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Provenance

Don José de Madrazo y Agudo, Madrid [d.1859], by 1856;[1] by inheritance to his son, Don Federigo de Madrazo y Kuntz [d. 1894], Madrid.[2] Marqués de Salamanca [1805-1866], Madrid;[3] (his sale, Paris, 3-6 June 1867, no. 155, as by Hugo van der Goes).[4] Don Pedro de Madrazo, Madrid, until 1909; (Durlacher, London), by 1909.[5] (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London and New York), September 1912. (Kleinberger, New York), May-June, 1914;[6] (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London and New York), June 1914; purchased 15 December 1936 by The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh;[7] gift 1937 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1927
Flemish and Belgian Art, 1300-1900, Royal Academy of Arts, London, no. 30, as Rogier van der Weyden.
1935
Cinq siècles d'art Bruxellois, Exposition Universelle, Brussels, 1935, no. 11, as Rogier van der Weyden.
2013
The Heritage of Rogier van der Weyden: Painting in Brussels 1450-1520, Musées royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels, 2013, no. 21.1, repro.
Bibliography
1856
Catalogo de la Galeria de Cuadros del Excmo. Sr. D. José de Madrazo. Madrid, 1856: 126, no. 519.
1907
Duverger, J. "Stock." In Thieme-Becker. 37 vols. Leipzig, 1907-1950: 32(1938):69-70.
1909
Weale, W. H. James. "The Risen Saviour Appearing to His Mother: a masterpiece by Roger de la Pasture." The Burlington Magazine 16 (December 1909): 159-160, repro.
1912
Wauters, A. J. "Roger van der Weyden." The Burlington Magazine 22 (November 1912): 82.
1917
Mather, Frank Jr. "Christ Appearing to His Mother by Rogier de la Pasture." Art in America 5 (April, 1917): 149.
1924
Friedländer, Max J. Die altniederländische Malerei 14 vols. 1924-1937. Berlin, 1924: 2:105, no. 41. (English ed., 14 vols., 1967-1976. Leiden, 1967: 2:68, no. 41, pl. 64.)
1926
Hulin de Loo, Georges. "Stockt." In Biographie National de Belgique. 29 vols. Brussels, 1926/1927: 24:col. 73.
1927
Schneider, Hans. "Die Ausstellung flämischer und belgischer Kunst in London." Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst 61 (1927/1928): 40.
1928
Vaughan, Malcolm. "Roger van der Weyden in America." International Studio 90 (July, 1928): 42-43, repro. 41.
1930
Destrée, Jules. Roger de la Pasture van der Weyden. 2 vols. Paris and Brussels, 1930: 97-98, pl. 18.
1938
Schöne, Wolfgang. Dieric Bouts und seine Schule. Berlin and Leipzig, 1938: 64, no. 15.
1941
De Tolnay, Charles. "Flemish Paintings in the National Gallery of Art." Magazine of Art 34 (April, 1941): 185-186, fig. 14.
1941
Duveen Brothers. Duveen Pictures in Public Collections of America. New York, 1941: no. 173, as Christ Appearing to His Mother by Rogier van der Weyden.
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 214, no. 45, as by Rogier van der Weyden.
1942
Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 240, repro. 42, as by Rogier van der Weyden.
1949
Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 54, repro., as by Rogier van der Weyden.
1951
Beenken, Hermann. Rogier van der Weyden. Munich, 1951: 100.
1953
Panofsky Erwin. Early Netherlandish Painting: Its Origins and Character. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1953: 1:463.
1957
Breckenridge, James. "`Et Prima Vidit': The Iconography of the Appearance of Christ to His Mother." The Art Bulletin 39, no. 1 (March 1957): 24.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 139, as by Rogier van der Weyden.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 127, repro., as by Rogier van de Weyden.
1972
Davies, Martin. Rogier van der Weyden. London, 1972: 215.
1973
Campbell, Lorne. "Studies in Early Netherlandish Art." Review of The Ghent Altarpiece and the Art of Jan van Eyck by Lotte Brand Philip and Rogier van der Weyden by Martin Davies. Apollo 98, no. 137 (July, 1973): 64.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 376, repro. 377.
1975
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: 125, fig. 120.
1981
Grosshans, Rainald. "Rogier van der Weyden. Der Marienaltar aus der Kartause Miraflores." Jahrbuch der königlich Preussischen Kunstsammlungen (Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen) 23 (1981): 77.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 125, no. 114, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 436, repro.
1986
Hand, John Oliver and Martha Wolff. Early Netherlandish Painting. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, 1986: 254-257, repro. 255.
Technical Summary

The panel is composed of four boards with vertical grain. There are extensive small losses and repaint throughout, with large areas of repaint in the foreground and in Christ's left foot. Changes exist above Christ's left hand and in the columns of the window frame at the right.