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Provenance

Commissioned in 1398[1] for the chapel of San Pietro in Siena Cathedral,[2] where it remained at least until 1482.[3] It is probable, however, that the altarpiece was removed only between 1580 (when a new, richly decorated marble altar was commissioned for the chapel) and 1582 (when the decoration of the new altar was completed). At this time it was then either consigned to the cathedral’s storerooms or sold.[4] H.M. Clark, London, by 1928.[5] Edward Hutton [1874-1969], London.[6] (Wildenstein & Co., New York), by 1950;[7] sold February 1954 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;[8] gift 1961 to NGA.

Exhibition History

1928
Daily Telegraph Exhibition of Antiques and Works of Art, Olympia, London, 1928, no. X1, as by Bartolo di Fredi.

Bibliography

1928
The Daily Telegraph at Olympia, ed. The Daily Telegraph Exhibition of Antiques and Works of Art. Exh. cat., Olympia, London, 1928: 162.
1951
Meiss, Millard. Painting in Florence and Siena after the Black Death. Princeton, 1951: 28, fig. 165.
1956
_Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Colllection Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation 1951-56. Introduction by John Walker, text by William E. Suida and Fern Rusk Shapley. National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1956: 28, repro., as by Bartolo di Fredi.
1959
_Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 35, repro., as by Bartolo di Fredi.
1960
Campolongo, Elizabetta. "Fei, Paolo di Giovanni." In Dizionario biografico degli italiani. 79+ vols. Edited by Alberto Maria Ghisalberti. Rome, 1960+: 46(1996):15, 16.
1964
Lafontaine-Dosogne, Jacqueline. Iconographie de l’enfance de la Vierge dans l’Empire byzantin et en Occident. 2 vols. Bruxelles, 1964-1965: 2:30 n. 1.
1964
Mallory, Michael. "Towards a Chronology for Paolo di Giovanni Fei." The Art Bulletin 46 (1964): 529-535, figs. 1, 3, 4.
1965
Mallory, Michael. "Paolo di Giovanni Fei." Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, New York, 1965. Ann Arbor, MI, 1973: 3, 116-141, 237, fig. 50.
1965
_Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 49
1966
Mallory, Michael. "An Early Quattrocento Trinity." The Art Bulletin 48 (1966): 86, fig. 2.
1966
Schiller, Gertrud. Ikonographie der christlichen Kunst. 6 vols. Gütersloh, 1966-1990: 4, pt. 2:71.
1966
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Italian Schools, XIII-XV Century. London, 1966: 62, fig. 159.
1967
Denny, Don. "Simone Martini’s The Holy Family." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institute 30 (1967): 139 n. 4.
1967
Klesse, Brigitte. Seidenstoffe in der italienischen Malerei des 14. Jahrhunderts. Bern, 1967: 250.
1968
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Central Italian and North Italian Schools. 3 vols. London, 1968: 2:130, fig. 418.
1968
_European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 42, repro.
1969
Mallory, Michael. "A Lost Madonna del Latte by Ambrogio Lorenzetti." The Art Bulletin 51 (1969): 42 n. 14.
1969
Os, Hendrik W. van. Marias Demut und Verherrlichung in der sienesischen Malerei: 1300-1450. The Hague, 1969: 6, fig. 4.
1971
Carli, Enzo. I pittori senesi. Siena, 1971: 22, 133, fig. 115.
1972
Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 69, 300, 647.
1972
"Paolo di Giovanni Fei." In Dizionario Enciclopedico Bolaffi dei pittori e degli Incisori italiani: dall’XI al XX secolo. Edited by Alberto Bolaffi and Umberto Allemandi. 11 vols. Turin, 1972-1976: 8(1975):315.
1975
_European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 126, repro.
1977
Bennett, Bonnie Apgar. Lippo Memmi, Simone Martini’s “fratello in arte”: The Image Revealed by His Documented Works. PhD diss. University of Pittsburgh, 1977. Ann Arbor, MI, 1979: 136, 143, 250 n. 24, fig. 76.
1977
Maginnis, Hayden B. J. "The Literature of Sienese Trecento Painting 1945-1975." Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 40 (1977): 300.
1977
Torriti, Piero. La Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena. I Dipinti dal XII al XV secolo. Genoa, 1977: 179, 180, 202.
1979
Carli, Enzo. Il Duomo di Siena. Genoa, 1979: 85-86.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. Washington, 1979: 1:175-177; 2:pl. 122.
1981
Carli, Enzo. La pittura senese del Trecento. 1st ed. Milan, 1981: 241, fig. 282.
1982
_Il gotico a Siena: miniature, pitture, oreficerie, oggetti d’arte. Exh. cat. Palazzo Pubblico, Siena. Florence, 1982: 295, 296, 298, 317.
1983
Carli, Enzo. Sienese Painting. New York, 1983: 48.
1983
_Early Italian Paintings and Works of Art 1300-1480 in Aid of the Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum. Exh. cat. Matthiesen Fine Art, London, 1983: 34.
1983
Frederick, Kavin. "A Program of Altarpieces for the Siena Cathedral." The Rutgers Art Review 4 (1983): 26-29, fig. 4.
1983
_L’Art gothique siennois: enluminure, peinture, orfèvrerie, sculpture. Exh. cat. Musée du Petit Palais, Avignon. Florence, 1983: 277, 278, 284.
1984
Os, Hendrik W. van. Sienese Altarpieces 1215-1460. Form, Content, Function. 2 vols. Groningen, 1984-1990: 2(1990):135-137, repro.
1984
Torriti, Piero. "Un’aggiunta a Paolo di Giovanni Fei." in Scritti di storia dell’arte in onore di Roberto Salvini. Florence, 1984: 211-212.
1985
Boskovits, Miklós. The Martello Collection: Paintings, Drawings and Miniatures from the XIVth to the XVIIIth Centuries. Florence, 1985: 128.
1985
Cole, Bruce. Sienese Painting in the Age of the Renaissance. Bloomington, 1985: 13, 14, fig. 8.
1985
_European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 299, repro.
1985
Freuler, Gaudenz. "Bartolo di Fredis Altar für die Annunziata-Kapelle in S. Francesco in Montalcino." Pantheon 43 (1985): 26.
1985
Os, Hendrik W. van. "Tradition and Innovation in Some Altarpieces by Bartolo di Fredi." The Art Bulletin 67 (1985): 52-54, fig. 3.
1985
Riedl, Peter Anselm, and Max Seidel, eds. Die Kirchen von Siena. 3 vols. Munich, 1985-: 1, pt. 1:123, 124.
1986
Leoncini, Giovanni. "Fei, Paolo di Giovanni." In La Pittura in Italia. Il Duecento e il Trecento. Edited by Enrico Castelnuovo. 2 vols. Milan,1986: 2:570, repro.
1987
Christiansen, Keith. "The S. Vittorio Altarpiece in Siena Cathedral." The Art Bulletin 69 (1987): 467.
1987
Pope-Hennessy, John, and Laurence B. Kanter. The Robert Lehman Collection. Vol. 1, Italian Paintings. New York, 1987: 38.
1988
Maginnis, Hayden B. J. "The Lost Facade Frescoes from Siena’s Ospedale di S. Maria della Scala." Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 51 (1988): 190.
1991
Manacorda, Simona. "Fei, Paolo di Giovanni." In Enciclopedia dell’arte medievale. Edited by Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana. 12 vols. Rome, 1991-2002: 6(1995):133.
1992
Landi, Alfonso, and Enzo Carli (commentary). “Racconto” del Duomo di Siena (1655). Florence, 1992: 120-121, n. 30.
1993
Cséfalvay, Pál, ed. Keresztény Múzeum (Christian Museum Esztergom). Budapest, 1993: 222.
1993
Harpring, Patricia. The Sienese Trecento Painter Bartolo di Fredi. London and Toronto, 1993: repro. 112.
1994
Freuler, Gaudenz. Bartolo di Fredi Cini: ein Beitrag zur sienesischen Malerei des 14. Jahrhunderts. Disentis, 1994: 341, 382.
1996
Freuler, Gaudenz. "Bartolo di Fredi Cini." In The Dictionary of Art. Edited by Jane Turner. 34 vols. New York and London, 1996: 7:329.
1996
_Gold Backs: 1250-1480. Exh. cat. Matthiesen Fine Art, London. Turin, 1996: 116, fig. 3.
1997
Chelazzi Dini, Giulietta. "La cosidetta crisi della metà del Trecento (1348-1390)." In Pittura senese. Edited by Giulietta Chelazzi Dini, Alessandro Angelini and Bernardina Sani. 1st ed. Milan, 1997: 200.
1997
Dini, Giulietta Chelazzi, Alessandro Angelini, and Bernardina Sani. Sienese Painting From Duccio to the Birth of the Baroque. New York, 1997:198, 200-201.
1998
Frinta, Mojmír S. Punched Decoration on Late Medieval Panel and Miniature Painting. Prague, 1998: 70, 98, 358, 379, 428.
1999
Norman, Diana. Siena and the Virgin: Art and Politics in a Late Medieval City State. New Haven and London, 1999: 225, nos. 28, 43.
2000
Kirsh, Andrea, and Levenson, Rustin S. Seeing Through Paintings: Physical Examination in Art Historical Studies. Physical Examination in Art Historical Studies, vol. 1. New Haven, 2000: 88, 90-91, figs. 89-90, color fig. 91.
2002
Tomei, Alessandro, ed. Le Biccherne di Siena: arte e finanza all’alba dell’economia moderna. Exh. cat. Palazzo del Quirinale, Rome. Azzano San Paolo [u.a.], 2002: 174.
2003
Norman, Diana. Painting in Late Medieval and Renaissance Siena (1260-1555). New Haven and London, 2003: 143 (repro.), 145.
2004
Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 12, no. 7, color repro.
2004
Hiller von Gaertringen, Rudolf. Italienische Gemälde im Städel 1300-1550: Toskana und Umbrien. Kataloge der Gemälde im Städelschen Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main. Mainz, 2004: 140, 149, 151.
2005
Bagnoli, Alessandro, Silvaia Colucci, and Veronica Radon, eds. Il Crocifisso con i dolenti in umiltà di Paolo di Giovanni Fei: un capolavoro riscoperto. Exh. cat. Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena, 2005: 11, 12, 32, 34 nos. 18 and 21, 49, 51, 53, 60, 62.
2006
Butzek, Monica. “Chronologie.” In Die Kirchen von Siena, 3: Der Dom S. Maria Assunta, 1: Architektur, pt. 1. Edited by Walter Haas and Dethard von Winterfeld. Munich, 2006: 102, 103 n. 1347.
2008
Boskovits, Miklós, and Johannes Tripps, eds. Maestri senesi e toscani nel Lindenau-Museum di Altenburg. Exh. cat. Santa Maria della Scala, Siena, 2008: 81, 84, 90.
2008
Fattorini, Gabriele. "Paolo di Giovanni Fei: una proposta per la pala Mannelli (con una nota sull’iconografia di San Maurizio a Siena)." Prospettiva 130/131 (2008): 176, 182 n. 40.

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