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Provenance

William Sinclair, Fort William, County Antrim, Ireland; his daughter, Elizabeth Sinclair May [Mrs. Edward May], Belfast; her son, George Augustus Chichester May [1815-1892], Belfast;[1] his son, Sir Edward Sinclair May [1856-1936], Rockbeare Court, Exeter, Devon;[2] (Colnaghi and Obach, London) in 1919; (M. Knoedler & Co., New York); sold November 1919 to Andrew W. Mellon, Pittsburgh;[3] deeded 28 December 1934 to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1940 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1920
Loan Exhibition of Old Masters for the Benefit of the Bellevue Hospital Convalescent Relief Committee, M. Knoedler & Co., New York, 1920, no. 16
1932
George Washington Bicentennial Historial Loan Exhibition of Portraits of George Washington and his Associates, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 1932, no. 27
1940
Masterpieces of Art. European & American Paintings 1500-1900, New York World's Fair, 1940, no. 181, repro.
1948
Famous American Paintings, Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Texas, 1948, unnumbered
1950
From Plymouth Rock to the Armory, The Society of the Four Arts, Palm Beach, Florida, 1950, no. 17
1950
Makers of History in Washington 1800-1950 [An Exhibition Celebrating the Sesquicentennial of the Establishment of the Federal Government in Washington], National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1950, no. 1, repro.
1950
The Face of American History, Columbia Museum of Art, South Carolina, 1950, no. 15
1951
Amerikanische Malerie: Werden und Gegenwart, Rathaus Schöneberg, Berlin, 1951, no. 3
1952
[Opening exhibition], Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte, North Carolina, 1952, no. cat.
1952
Opening Exhibition of The George Thomas Hunter Gallery of Art, Chattanooga Art Association, Tennessee, 1952, unnumbered.
1959
Works of Art Lent by Southern Museums, Birmingham Museum of Art, Alabama, 1959, no. 29
1965
200th Anniversary of the Community, Reynolda House, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 1965-1966, no cat.
1973
Opening Exhibition, Paul Holden Fine Arts Building, University of Wisconsin at Superior, April 1973, no cat.
1987
The American Solution: The Origins of the United States Constitution, The Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 1987, unnumbered
Bibliography
1923
Fielding 1923, 122, no. 8.
1926
Park 1926, 849-850, no. 8, repro.
1931
Morgan & Fielding 1931, 254-255, no. 8, repro. opp. 256.
1932
Eisen 1932, 1:39-40.
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 189, no. 492, pl. XI.
1942
Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 249, repro. 9.
1949
Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 139, repro.
1960
The National Gallery of Art and Its Collections. Foreword by Perry B. Cott and notes by Otto Stelzer. National Gallery of Art, Washington (undated, 1960s): 25, repro.
1964
Mount 1964, 378.
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 106, repro.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 236, repro.
1989
Verheyen, Egon. "'The most exact representation of the Original':Remarks on Portraits of George Washington by Gilbert Stuart and Rembrandt Peale." Studies in the History of Art 20 (1989):127-139, repro.
1991
Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 67.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 350, repro.
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 206-208, repro. 207.
2004
Barratt, Carrie Rebora, and Ellen G. Miles. Gilbert Stuart. Exh. cat. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (for the National Portrait Gallery). New York, New Haven, and London, 2004: 141-142, fig. 87.
2014
Mims, Bryan. "Asheville's Fortress of Art." Our State Down Home in North Carolina (1 October 2014): 40-42, 44, repro.