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Inscription

over the cross: INRI (Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum = Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews, from John 19:19)

Provenance

Comissioned c. 1473 by Floriano Griffoni for a family chapel (the sixth off the north aisle) in the church of San Petronio, Bologna;[1] moved to the Casa Aldrovandi, Bologna, c. 1731, but no longer there in 1782.[2] Possibly Giovanni Costabili, Ferrara, by 1872.[3] Philip Lehman [1861-1947], New York, by 1914; sold June 1943 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;[4] gift 1952 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1946
Recent Additions to the Kress Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1946, no. 793.
Bibliography
1914
Breck, Joseph. "A Crucifixion by Francesco del Cossa." Art In America II (1914):314, repro.
1914
Perkins, J. Mason. "La Crocefissione di Francesco del Cossa." L'Arte XVII (1914):222+, repro.
1925
Fiocco, Giuseppe. "Andrea del Castagno nel Veneto." Belvedere 7, no. 6 (July 1925):157, repro.
1928
Lehman, Robert. The Philip Lehman Collection, New York: Paintings. Paris, 1928: no. LXXX, repro.
1931
Venturi, Adolfo. North Italian Painting of the Quattrocento: Emilia. Florence and New York, 1931:43, repro.
1934
Longhi, Roberto.Officina Ferrarese. Rome, 1934:50, repro; rev. ed. Florence, 1956:33, 130-131
1936
Berenson, Bernard. Pitture Italiane del Rinascimento. Milan, 1936:119, as Castagno.
1945
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1945 (reprinted 1947, 1949): 77, repro.
1946
Frankfurter, Alfred M. Supplement to the Kress Collection in the National Gallery. New York, 1946: 35, repro.
1950
Nicolson, Benedict. The Painters of Ferrara. London, 1950:13, repro.
1952
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Great Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1952: 44, color repro.
1956
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 22, repro.
1957
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): pl. 10.
1958
Neppi, Alberto. Francesco Del Cossa. Milan, 1958:27, repro.
1958
Volpe, Carlo. "Tre vetrate ferraresi e il Rinascimento a Bologna." Arte Antica e Moderna (1958):23+
1959
Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 115, repro.
1959
Ruhmer, Eberhard. Francesco Del Cossa. Munich, 1959:77, repro.
1961
Walker, John, Guy Emerson, and Charles Seymour. Art Treasures for America: An Anthology of Paintings & Sculpture in the Samuel H. Kress Collection. London, 1961:, 48, repro. pl. 45
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 301, repro.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 32.
1966
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 1:62, color repro.
1966
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Italian Schools, XIII-XV Century. London, 1966: 84-85, fig. 225.
1968
Berenson, Bernhard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. 3 vols. London, 1968: 1:95.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 25, repro.
1972
Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 56.
1974
Molajoli, Rosemarie. L'Opera completa di Cosmè Tura e i grandi pittori ferraresi del suo tempo: Francesco Cossa e Ercole de'Roberti. Milan, 1974:no. 82, repro.
1974
Pesenti, Franco Renzo. "Dismembered works of art - Italian painting." In An Illustrated Inventory of Famous Dismembered Works of Art: European Painting. Paris, 1974: 24, 46-47, repro.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 80, repro.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1979: I:142-143, II:pl. 98
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 116, no. 98, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 100, repro.
1992
Santucci, Paola. La Pittura del Quattrocento. Torino, 1992:206, repro.
1997
Barstow, Kurtis. "The Gualenghi-d'Este Hours": Art and Devotion in Renaissance Ferrara. Ph.D dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 1997: viii, 23-24, 215 fig. I.12.
2003
Boskovits, Miklós, and David Alan Brown, et al. Italian Paintings of the Fifteenth Century. The Systematic Catalogue of the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 2003: 223-225, color repro.