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Provenance

By descent in the family to Adelia Leman [1857-1947], Lancaster, daughter of the subject; sold 20 March 1917 to Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York;[1] his estate; sold as part of the Clarke collection 29 January 1936, through (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1947 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1912
Loan Exhibition of Historical and Contemporary Portraits Illustrating the Evolution of Portraiture in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania..., Lancaster, 1912, no. 156.
1922
Exhibition of Portraits by Early American Artists, The Union League Club, New York, March 1922, no. 7.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928-1931, unnumbered and unpaginated catalogue.
1959
Jacob Eichholtz, Historical Society of York County, York, Pennsylvania, 1959, no. 38 (organized by Pennsylvania State Museum, Harrisburg).
2003
The Worlds of Jacob Eichholtz, Portrait Painter of the Early Republic, shown at one of three simultaneous venues: The Heritage Center of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 2003, unnumbered catalogue, repro.
Bibliography
1913
Hensel, William U. "Jacob Eichholtz, Painter." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 37 (1913): 69, as Henry E. Leman.
1928
Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke. Exh. cat. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928, unnumbered.
1960
Milley, John Calvin. "Jacob Eichholtz, 1776-1842." Master's thesis, University of Delaware, 1960: 11, 137-138.
1969
Beal, Rebecca J. Jacob Eichholtz, 1776-1842. Philadelphia, 1969: 132, no. 448.
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 56, repro.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 154, repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 174, repro.
1996
Kelly, Franklin, with Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., Deborah Chotner, and John Davis. American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part I. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1996: 216-218, repro.
Technical Summary

The plain-weave, medium-weight fabric support has been lined. Over the smoothly and evenly applied white ground the paint was layered, and the lower layers remain slightly visible beneath the upper layers at several points. The paint apparently was applied wet-into-wet, rather quickly. There are scattered scratches and areas of abrasion, but the hair and the shadows of the face have been inpainted. The painting was most recently treated in 1948, when it was relined, discolored varnish was removed, and the painting was restored. The varnish has become moderately discolored, its haziness masking the subtle variations in the black coat.