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Provenance

Probably commissioned by the Piccolomini family, Siena. Possibly William Blundell Spence [1815-1900], Florence, by 1858-1859;[1] possibly Rev. Walter Davenport Bromley [1787-1862], Wooton Hall; (his sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 12-13 June 1863, no. 50); Francis Baring, 3rd baron Ashburton [1800-1868], London.[2] Bertram Ashburnham, 4th earl of Ashburnham [1797-1878], Ashburnham Place, Battle, Sussex. William Compton, 4th marquess of Northampton [1818-1897], Castle Ashby, near Northampton.[3] Edouard Kann, Paris.[4] (Dowdeswell & Dowdeswell, London), before 1917.[5] Morland Agnew [1855-1931], London, August 1925.[6] Possibly (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London and New York).[7] (Scott & Fowles, New York), by March 1931 until at least 1943;[8] (M. Knoedler & Co., New York and London); sold 18 May 1945 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;[9] gift 1952 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1934
A Century of Progress Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture, Art Institute of Chicago, 1934, no. 37, as Classical Hero (Joseph?) by Luca Signorelli.
1936
Twentieth Exhibition of the Cleveland Museum of Art. The Official Art Exhibit of the Great Lakes Exhibition, Cleveland Museum of Art, 1936, no. 147, as Eunostos of Tanagra (?) by Luca Signorelli.
1939
Masterpieces of Art. European Paintings and Sculpture from 1300-1800, New York World's Fair, 1939, no. 355, pl. 21, as Eunostos of Tanagra (presumed) by Luca Signorelli.
1946
Recent Additions to the Kress Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1946, no. 782.
1993
Francesco di Giorgio e il Rinascimento a Siena 1450-1500, Chiesa di Sant'Agostino, Siena, Italy, 1993, no. 103c, repro. 465.
2007
Renaissance Sienna: Art for a City, National Gallery, London, 2007-2008, no. 66, repro., as Joseph of Egypt or Eunostos of Tanagra.
Bibliography
1945
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1945 (reprinted 1947, 1949): 70, repro., as by Luca Signorelli.
1946
Frankfurter, Alfred M. Supplement to the Kress Collection in the National Gallery. New York, 1946: 39, repro., as by Luca Signorelli.
1952
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Great Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1952: 34, color repro., as by Luca Signorelli.
1959
Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 92, repro., as by Luca Signorelli.
1960
The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 25, as by Luca Signorelli.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 300, repro., as bu Luca Signorelli
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 122, as by Luca Signorelli.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 109, repro.
1968
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Italian Schools, XV-XVI Century. London, 1968: 98-99, fig. 237.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 220, repro.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1979: I:313-314, 544, II:pl. 225
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 82, no. 34, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 254, repro.
1997
Chelazzi Dini, Giulietta, Alessandro Angelini, and Bernardina Sani. Sienese Painting From Duccio to the Birth of the Baroque. New York, 1997: 318-319.
2003
Boskovits, Miklós, and David Alan Brown, et al. Italian Paintings of the Fifteenth Century. The Systematic Catalogue of the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 2003: 497-504, color repro.