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Provenance

The sitter, Hippolyte Lavoignat [1813-1896], Paris; by inheritance to his family; Dr. Georges Viau [1855-1939], Paris, by 1908 until at least 1912;[1] probably sold to Wilhelm Hansen [1868-1936], Copenhagen.[2] Dikran Khan Kélékian [1868-1951], New York and Paris, by 1921; (his sale, American Art Association, New York, 30 January 1922, no. 50); purchased by (Ferargil Galleries, New York); by exchange to Albert E. Gallatin [1881-1952], New York;[3] on consignment 1927 with (M. Knoedler & Co., London, New York and Paris); sold 1927 to (C.W. Kraushaar Art Galleries, New York);[4] sold February 1927 to Chester Dale [1883-1962], New York; bequest 1963 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1908
Exposition Daumier, Eugène Blot, Paris, 1908, no. 20
1908
Honoré Daumier 1808-1879, Galerie Miethke, Vienna, 1908, no. 13
1912
Exposition centennale de l'art français. Saint Petersbourg, 1912, no. 241
1914
Internationale Austellung, Kunsthalle, Bremen, 1914, no. 91
1918
L'Art français du XIXe siècle, Musée de'Art et d'Histoire, Geneva, 1918, no. 50
1921
Paintings by Modern French Masters, The Brooklyn Museum, 1921, no. 63.
1928
100 Years of French Portraits from the Chester Dale Collection, Museum of French Art, New York, 1928, no. 4
1930
Corot-Daumier, Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1930, no. 79, repro.
1931
Degas and his Tradition, Museum of French Art, New York, 1931, no. 19
1937
Exhibition of French Painting, Pennsylvania Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 1937, no cat.
1965
The Chester Dale Bequest, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1965, unnumbered checklist.
Bibliography
1912
Jean, René. L'Art français à Saint-Pétersbourg: Exposition centennale. Paris, 1912: 34.
1923
Klossowski, Erich. Honoré Daumier. Munich, 1923: 123, no. 405.
1927
Fuchs, Eduard. Der Maler Daumier. New York, 1927: 46, no. 15b, pl. 15b (Munich, 1930: 46, no. 15b, pl. 15b).
1929
Dale, Maud. Before Manet to Modigliani from the Chester Dale Collection. New York, 1929: no. 3, repro., as Portrait of M. Lavoignat.
1942
French Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 25, repro., as by Daumier.
1944
French Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1944: 25, repro., as by Daumier.
1953
French Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1953: 31, repro., as by Daumier.
1954
Adhémar, Jean. Honoré Daumier. Paris, 1954: 53-54, 128, no. 151, repro.
1957
Schwartz, Heinrich. "Daumier, Gill and Nadar." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 6th ser., no. 49 (February 1957): 95-96, repro.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 323, repro., as by Daumier.
1965
Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Paintings & Sculpture of the French School in the Chester Dale Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 44, repro., as by Daumier.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 37.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 30, repro., as by Daumier.
1968
Maison, K.E. Honoré Daumier, catalogue raisonné. 2 vols. New York, 1968: I:43 n. 42, 437, no. 15, refused.
1971
Mandel, Gabriele. L'opera pittorica completa di Daumier. Milan, 1971: no. 226, repro.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 94, repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 115, repro.
2000
Eitner, Lorenz. French Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part I: Before Impressionism. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 2000: 184-188, repro.