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Inscription

all on backing board: center, in black ink on Collection of Alfred Stieglitz label: Alfred Stieglitz / Carbon Icy Night - New York / Original 4x5. Made in Winter 1896-1897. One of / the first night photographs made. Only one other / print existing.; upper right typed on Museum of Modern Art sticker: 40.5023 / Stieglitz; center right typed on Philadelphia Museum of Art label: Alfred Stieglitz / Icy Night, New York. Framed gravure [crossed out; carbon added in graphite] / Alfred Stieglitz / 509 Madison Ave., N.Y.C.; center stamped in black ink: An American Place stamp; all by later hands: upper center in graphite: 19 (circled); upper right in red grease pencil: 7-1944-143; left center in graphite: 19 (circled); lower left in graphite: 129D

Provenance

Georgia O'Keeffe; gift to NGA, 1949.

Exhibition History
1983
Greenough/Hamilton 1983, no. 27.
1992
NGA Stieglitz 1992, no. 26.
2002
Alfred Stieglitz: Known and Unknown, National Gallery of Art, Washington; The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 2002-2003.
2015
In Light of the Past: Celebrating Twenty-Five Years of Collecting Photographs at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, May 3 – July 26, 2015
Bibliography
1899
1899, London (no. 218, as An Icy Night)
1899
1899, New York (no. 36, as An Icy Night, 1898, carbon enlargement)
1899
1899, Philadelphia (no. 278, as An Icy Night)
1900
1900, Chicago (no. 111, as An Icy Night)
1901
Caffin, Charles H. Photography as a Fine Art. New York, 1901: opp. 30 ("An Icy Night, New York").
1901
Camera Notes 5:2 (October 1901), opp. 106 ("An Icy Night").
1901
Charles H. Caffin, "Photography as a Fine Art. II. -- Alfred Stieglitz and His Work," Everybody's Magazine 4 (April 1901), 364 ("An Icy Night, New York / 1897").
1902
1902, Leeds (no. 614, as Icy Night)
1902
1902, New York (no. 131, as Icy Night, 1897)
1902
1902, Turin (no. 64, as Notte gelata)
1902
Dreiser, Theodore. "A Remarkable Art," The Great Round World, 19. 3 May 1902: 431 ("An Icy Night").
1902
"Marvels of American Photography. Prize Winners at the Turin Exhibition," The New York Herald (28 December 1902), section 5, 6 ("Icy Night").
1903
1903, Denver (no. 150, as Icy Night)
1903
1903, Hamburg (no. 426, as Icy Night, carbon)
1903
1903, Minneapolis (no. 8, as Icy Night)
1903
1903, Rochester (no. 195, as Icy Night)
1903
1903, San Francisco (no. 30, as Icy Night)
1903
1903, Toronto (no. 15, as Icy Night)
1903
Camera Work 1 (October 1903), 63 ("Icy Night").
1903
John Corbin, "The Twentieth Century City," Scribner's Magazine 33:3 (March 1903), 267 ("Fifth Avenue, Sixty-first Street, Central Park")
1904
1904, Bradford (no. 187, as Icy Night)
1904
1904, Washington (no. 133, as Icy Night)
1904
Das Atelier des Photographen 11 (1904), 112 ("An Icy Night").
1904
Die Photographische Kunst im Jahre 1904: Ein Jahrbuch für Künstlerische Photographie. 44 ("Strasse im Winter").
1904
Joesph Keiley, "American Pictorial Photographers. Alfred Stieglitz," Photography 17:797 (20 February 1904), 148 ("An Icy Night").
1904
Photographische Rundschau und Photographisches Centralblatt 18:9 (1904), between 111 and 112 ("An Icy Night").
1909
[Sadakichi] Hartmann, "Recent Conquests in Night Photography," The Photographic Times 41 (December 1909), 444 ("Icy Night, Central Park, South").
1958
Norman, Dorothy. "Alfred Stieglitz: Visionary Photographer." Art in America 46 (Fall 1958): 53.
2002
Greenough 2002, cat. 257.