Overview

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Inscription

Marks and Labels

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Provenance

Purchased 1833 at the time of the Royal Academy of Arts (London) exhibition[1] by Hugh Andrew Johnstone Munro [1795-1865], Novar, Ross and Cromarty, Scotland; (sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 6 April 1878, no. 101); bought by (Thos. Agnew & Sons, London), for Kirkman Daniel Hodgson, Ashgrove, Kent; by descent to Robert Kirkman Hodgson, Gavelacre, Hampshire; sold 1893 to (Thos. Agnew & Sons, London); purchased the same year by Sir Charles Tennant, Bt. [1823-1906], Glen, Innerleithen, Peeblesshire, Scotland; by descent 1920 to his grandson,[2] Christopher Tennant, 2nd Baron Glenconner [b. 1899], London; sold July 1923 to (Charles Carstairs for M. Knoedler & Co., London), from whose New York branch it was purchased November 1923 by Andrew W. Mellon, Pittsburgh and Washington, D.C.; gift by 1937 to his daughter, Ailsa Mellon Bruce [1901-1969], New York; bequest 1970 to NGA.

Exhibition History

1833
Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1833, no. 8.
1894
Works by the Old Masters, and by Deceased Masters of the British School. Winter Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1894, no. 103.
1901
Works by British Artists Deceased Since 1850. Winter Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1901, no. 82.
1924
Ten Paintings from the Tennant-Glenconner Collection, M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., New York, 1924, no. 9.
2003
Turner: The Late Seascapes, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown; Manchester Art Gallery; The Burrell Collection, Glasgow, 2003-2004, unnumbered catalogue, fig. 20, repro. (shown only in Williamstown).
2007
J.M.W. Turner, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Dallas Museum of Art; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2007-2008, no. 114, repro.

Bibliography

1833
Arnold's Magazine of the Fine Arts, n.s., 1 (June 1833): 187.
1833
Athenaeum 289 (11 May 1833): 297.
1833
London Literary Gazette, no. 851, 11 May 1833: 299.
1833
The Times (London), 1 July 1833.
1862
Thornbury, Walter. The Life of J.M.W. Turner, R.A.. 2 vols. London, 1862: 2:400 (2d ed., 1877).
1865
Frost, William. Revised by Henry Reeve. A Catalogue of the Paintings ... in the Collection of the late Hugh Andrew Johnstone Munro, ... 6 Hamilton Place, London; with some additional paintings at Novar. London, 1865: no. 40.
1888
Redford, George. Art Sales. 2 vols. London, 1888, 1:270, 272.
1952
Cunningham, C.C. "Turner's Van Tromp Paintings." The Art Quarterly 15 (1952): 325-329.
1971
Dugdale, James. "Sir Charles Tennant: The Story of a Victorian Collector." The Connoisseur 178 (1971): 8, 12, repro.
1974
Bachrach, A.G.H. Turner and Rotterdam 1817-1825-1841. Deventer, n.d. [1974]: 20, repro. 21.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 356, repro., as Van Tromp's Shallop.
1975
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: no. 602. color repro.
1981
Bachrach, A.G.H. "Turner, Ruisdael and the Dutch." Turner Studies 1 (1981): 26, pl. 13.
1984
Butlin, Martin, and Evelyn Joll. The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner. 2 vols. New Haven and London, 1977. (2d. rev. ed., 1984): 1:no. 348; 2:pl. 351.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 413, no. 587, color repro., as Van Tromp's Shallop.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 407, repro.
1992
Hayes, John. British Paintings of the Sixteenth through Nineteenth Centuries. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 272-274, repro. 273.

Technical Summary

The medium-weight canvas is finely plain woven; it has been lined. The ground is light gray (warm in tone on account of brown admixtures), and is smoothly applied. There is thin dark gray brushed underdrawing in the two ships to the left of the ferryboat. The painting is executed in thick opaque layers with moderate impasto. The impasto has been flattened during lining. There is scattered retouching throughout the sky and along all the edges of the painting. The natural resin varnish has discolored yellow to a moderate degree.

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    March 1–June 1
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