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Provenance

Almorò Barbaro [b. 1681], Venice; by descent to Marc Antonio Barbaro [d. 1860]; his sister, Elissa Bassi; sold to (Vicenzo Favenza), by 1866; sold to an unidentified Frenchman, probably a dealer;[1] (Palazzo Barbaro sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, 9 February 1874, no. 3); Isaac, comte de Camondo [1851-1911], Paris;[2] (his sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 13 February 1893, no. 27); (Eugène Féral);[3] Baron Adolph Carl de Rothschild [1823-1900], Château de Pregny, near Geneva.[4] Dr. Joseph Kranz, Vienna, by 1902.[5] Stefan von Auspitz, Vienna, by 1931;[6] Possibly Daniel George van Beuningen [1877-1955]; (K.W. Bachstitz, The Hague);[7] purchased 1937 by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1939 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1932
An Exhibition of the Von Auspitz Collection of Old Masters by Courtesy of Herr Walter Bachstitz, Thos. Agnew & Sons, London, 1932, no. 24.
1938
Exhibition of Venetian Painting from the Fifteenth through the Eighteenth Century, California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, 1938, no. 61, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1938
Paintings, Drawings and Prints by the Two Tiepolos--Giambattista and Giandomenico, The Art Institute of Chicago, 1938, no. 23.
1938
Tiepolo and His Contemporaries, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1938, no. 15, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1938
Venetian Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection, Seattle Art Museum; Portland Art Museum, Oregon; Montgomery Art Museum, 1938, no cat.
1939
Dutch and Italian Masterpieces from the Samul H. Kress Collection, Dayton Art Institute, 1939-1940, no. cat.
1939
Masterworks of Five Centuries, Golden Gate International Exposition, San Francisco, 1939, no. 53, repro.
1940
Masterpieces of Art. European & American Paintings 1500-1900, New York World's Fair, 1940, no. 38, as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander (catalogue titled Catalogue of European & American Paintings 1500-1900, introduction and descriptions by W
1961
Exhibition of Art Treasures for America from the Samuel H. Kress Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1961-1962, no. 93A.
1996
Giambattista Tiepolo: 1696 - 1996, Museo del Settecento Veneziano - Ca'Rezzonico, Venice; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1996-1997, no. 21b, repro.
Bibliography
1845
Fontana, Gianjacopo. Venezia Monumentale: I Palazzi. Venice, 1845-1863. Reprint, edited by Lino Moretti. Venice, 1967: 172.
1902
Modern, Heinrich. Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. Eine Studie. Vienna, 1902: 52.
1907
Goering, Max. "Tiepolo." In Thieme-Becker. 37 vols. Leipzig, 1907-1950: 33(1938):148.
1909
Molmenti, Pompeo. G. B. Tiepolo. La sua vita e le sue opere. Milan, 1909: 275-276, repro.
1910
Sack, Eduard. Giambattista and Domenico Tiepolo. Ihr Leben und Ihre Werke. Hamburg, 1910: 150, fig. 137, 203.
1911
Molmenti, Pompeo. G. B. Tiepolo. Paris, 1911: 210, pl. 227.
1932
Borenius, Tancred. "The Stefan von Auspitz Collection." The Burlington Magazine 61 (1932): 288.
1938
Middeldorf, Ulrich. "Eine Tiepolo Austellung in Chicago." Pantheon 21 (1938): 146, repro.
1938
Siple, Ella. "Art In America: Three Exhibitions of Eighteenth-Century Art." The Burlington Magazine 72 (1938): 238.
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 193, no. 458, pl. XII, as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1942
Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 249, repro. 193, as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1942
Lorenzetti, Giulio. Das Jahrhundert Tiepolos. Vienna, 1942: XXVI.
1944
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 126, color repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1945
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1945 (reprinted 1947, 1949): 145, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1951
Lorenzetti, Giuliu. Mostra del Tiepolo. Exh. cat. Palazzo ai Giardini Pubblici, Venice, 1951: 85, under no. 63.
1951
Vigni, Giorgio. Tiepolo. Milan, 1951: unpaginated (listed under 1743-1750), fig. 78.
1955
Morassi, Antonio. G. B. Tiepolo. His Life and Work. London, 1955: 22.
1959
Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 248, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1961
Olsen, Harald. Italian Paintings and Sculpture in Denmark. Amsterdam, 1961: 92.
1962
Morassi, Antonio. A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings of G. B. Tiepolo. London, 1962: 67, fig. 287.
1965
Garas, Klára. "Allegorie und Geschichte in der venezianischen Malerei des 18. Jahrhunderts." Acta Historiae Artium 11 (1965): 294.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 127, as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 113, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1968
Pallucchini, Anna. L'opera completa di Giambattista Tiepolo. Milan, 1968: 114, no. 190D, repro.
1972
Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 198.
1973
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Italian Schools, XVI-XVIII Century. London, 1973: 147-148, fig. 281.
1973
Zeri, Federico, and Elizabeth Gardner. Italian Paitnings. A Catalogue of the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Venetian School. New York, 1973: 56.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 338, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1978
Levey, Michael. "Three Slight Revisions to Tiepolo Scholarship." Arte Veneta 32 (1978): 419.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1979: I:443-445, II:pl. 322, 322A, as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 345, no. 472, color repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 388, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
1987
Aikema, Bernard. "La decorazione di Palazzo Barbaro-Curtis a Venezia fino alla metà del settecento." Arte Veneta 41 (1987): 150, fig. 9.
1987
Bell, Daniel O. "Tiepolo's 'Betrothal': A Virtue in the History of Women." Arte Veneta 41 (1987): 159-162, fig. 2.
1987
Chiappini, Ileana, in article by Antonio Zanchi. "Pietro Zampetti." I pittori bergamaschi 4 (1987): 578-579.
1991
Müller, Mechtild. In Gode Krämer, ed. Die Karl und Magdalene Haberstock-Stiftung, Gemälde und Zeichnungen. Exh. cat. Städtische Kunstsammlungen, Augsburg. Munich, 1991: 60-63, under no. 17, repro.
1993
Gemin, Massimo, and Filippo Pedrocco. Giambattista Tiepolo. Venice, 1993: 408-409, no. 392, repro.
1996
De Grazia, Diane, and Eric Garberson, with Edgar Peters Bowron, Peter M. Lukehart, and Mitchell Merling. Italian Paintings of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1996: 264-272, color repro. 267.
2002
Pedrocco, Filippo. Giambattista Tiepolo. Milan, 2002: no. 212/5, repro.
Technical Summary

The support is a plain-weave, medium coarse fabric. The double ground consists of an initial red layer covered by a yellow layer, which was brushed on thickly overall and has a pebbled texture. The paint was applied in thick, heavy layers that are highly opaque and do not allow the color of the ground to show through. The broad, textured brushstrokes, applied wet-into-wet, produced a moderate to heavy impasto. The borders between different compositional elements are not blended, but are often defined by a fluid contour line. The drapery was executed with thick, heavy strokes compared to the fainting woman's thinly painted fingers, which are articulated with finely textured strokes and outlined with a liquid stroke of brown-red glaze. In some areas, such as the ornaments on her shoulder, dry paint was dragged across the surface. X-radiographs reveal that the arch behind the figures was slightly modified and the head of the crowned figure has been shifted to the right.

In 1938 the painting was relined, discolored varnish was removed, and the painting was restored by Stephen Pichetto. It was conserved most recently in 1992-1993 by Susanna P. Griswold, who removed discolored varnish and restored the painting.