Francos: Études sur les croisades dédiées à Jean Richard/Crusade Studies in Honour of Jean Richard. Edited by Michel Balad, Benjamin Kedar and Jonathan Riley-Smith. Aldershot, UK and Burlington, VT, 2001: 361-371.
2002
Folda, Jaroslav. "Icon to Altarpiece in the Frankish East: Images of the Virgin and Child Enthroned." In Italian Panel Painting of the Duecento and Trecento. Edited by Victor M. Schmidt. Studies in the History of Art 61 (2002): repro. 122, 131-135, 139, fig. 8.
2002
Polzer, Joseph. "The ‘Byzantine’ Kahn and Mellon Madonnas: Concerning their Chronology, Place of Origin, and Method of Analysis." Arte cristiana 90 (2002): 401-410, repro. 403.
2004
Evans, Helen C., ed. Byzantium: Faith and Power (1261-1557). Exh. cat. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. New Haven, 2004: 476-477, repro.
2005
Corrie, Rebecca W. "The Khan and Mellon Madonnas and their Place in the History of the Virgin and Child Enthroned." In Images of the Mother of God: Perceptions of the Theotokos in Byzantium. Edited by Maria Vassilaki. Aldershot, UK and Burlington, VT, 2005: 293-300, fig. 24.2.
2005
Folda, Jaroslav. Crusader Art in the Holy Land: From the Third Crusade to the Fall of Acre, 1187-1291. New York, 2005: 457-458, 557, fig. 300.

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