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Provenance

Commissioned by Pierre Crozat [1665-1740] for the dining room of his hôtel on rue de Richelieu, Paris; by inheritance with the hôtel to his nephew, Louis François Crozat, marquis du Châtel [1691-1750], Paris; by inheritance with the hôtel to his daughter, Louise-Honorine Crozat [1737-1801, married 1750 to the duc de Choiseul], Paris; the hôtel was sold in 1772 and demolished shortly thereafter, before which the painting was removed, probably to the Choiseul's Château de Chanteloup, Touraine; (estate sale of Etienne François, duc de Choiseul [1719-1785], Paillet, Paris, 18 December 1786, no. 3, with Winter from the same series); purchased by Meunier. Jean Baptiste Pierre Le Brun [1748-1813], Paris; (his own sale, Le Brun, Paris, 11 April-8 May 1791, 10th day [April 20], no. 204, with Winter); Rebes; (sale, Le Brun, Paris, 15 November 1791, no. 95, with Winter).[1] Roehn, Paris.[2] Charles Wertheimer [d. 1911], London. (Charles Sedelmeyer Galleries, Paris), by 1895; sold 1898 to Sir Lionel Phillips, bt. [1855-1936], Tylney Hall, Winchfield;[3] (sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 25 April 1913, no. 72); Nicholson. Henri Michel-Lévy [1845-1914], Paris; (his sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 12-13 May 1919, no. 28); Léon Michel-Lévy [1846-1925], Paris; (his sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 17-18 June 1925, 1st day, no. 160);[4] Batteroze or Betteroze. Charles-Louis Dreyfus [1870-1929], Paris.[5] (Wildenstein & Co., Inc., Paris, New York, and London), by 1935;[6] sold February 1954 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;[7] gift 1961 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1909
National Loan Exhibition in Aid of National Gallery Funds, Grafton Galleries, London, 1909-1910, no. 95.
1935
Exposition de L'art français au XVIIIe siècle, Palais de Charlottenborg, Copenhagen, 1935, no. 262.
1936
Watteau and His Contemporaries, Wildenstein & Co., London, 1936, no. 27.
1948
French Painting of the Eighteenth Century, Wildenstein & Co., New York, 1948, no. 45.
1961
Masterpieces: A Memorial Exhibition for Adele R. Levy, Wildenstein & Co., New York, 1961, no. 20.
1984
Watteau 1684-1721, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin, West Germany, 1984-1985, no. 35.
2015
Charles de La Fosse (1636-1716): Le triomphe de la couleur, Musée national des Châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon, 2015, no. 48b, repro.
Bibliography
1845
Hédouin, Paul. "Watteau. Catalogue de son oeuvre." L'Artiste (30 November 1845): 78, no. 17.
1875
Goncourt, Edmond de. Catalogue raisonné de l'oeuvre peint, dessiné et gravé d'Antoine Watteau. Paris, 1875: 50-51, no. 47.
1889
Mantz, Paul. "Watteau II." Gazette des Beaux-Arts ser. 3, 64 (March 1889): no. 1.
1895
Phillips, Claude. Antoine Watteau. London, 1895: 30.
1903
Josz, Virgile. Watteau: moeurs du XVIIIe siècle. Paris, 1903:167-169.
1910
Monod, François. "L'exposition nationale des maitres anciens." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 3, no. 631 (January 1910): 256, 257.
1912
Pilon, Edmond. Watteau et son école. Brussels and Paris, 1912: 118-120.
1921
Dacier, Emile and Albert Vuaflart. Jean de Jullienne et les graveurs de Watteau au XVIIIe siecle. 4 vols. Paris, 1921-1929: I:262, no. 106; 3:50, no. 106.
1921
Marcel, Pierre. La peinture française: le XVIIIe siècle. Paris, 1921: 23, repro. pl. 55
1928
Dimier, Louis. Les peintres français du XVIIIe siècle. Histoire des vies et catalogue des oeuvres. 2 vols., 1928-1930. Paris and Brussels, 1928: 1:31, no. 26.
1936
Blunt, Anthony. "Watteau and His Contemporaries." The Burlington Magazine (November 1936): 230, 231, repro. pl. B.
1938
"Notable Works of Art Now on the Market." The Burlington Magazine. 73 (December 1938): advertising supplement, n.p., repro.
1950
Adhémar, Hélène and René Huyghe. Watteau, sa vie, son oeuvre. Paris, 1950: 86, 152, 212-213, nos. 97-100.
1956
Einstein, Lewis. "Looking at French Eighteenth Century Pictures in Washington." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 6th ser., 67, no. 1048-1049 (May-June 1956): 217-218, repro. fig. 4.
1956
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Colllection Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation 1951-56. Introduction by John Walker, text by William E. Suida and Fern Rusk Shapley. National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1956: 204, no. 81, repro.
1957
Parker, Karl Theodore, and Jacques Mathey. Antoine Watteau: catalogue complet de son oeuvre dessiné. Paris, 1957: 2:339, under no. 719.
1959
Cooke, Hereward Lester. French Paintings of the 16th-18th Centuries in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1959 (Booklet Number Four in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.): 24, color repro.
1959
Mathey, J. Antoine Watteau. Peintures réapparues, inconnues ou négligées par les historiens... Paris, 1959: 46-47, 68, 78, repro. pl. 115.
1959
Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 348, repro.
1960
The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 26.
1961
Seilern, Antoine, Graf von. Paintings and Drawings of Continental Schools Other than Flemish and Italian at 56 Princes Gate London SW7. London, 1961: 79.
1961
Walker, John, Guy Emerson, and Charles Seymour. Art Treasures for America: An Anthology of Paintings and Sculpture in the Samuel H. Kress Collection. London, 1961:175, repro. pl. 166
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 316, repro.
1964
Levey, Michael. "A Watteau rediscovered: 'Le printems' [sic] for Crozat" The Burlington Magazine 106, no. 731 (February 1964): 54, 55, repro. fig. 3, 57.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 139
1966
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:300, color repro.
1966
Chronique des arts Supplement to Gazette des Beaux-arts ser. 6, 68 (October 1966): 23.
1967
Brookner, Anita. Watteau. Feltham, 1967: 33-34, repro. pl. 11.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 126, repro.
1968
Macchia, Giovanni and E.C. Montagni. L'opera completa di Watteau. Milan 1968: 104, cat. 107.
1973
Posner, Donald. Watteau: A Lady at her Toilette. New York, 1973:20-21, 23, 28, 97 n. 14, repro. fig. 4.
1973
Scott, Barbara. "Marquis de Marigny: A Dispenser of Royal Patronage." Apollo 97, no. 131 (January 1973): 14, 15, repro pl. 1.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 374, repro.
1975
Posner, Donald. "Review of Jean Ferré et. al. Watteau" The Art Bulletin 57 (June 1957): 292-293.
1977
Eisler, Colin. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: European Schools Excluding Italian. Oxford, 1977: 297-300, Fig. 266, color repro, as Allegory of Summer (Ceres).
1982
Rosenberg, Pierre and Ettore Camesasca Tout l'oeuvre peint de Watteau. Paris, 1982:104, no. 107b, repro.
1984
Caylus, comte de. "La vie de Antoine Watteau, peintre de figures et de paysages." [1748]. In Pierre Rosenberg, ed. Vies anciennes de Wattteau. Paris, 1984: 73.
1984
Posner, Donald. Antoine Watteau. London & Ithaca, 1984: 76, 96, repro. pl. 16.
1984
Roland Michel, Marianne. Watteau. Un artiste au XVIIIe siècle. Paris and London, 1984: 152, 153, repro. fig. 135 and pl. 36.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 328, no. 436, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 435, repro.
1987
Grasselli, Margaret Morgan. "The Drawings of Antoine Watteau: stylistic development and problems of chronology." 3 vols. Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge, 1987:2:255, 257-261; 3:repro. fig. 306.
2000
Börsch-Supan, Helmut. Antoine Watteau 1684-1721. Trans. Anthea Bell. Cologne, 2000: 34-35, repro. fig. 28.
2001
Hattori, Cordélia. "De Charles de La Fosse à Antoine Watteau." Revue du Louvre 51, no. 2 (2001): 56-65, 58, repro. fig. 2.
2004
Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 260, no. 210 color repro.
2005
The Arts of France from François Ier to Napoléon Ier. A Centennial Celebration of Wildenstein's Presence in New York. Exh. cat. Wildenstein & Co., Inc., New York, 2005: 54, fig. 26, 72 (not in the exhibition).
2009
Conisbee, Philip, et al. French Paintings of the Fifteenth through the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 2009: no. 98, 466-471, color repro.