Admission is always free Directions

Open today: 10:00 to 5:00

Inscription

lower left: M. J. Heade / 1864

Provenance

John H. Lidgerwood [d. 1956], Morristown, New Jersey;[1] (his estate sale, O. Rundle Gilbert, Morristown, New Jersey, 1956); (Victor Spark and Graham Galleries, New York); purchased 27 January 1965 by NGA.

Exhibition History
1969
In Memoriam, Ailsa Mellon Bruce, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1969, unnumbered checklist.
1971
The Beckoning Land, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 1971, 24, no. 31, repro. 67.
1980
American Light: The Luminist Movement, 1850-1875, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1980, 116, fig. 121.
Bibliography
1969
Stebbins, Theodore E., Jr. Martin Johnson Heade. Exh. cat. University of Maryland Art Gallery, College Park, 1969: n.p., as Brazilian Seascape.
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 66, repro.
1975
Stebbins, Theodore E., Jr. The Life and Works of Martin Johnson Heade. New Haven and London, 1975: 87, 228-229, no. 85, repro.
1975
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: 559, no. 851, color repro.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 172, repro.
1980
Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1980: 94-95, no. 28, color repro.
1981
Williams, William James. A Heritage of American Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1981: 121, repro. 122.
1982
Mrozek, Donald J. "The American Idea of Recreation and the Changing Role of the National Park." Conspectus of History 1 (1982): 20, fig. 5.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 549, no. 832, color repro.
1988
Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. Rev. ed. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1988: 108, no. 31, color repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 197, repro.
1996
Kelly, Franklin, with Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., Deborah Chotner, and John Davis. American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part I. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1996: 288-291, color repro.
Technical Summary

The support is a coarse, medium-weight, plain-weave fabric with double-stranded threads in the vertical direction that has been lined. A white ground was applied thinly and evenly, and over this ground the paint layers range from fairly thin and fluid (as in the rocks of the foreground) to thickly impasted (as in the foam of the breaking waves). Brushstrokes are readily visible in some areas, such as the hills on both the left and the right, and completely blended in others, such as the surface of the sea. The sky was painted with glazes of warm colors over a pale grayish green base tone; some of its luminosity has been compromised by vertical streaking along the tops of the canvas threads. There is a tear in the bottom left quadrant and scattered small losses. In 1991 discolored varnish was removed. The varnish has become yellowed.