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Inscription

lower right: 1878-Charles Hofman [sic], Painter.; upper center, on banner: VIRTUE, LIBERTY & INDEPENDENCE!; upper center, just above banner: PENSYLVANIA; lower center: VIEWS OF THE BUILDINGS & SURROUNDINGS / OF THE BERKS-COUNTY-ALMS-HOUSE. 1878.; along bottom of small scenes, clockwise beginning at lower left: Tenant-house No. II.; School-house.; Cemetery; Tenant hous [sic] No. I.; Western-View of the new Hospital.; Tenant-house No. III.; Kitchen-supplying spring, & Reservoir:; Grein barn:

Provenance

Jacob Hartgen, Reading, Pennsylvania, 1878-1925.[1] (Bert Frame, Reading, Pennsylvania), by whom sold in 1947 to Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch; gift to NGA, 1953.

Exhibition History
1950
American Processional, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 1950, no. 281.
1961
101 Masterpieces of American Primitive Painting from the Collection of E.W. and B.C. Garbisch, traveling exh. by the Amer. Federation of Arts, New York, 1961-1964, no. 99, color repro. First venue: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, N.Y.
1967
National Gallery Loan Exhibition, Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte, North Carolina, 1967, no. 15.
1968
Pennsylvania Almshouse Painters--Charles Hofmann, John Rasmussen and Louis Mader, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, Williamsburg, 1968, unpaginated and unnumbered (cat. by Thomas Armstrong).
1971
Twenty-five Folk Artists: Their Lives and Work, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, Williamsburg, Virginia, 1971, no cat.
2010
American Naive Paintings from the Garbisch Collection at the National Gallery of Art, Taubman Museum of Art, Roanoke, Virginia, 2010, no cat.
Bibliography
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 68, repro.
1972
Rothman, David J. "Our Brothers' Keepers." American Heritage 24 (December): 40-41, color repro. with long caption.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 176, repro.
1980
Armstrong, Thomas. "Charles C. Hofman." In Lipman, Jean, and Tom Armstrong, eds. American Folk Painters of Three Centuries Exh. cat. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, 1980: 103, 106, 108, 109 (for related Almshouse works).
1992
Chotner, Deborah, with contributions by Julie Aronson, Sarah D. Cash, and Laurie Weitzenkorn. American Naive Paintings. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 204-205, color repro. 203.
1996
Donahue, M. Patricia. Nursing, The Finest Art: An Illustrated History. St Louis, 1996: 226-227, color repro.