Overview

At the core of Renaissance art is the revival of the classical past, and in his Venus with a Mirror, Titian revealed both his appreciation of antiquity and his remarkable modernity. During a sojourn in Rome he wrote that he was "learning from the marvelous ancient stones" that were being unearthed daily in the city. Indeed, he based the gesture of the goddess, her hands held to her breast and lap, on a famous Roman statue of Venus that later belonged to the Medici.

Yet Titian breathed a warmth and life into the remote source to conjure a startlingly immediate and sensual modern Venus. Her pliant flesh seems to melt at the touch of the cupid who strains to bestow on her the crown of love. While she pulls about her a wine–colored velvet wrap lined in fur, soft, opulent, and evoking the sense of touch, Venus reveals her body as much as she conceals it. The beautiful woman gazing at her reflection is a favorite theme of Renaissance love poetry in which the writer envies the fortunate mirror that enjoys his lady's splendid image.

Inscription

Marks and Labels

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Provenance

The artist [c. 1490-1576], Venice; by inheritance to his son, Pomponio Vecellio, Venice;[1] sold 1581 with the contents of Titian's house to Cristoforo Barbarigo, Venice; by inheritance to his son, Andrea Barbarigo; by inheritance in the Barbarigo family, Venice;[2] sold c. 1850 to Czar Nicholas I of Russia [d. 1855], Saint Petersburg; Imperial Hermitage Gallery, St. Petersburg;[3] purchased April 1931 through (Matthiesen Gallery, Berlin; P. & D. Colnaghi & Co., London; and M. Knoedler & Co., New York) by Andrew W. Mellon, Pittsburgh and Washington, D.C.; deeded 5 June 1931 to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh;[4] gift 1937 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1979
Venetian Painting: Giovanni Bellini to Early El Greco, Los Angeles Museum of Art, 1979-1980.
1990
Tiziano [NGA title: Titian: Prince of Painters], Palazzo Ducale, Venice; National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1990-1991, no. 51, repro.
1993
Le Siècle de Titien: L'âge d'or de la peinture à Venise, Galeries du Grand Palais, Paris, 1993, no. 178, 586-587, repro. 171, as Vénus à sa toilette.
2002
Nicholas I and the New Hermitage, The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia, 2002, unnumbered catalogue.
2002
Tiziano/Rubens. Venus ante el espejo, Fundación Colección Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, 2002-2003, no. 2, repro.
2007
Der späte Tizian und die Sinnlichkeit der Malerei / Tiziano maturo e la sensualità della pittura, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna; Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice, 2007-2008, no. 2.5 (shown only in Vienna).
2009
Titian, Tintoretto, Veronese: Rivals in Renaissance Venice, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Musée du Louvre, Paris, 2009-2010, no. 30 (no. 29 in French catalogue), repro.
Bibliography
1663
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1829
Hume, Abraham. Notices of the Life and Works of Titian. London, 1829: 55, xxxix.
1833
Cadorin, Giuseppe. Dello Amore ai Veneziani di Tiziano Vecellio. Venice, 1833: 77, 98-101.
1845
Bevilacqua, Gian Carlo. Insigne Pinacoteca della nobile veneta famiglia barbarigo della Terrazza. Venice, 1845
1863
Eremitage Impérial. Catalogue de la Galerie des Tableaux. St Petersburg, 1863: 26 no. 99.
1864
Viardot, Louis. “Le Musée de l’Ermitage a Saint Pétersbourg et son nouveau catalogue.” Gazette des Beaux-Arts 17 (1864): 322.
1864
Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. Die Gemäldesammlung in der kaiserlichen Ermitage zu St. Petersburg nebst Bemerkungen über andere dortige Kunstsammlungen. Munich, 1864: 62.
1869
Eremitage Impérial. Catalogue de la Galerie des Tableaux. Les Écoles d’Italie et d’Espagne. St Petersburg, 1869: 42-43.
1877
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1886
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1891
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1899
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1900
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1900
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1904
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1905
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1905
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1906
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1907
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1907
Schmidt, James. “Les Toilette de Vénus du Titien: L’orignal et les répliques.” Starye Gody pt. 1 (1907): 216–222.
1909
Lafenestre, Georges. La vie et l’oeuvre de Titien. Rev. ed. Paris, 1909: 227, 278, 296-297.
1909
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1910
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1911
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1914
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1915
Young, Arthur. Travels in France & Italy during the Years 1787, 1788 and 1789. London, 1915: 255.
1919
Hourticq, Louis. La Jeunesse de Titien. Paris, 1919: 31.
1923
Weiner, Peter Paul von. Meisterwerke der Gemäldesammlung in der Eremitage zu Petrograd. Rev. ed. Munich, 1923: 11, 326.
1924
Bercken, Erich von der. “Some Unpublished Works by Tintoretto and Titian.” The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 44 (March 1924): 113.
1926
Venturi, Lionello. La Collezione Gualino. Turin and Rome, 1926: pl. 39.
1928
Venturi, Adolfo. Storia dell’arte italiana. Vol. 9, pt. 3, La pittura del Cinquecento. Milan, 1928: 327-331.
1929
Poglayen-Neuwall, Stephan. “Eine tizianeske Toilette der Venus aus dem Cranach-Kreis.” Münchner Jahrbuch der Bildenden Kunst 6, no. 2 (1929): 167-199.
1932
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A List of the Principal Artists and their Works with an Index of Places. Oxford, 1932: 571.
1933
Suida, Wilhelm. Tizian. Zürich and Leipzig, 1933: 116, 171.
1934
Poglayen-Neuwall, Stephan. “Titian’s Pictures of the Toilet of Venus and their Copies.” The Art Bulletin 16 (1934): 358-384.
1935
Hetzer, Theodor. Tizian: Geschichte seiner Farbe. Frankfurt-am-Main, 1935: 147, 163.
1935
Mostra di Tiziano. Exh. cat. Palazzo Pesaro Papafava, Venice, 1935: 163.
1935
Tietze, Hans. Meisterwerke europäischer Malerei in Amerika. Vienna, 1935: 87, repro. (English ed., Masterpieces of European Painting in America. New York, 1939: 88, repro.).
1936
Tietze, Hans. Tizian: Leben und Werk. 2 vols. Vienna, 1936: 1:237, 314.
1937
Cortissoz, Royal. An Introduction to the Mellon Collection. Boston, 1937: repro. 8.
1937
Jewell, Edward Alden. "Mellon's Gift." Magazine of Art 30, no. 2 (February 1937): 82.
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 196, no. 34.
1941
Stepanow, Giovanni. Tizian. Leipzig, 1941: xxxix.
1941
Wulff, Oskar. “Farbe, Licht und Schatten in Tizians Bildgestaltung.” Jahrbuch der preussischen Kunstsammlungen 62 (1941): 173, 194, 197, 199.
1942
Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 239, repro. 199.
1944
Pallucchini, Rodolfo. La pittura veneziana del Cinquecento. 2 vols. Novara, 1944: 1:xxiv.
1946
Favorite Paintings from the National Gallery of Art Washington, D.C.. New York, 1946: 33-35, color repro.
1946
Riggs, Arthur Stanley. Titian the Magnificent and the Venice of His Day. New York, 1946: 290, 324-326.
1947
Poglayen-Neuwall, Stephan. “The Venus of the Ca’ d’Oro and the Origin of the Chief Types of the Venus at the Mirror from the Workshop of Titian.” The Art Bulletin 29 (1947): 195-196.
1949
Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 38, repro.
1950
Tietze, Hans. Titian. The Paintings and Drawings. London, 1950: 204 no. 218.
1951
Einstein, Lewis. Looking at Italian Pictures in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1951: 84-86, repro.
1951
Hartlaub, Gustav F. Zauber des Spiegels: Geschichte und Bedeutung des Spiegels in der Kunst. Munich, 1951: 79-80, 107-108, 218.
1952
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Great Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1952: 60, color repro.
1952
Waterhouse, Ellis. “Paintings from Venice for Sevententh-Century England.” Italian Studies 7 (1952): 12.
1953
Pallucchini, Rodolfo. Tiziano. Lezioni di storia dell’arte. 2 vols. Bologna, 1953-1954: 2:63-64.
1955
Dell’Acqua, Gian Alberto. Tiziano. Milan, 1955: 127.
1956
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 28, color repro.
1957
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Venetian School. 2 vols. London, 1957: 1:192.
1957
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): pl. 47
1958
Tervarent, Guy de. Attributs et symboles dans l'art profane, 1450-1600. 2 vols. Geneva, 1958-1964: 1(1958):324.
1959
Morassi, Antonio. “Titian.” In Encyclopedia of World Art. 17+ vols. London, 1959+, 14(1967): col. 147.
1960
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Later Italian Painting in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1960 (Booklet Number Six in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.): 30, color repro.
1960
The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 26, color repro. 12.
1960
Valcanover, Francesco. Tutta la pittura di Tiziano. 2 vols. Milan, 1960: 2:39-40.
1963
Kennedy, Ruth Wedgwood. Novelty and Tradition in Titian’s Art. Northampton, Mass., 1963: 6, 20 n. 29.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 148, repro.
1965
Savini Branca, Simona. Il collezionismo veneziano del Seicento. Padua, 1965: 186.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 129.
1966
Boschini, Marco. La Carta del Navegar Pitoresco (1660). Edited by Anna Pallucchini. Venice, 1966: 664.
1966
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 1:172, color repro.
1966
Walton, William. "Parnassus on Potomac." Art News 65 (March 1966): 38.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 116, repro.
1969
Pallucchini, Rodolfo. Tiziano. 2 vols. Florence, 1969: 1:143, 302.
1969
Valcanover, Francesco. L’opera completa di Tiziano. Milan, 1969: 124-125 no. 384.
1969
Wethey, Harold. The Paintings of Titian. 3 vols. London, 1969-1975: 3(1975):26, 67-70, 200-201.
1971
Freedberg, Sydney J. Painting in Italy 1500-1600. Harmondsworth, 1971, rev. ed. 1975: 508-509.
1971
Pallucchini, Rodolfo. “Una nuova Pomona di Tiziano.” Pantheon 29 (1971): 114.
1972
Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 203, 476, 645.
1972
Shapley, Fern Rusk. "Titian's Venus with a Mirror." Studies in the History of Art v.4 (1971-72):93-105, repro.
1973
Klesse, Brigitte. Katalog der italienischen, französischen and spanischen Gemälde bis 1800 im Wallraf-Richartz-Museum. Cologne, 1973: 131-135.
1973
Moretti, Lino, ed. G. B. Cavalcaselle. Disegni da Antichi Maestri. Exh. cat. Fondazione Giorgio Cini, Venice. Vicenza, 1973: 113.
1974
Faldi, Italo. “Dipinti di figure dal rinascimento al neoclassicismo.” In L’Accademia Nazionale de San Luca. Rome, 1974: 96.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 344, repro.
1976
Krsek, Ivo. Tizian. Prague, 1976: 69.
1977
Bialostocki, Jan. “Man and Mirror in Painting: Reality and Transience.” In Studies in Late Medieval and Renaissance Painting in Honor of Millard Meiss. Edited by Irving Lavin and John Plummer. New York, 1977: 70.
1977
Fomichova, Tamara. “Lo sviluppo compositivo della Venere allo Speccio con due Amorini nell’opera di Tiziano e la copia dell’Eremitage.” Arte Veneta 31 (1977): 195-199.
1977
Pallucchini, Rodolfo. Profilo di Tiziano. Florence, 1977: 46.
1978
Hadeln, Detlev von. Paolo Veronese. Florence, 1978: 84.
1978
Rosand, David. Titian. New York, 1978: 33-34.
1979
Pignatti, Terisio. Golden Century of Venetian Painting. Exh. cat. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, 1979: 76-77.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. Washington, 1979: I:476-480, II:pl. 341, 341A,B,C.
1979
Watson, Ross. The National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1979: 39, pl. 24.
1980
Braunfels, Wolfgang. “I quadri di Tiziano nello studio a Biri Grande (1530–1576).” In Tiziano e Venezia: Convegno internazionale di studi (1976). Vicenza, 1980: 409.
1980
Fasolo, Ugo. Titian. Florence, 1980: 69.
1980
Guillaume, Marguerite. Peintures italiennes: Catalogue raisonné du Musée des Beaux-Arts de Dijon. Dijon, 1980: 85.
1980
Heinemann, Fritz. “La bottega di Tiziano.” In Tiziano e Venezia: convegno internazionale di studi (1976). Vicenza, 1980: 435.
1980
Hope, Charles. Titian. London, 1980: 149-150, 158-160, 167, 170.
1981
Siebenhüner, Herbert. Der Palazzo Barbarigo della Terrazza in Venedig und seine Tizian-Sammlung. Munich, 1981: 26, 28.
1982
Held, Julius. “Rubens and Titian”. In Titian: His World and His Legacy. Edited by David Rosand. New York, 1982: 291.
1983
Goodman-Soellner, Elise. “A Poetic Interpretation of the ‘Lady at her Toilette’ Theme in Sixteenth-Century Painting.” Sixteenth Century Journal 14 (1983): 434, 440-441.
1983
Shearman, John. The Early Italian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen. Cambridge, 1983: 268.
1984
Ingenhoff-Danhäuser, Monika. Maria Magdalena: Heilige und Sünderin in der italienischen Renaissance. Tübingen, 1984: 65.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 208, no. 253, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 395, repro.
1986
Borghero, Gertrude, ed. Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection. Catalogue Raisonné of the Exhibited Works of Art. Milan, 1986: 273.
1986
Gemäldegalerie Berlin: Gesamtverzeichnis der Gemälde. London, 1986: 75, 456.
1986
Valcanover, Francesco. Ca d’Oro: The Giorgio Franchetti Gallery. Translated by Michael Langley. Milan, 1986: 47.
1987
Hart Nibbrig, Christiaan. Spiegelschrift: Spekulationen über Malerei und Literatur. Frankfurt, 1987: 18.
1987
Wethey, Harold E. Titian and His Drawings, with Reference to Giorgione and Some Close Contemporaries. Princeton, 1987: 88 n. 32.
1988
Brown, Beverley Louise, and Arthur K. Wheelock, Jr. Masterworks from Munich: Sixteenth- to Eighteenth-Century Paintings from the Alte Pinakothek. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1988: 117-118.
1988
Hope, Charles, “La produzione pittorica di Tiziano per gli Asburgo”. In Venezia e la Spagna. Milan, 1988: 64.
1988
Rearick, W. R. The Art of Paolo Veronese, 1528-1588. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Cambridge, 1988: 172.
1989
Tiziano, le lettere. Edited by Clemente Gandini from materials compiled by Celso Fabbro. 2nd ed. Cadore, 1989: 269.
1990
Titian, Prince of Painters. Exh. cat. Palazzo Ducale, Venice; National Gallery of Art, Washington. Venice, 1990: 302-304.
1991
Gingold, Diane J. and Elizabeth A.C. Weil. The Corporate Patron. New York, 1991: 90-91, color repro.
1991
Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 91, 94, color repro.
1992
Fomichova, Tamara. The Hermitage Catalogue of West European Painting, Vol. 2: Venetian Painting of the Fourteenth to Eighteenth Centuries. Florence, 1992: 352.
1992
National Gallery of Art. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1992: 102, repro.
1992
Shearman, John. Only Connect...Art and the Spectator in the Italian Renaissance. Princeton, 1992: 228.
1993
Echols, Robert. "Titian's Venetian Soffitti: Sources and Transformations." Studies in the History of Art 45 (1993): 20.
1993
Le Siècle de Titien. L’Âge d’Or de la Peinture à Venise. Exh. cat. Grand Palais, Paris, 1993: 534-535.
1993
Oberhuber, Konrad. “La mostra di Tiziano a Venezia.” Arte Veneta 44 (1993): 80-81.
1994
Sheard, Wendy Stedman. “Le Siècle de Titien.” The Art Journal 53 (Spring 1994): 89.
1995
Brevaglieri, Sabina. “Tiziano, le Dame con il Piatto e l’allegoria matrimoniale.” Venezia Cinquecento 5, no. 10 (1995): 134-135.
1995
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. New York, 1995: 706, fig. 18.28.
1997
Ekserdjian, David. Correggio. New Haven and London, 1997: 269-270.
1997
Goffen, Rona. “Sex, Space and Social History in Titian’s Venus of Urbino.” In Titian’s Venus of Urbino. Edited by Rona Goffen. Cambridge, 1997: 75.
1997
Goffen, Rona. Titian's Women. 1997: 133-139, no. 79, repro.
1997
Pardo, Mary. “Veiling the Venus of Urbino.” In Titian’s Venus of Urbino. Edited by Rona Goffen. Cambridge, 1997: 122-123.
1997
Santore, Cathy. "The Tools of Venus." in Renaissance Studies Vol. 11 Nol 3. The Society for Renaissance Studies, Oxford University Press, 1997: 185, repro. no. 7.
1997
Schäpers, Petra. Die junge Frau bei der Toilette: Ein Bildthema im venezianischen Cinquecento. Frankfurt, 1997: 111-124.
1998
Apostolos-Cappadona, Diana. “Toilet Scenes." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art. Edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 2:873.
1998
Cheney, Liana de Girolami. "Love and Death." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art, edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 1:523.
1998
Medievalia et Humanistica: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Culture. [Vol. 25]. Edited by Paul Maurice Clogan. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1998: 58-61, repro. no. 2.
1998
Roberts, Helene E., ed. Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 1:324, 326.
1998
Shefer, Elaine. "Mirror/Reflection." In Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Works of Art, edited by Helene E. Roberts. 2 vols. Chicago, 1998: 2:602.
1999
Valcanover, Francesco. Tiziano: I suoi pennelli sempre partorirono espressioni di vita. Florence, 1999: 67-71, 267.
2001
Pedrocco, Filippo. Titian: The Complete Paintings. London, 2001: 59, 67, 261, no. 218, repro.
2002
Anderson, Jaynie. “Titian’s Unfinished ‘Portrait of a Patrician Woman and Her Daughter’ from the Barbarigo Collection, Venice.” The Burlington Magazine 144 (2002): 672.
2002
Checa Cremades, Fernando. Titian–Rubens: Venus ante el espejo. Exh. cat. Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, 2002: 11-85.
2002
Prater, Andreas. Venus at Her Mirror: Velázquez and the Art of Nude Painting. Munich, 2002: 21.
2003
Freedman, Luba. The Revival of the Olympian Gods in Renaissance Art. Cambridge, 2003: 155, 190, 208.
2004
Adams, Laurie Schneider. “Iconographic Aspects of the Gaze in some Paintings by Titian.” In The Cambridge Companion to Titian. Edited by Patricia Meilman. Cambridge, 2004: 232-233.
2004
Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 100-101, no. 77, color repro.
2004
Puppi, Lionello. Su Tiziano. Milan, 2004: 77.
2006
Tagliaferro, Giorgio. “La bottega di Tiziano: Un percorso critico.” Studi Tizianeschi 4 (2006): 45.
2007
Artemieva, Irina. “Die Venus vor dem Spiegel Barbarigo und der Dialogo della Pittura von Lodovico Dolce.” In Der späte Tizian und die Sinnlichkeit der Malerei. Edited by Sylvia Ferino-Pagden. Exh. cat. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna; Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice. Vienna, 2007: 224–231, 246-248.
2007
Cranston, Jodi. “Theorizing Materiality: Titian’s Flaying of Marsyas.” In Titian: Materiality, Likeness, Istoria. Edited by Joanna Woods-Marsden. Turnhout, 2007: 15.
2007
Ferino-Pagden, Sylvia, ed. Der späte Tizian und die Sinnlichkeit der Malerei. Exh. cat. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna; Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice. Vienna, 2007: 248.
2007
Humfrey, Peter. Titian: The Complete Paintings. Ghent and New York, 2007: 260.
2008
Dal Pozzolo, Enrico Maria. Colori d’Amore. Parole, Gesti e Carezze nella Pitture Veneziana del Cinquecento. Treviso, 2008: 110, 129-131.
2008
Hochmann, Michel. “Le collezioni veneziane nel Rinasacimento: Storia e storiografia.” In Il collezionismo d’arte a Venezia: Dalle origini al Cinquecento. Edited by Michel Hochmann, Rosella Lauber, and Stefania Mason. Venice, 2008: 17, 37.
2009
Ilchman, Frederick, et al. Titian, Tintoretto, Veronese: Rivals in Renaissance Venice. Exh. cat. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Musée du Louvre, Paris. Boston, 2009: 184-185.
2009
Ilchman, Frederick, et al. Titien, Tintoret, Véronèse: rivalités à Venise. Exh. cat., Musée du Louvre, Paris, 2009: 226-228.
2009
Odom, Anne, and Wendy R. Salmond, eds. Treasures into Tractors: The Selling of Russia's Cultural Heritage, 1918-1938. Washington, D.C., 2009:
2009
Tagliaferro, Giorgio, and Bernard Aikema, with Matteo Mancini and Andrew John. Le botteghe di Tiziano. Florence, 2009: 32, 261.
2010
Cranston, Jodi. The Muddied Mirror: Materiality and Figuration in Titian’s Later Paintings. University Park, PA, 2010: 17, 21-31, 38-39, 48-49, 127.
2012
Gentili, Augusto. Tiziano. Milan, 2012: 253-255.
2012
Hale, Sheila. Titan: His Life. London, 2012: 559-560, 731.
2012
Paglia, Camille. Glittering Images: A Journey Through Art from Egypt to Star Wars. New York, 2012: 48-51, color repro.
2012
Reist, Inge. "The Classical Tradition: Mythology and Allegory." In Paolo Veronese: A Master and His Workshop in Renaissance Venice. Edited by Virginia Brilliant. Exh. cat. Sarasota, 2012. London, 2012: 117, 118, color fig. 43
2013
Frank, Mary Engel. “'Donne attempate': Women of a Certain Age in Sixteenth-Century Venetian Art.” 2 vols. Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton University, 2006: 1:64-106, 303, 305, 306, fig. 46, 67, 77.
2014
Grasso, Monica. Seguendo Tiziano: Viaggio nel ’500 sulle orme di un grande maestro. Rome, 2014: 91-92.
2014
Humfrey, Peter. “The Chronology of Titian’s Versions of the Venus with a Mirror and the Lost Venus for the Emperor Charles V.” In Artistic Practices and Cultural Transfer in Early Modern Italy: Essays in Honour of Deborah Howard Edited by Nabahat Avcioglu and Allison Sherman. Farnham and Burlington, VT, 2014: 221-232.
2014
Mims, Bryan. "Asheville's Fortress of Art." Our State Down Home in North Carolina (1 October 2014): 40-42, 44, repro.
2016
Jaques, Susan. The Empress of Art: Catherine the Great and the Transformation of Russia. New York, 2016: 398.
Technical Summary

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