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Provenance

Possibly Bartolomeo Cavaceppi [c. 1716-1799], Rome.[1] Outside wall of a house on the Lungarno delle Grazie, Florence; acquired from there by Baron Reinhold von Liphart, Dorpat and Munich-Grafeling, by 1891;[2] on consignment from September 1947 with (Paul Drey, New York);[3] sold 1948 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1961 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1919
Museum Copenhagen, 1919.
1928
Pinakothek, Munich, 1928-1929.
1935
Sculpture of the Italian Renaissance, A.S. Drey Galleries, New York, 1935, no. 43, as by Michelangelo.
1992
The Genius of the Sculptor in Michelangelo's Work, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, 1992, no. 17, repro.
2010
Pregio e bellezza: Cammei e intagli dei Medici [Precious and Beautiful: Cameos and Intaglios of the Medici], Museo degli Argenti, Florence, 2010, no. 47, repro., as by Imitator of Michelangelo.
Bibliography
1891
Baldoria, Natala. "Apollo e Marsia, bassorilievo in marmo attribuito a Michelangelo." Archivio Storico dell'Arte (1891): 309.
1891
Bode, Wilhelm von. "Eine Marmorkopie Michelangelos nach dem antiken Cameo mit Apollo und Marsyas." Jahrbuch des preussischen Kunstsammlungen 12 (1891):167
1892
Frey, Carl, ed. Il Codice Magliabechiano. Berlin, 1892: 276-277.
1900
Neumann, Dr. Wilhelm. "Aus Baltischen Gemäldesammlungen." Zeitschrift für Bildende Kunst 35, new series 11 (1900): 268, fig. 5, 271.
1913
Thode, Henry. Michelangelo und das Ende der Renaissance: kritische Untersuchungen über seine Werke. 6 vols. Berlin, 1908-1913: 1 (1908):6-8; 3 (1913):72-74.
1928
Mackowsky, Hans. "Michelangelo's First Sculpture." The Burlington Magazine 53, n. 307 (October 1928): 165-170, pl. 1.
1929
Mackowsky, Hans. Michelangelos Frühstes Werk. Leipzig, 1929: 1-16.
1935
"An Early Michael Angelo." New York Herald Tribune (Sunday, March 24, 1935): 10 V.
1935
Comstock, Helen. "The Connoisseur in America." Connoisseur 95, n. 406 (June 1935): 348.
1940
Righetti, Romolo. Incisori di gemme e cammei in Roma dal Rinascimento all'Ottocento. Rome, 1940: 67.
1943
De Tolnay, Charles. Michelangelo. 5 vols. Princeton, 1943: 1:233-234.
1951
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation 1945-1951. Introduction by John Walker, text by William E. Suida. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1951: 242, no. 108, repro., as Attributed to Michelangelo.
1953
Goldscheider, Ludwig. Michelangelo. London, 1953: 206.
1959
Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 422, repro., as Attributed to Michelangelo.
1961
Ciardi Dupré, Maria Grazia. "Presentazione di alcuni problemi relativi al Tribolo scultore." Arte antica e moderna n. 13/16 (January-December 1961): 244-247.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 162, as Attributed to Michelangelo.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 143, repro., as Attributed to Michelangelo.
1971
Richter, Gisela Marie Augusta. The Engraved Gems of the Greeks, Etruscans, and Romans. 2 vols. London, 1971: 2:156, fig. 728a.
1976
Middeldorf, Ulrich. Sculptures from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: European Schools XIV-XIX Century. London, 1976: 68.
1986
Ford, Terrence, compiler and ed. Inventory of Music Iconography, no. 1. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1986: no. 90.
1987
Agosti, Giovanni, and Vincenzo Farinella. Michelangelo e l'arte classica. Exh. cat. Casa Buonarroti, Florence, 1987: under no. 12, repro.
1992
Stapleford, Richard. The Age of Lorenzo de' Medici: Patronage and the Arts in Renaissance Florence. A Walking Tour of Italian Painting and Sculpture in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1992: no. 18, repro.
1994
Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994: 150, repro.
1996
Wallace, William E. "They Come and Go." Art News (April 1996). Not paginated.
1996
Wyss, Edith. The Myth of Apollo and Marsyas in the Art of the Italian Renaissance. Newark, Delaware, and London, 1996: fig. 112.
1999
Norman Herz, Katherine A. Holbrow and Shelley G. Sturman. "Marble Sculture in the National Gallery of Art: a Provenance Study." In Max Schvoerer, ed. Archéomatériaux: marbres et autres roches: ASMOSIA IV, Bordeaux, France 9-13 october 1995: actes de la IVème Conférence international de l’Association pour l’étude des marbres et autres roches utilizes dans le passé. Talence, 1999: 101-110.
2006
Acidini Luchinat, Cristina. Michelangelo, scultore. Milan, 2006: 15, 25, n. 14.