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Inscription

on reverse (no longer visible, photograph in object file [1953.5.52] in NGA curatorial records): JOSEPH SLADE AGED [ ] YEARS AD 1816; on book: TEMPLE / OF / NATURE

Provenance

Recorded as from New York State. Possibly once located in the Red, White, and Blue House built by Benjamin Slade, son of Joseph and Alsa Slade, in Waterford, New York.[1] Found in Lansingburgh (now part of Troy), New York, by (Frederick Fuessenich, Litchfield, Connecticut); sold 1952 to Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch; gift 1953 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1954
American Primitive Paintings from the Collection of Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Part I, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1954, no. 41.
1955
American Primitive Paintings, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1955.
1957
American Primitive Paintings from the Collection of Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Part II, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1957.
1958
Rediscovered Painters of Upstate New York, traveling exhibition circulated by New York State Historical Association, Cooperstown, 1958-1959, no. 13, as by The Border Limner.
1961
101 Masterpieces of American Primitive Painting from the Collection of E.W. and B.C. Garbisch, traveling exh. by the Amer. Federation of Arts, New York, 1961-1964, no. 39, color repro. First venue: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, N.Y.
1965
Ammi Phillips, 1788-1865, Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, 1965-1966, special issue of Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin 30 (October 1965), 100, 117, no. 34.
1966
American Folk Painting and Sculpture, Museum of Early American Folk Arts (now Museum of American Folk Art), held at Time-Life Exhibit Center, New York, 1966, no cat.
1967
Fifty Masterpieces of American Painting from the Collection of Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Society of the Four Arts, Palm Beach, Florida, 1967, no cat.
1968
American Naive Painting of the 18th and 19th Centuries: 111 Masterpieces from the Collection of E.W. and B.C. Garbisch, traveling exh. by Amer. Fed. of Arts, N.Y., 1968-1970, no. 35, repro. First venue: Grand Palais, Paris.
1970
American Naive Painting of the 18th and 19th Centuries: Masterpieces from the Collection of E.W. and B.C. Garbisch, organized by the Amer. Fed. of Arts, N.Y., and Mainichi News., Nihobashi Mitsukoshi, Tokyo, 1970, no cat.
1970
The New World: 1620-1790, Chrysler Art Museum, Provincetown, Massachusetts, 1970, no. 9.
1973
American Primitive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art, Holland Union, Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 1973, exhibition guide (copy not located).
1976
"First Flowers of Our Wilderness", The Santa Barbara Museum of Art, California: The University of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson, 1976, no. 50, pl. 50.
1978
The American Folk Art Tradition: Paintings from the Garbisch Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1978.
1985
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art, Exh. cat. Traveling exh. by the International Exhibitions Foundation, Washington, 1985-1987, no. 47, color repro. First venue: Musuem of American Folk Art, New York.
1988
La Nascita di Una Nazione: Pittori americani dalla National Gallery of Art di Washington 1730-1880, Palazzo Pepoli Campogrande, Bologna; Galleria Internazionale d'Arte Moderna di Ca'Pesaro, Venice, 1988-1989, no. 47, repro.
1994
Revisiting Ammi Phillips: Fifty Years of American Portraiture, Museum of American Folk Art, New York; San Diego Museum of Art, Terra Museum of American Art, Chicago, 1994, plate XI.
2010
American Naive Paintings from the Garbisch Collection at the National Gallery of Art, Taubman Museum of Art, Roanoke, Virginia, 2010, no cat.
Bibliography
1966
Warren, William Lamson. "Ammi Phillips, A Critique." Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin 31 (January 1966): 8, 13.
1969
Holdridge, Barbara C., and Lawrence B. Holdridge. Ammi Phillips: Portrait Painter 1788-1865. Exh. cat. Museum of American Folk Art, New York, 1969: 12, 41, 46.
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 90, repro.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 209, repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 260, repro.
1992
Chotner, Deborah, with contributions by Julie Aronson, Sarah D. Cash, and Laurie Weitzenkorn. American Naive Paintings. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 272-273, color repro. 275.