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Provenance

Probably from David Hosack [1769-1835], New York, to his son, Nathaniel Pendleton Hosack [1806-1877], New York; his widow, Sophia Church Hosack [d. 1891].[1] Her niece, Mary Helen Church Gilpin;[2] by whom sold by (Stanislaus V. Henkels, Philadelphia, 15 May 1931, lot B, as by John Vanderlyn);[3] purchased by (M. Knoedler & Co., New York); sold 1 June 1931 to Andrew W. Mellon;[4] deeded 28 December 1934 to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift 1940 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1932
Exhibition of Portraits of George Washington and His Associates, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 1932, no. 88.
1937
U.S. Constitution Sesquicentennial Commission, 1937-1938.
1943
Thomas Jefferson Bicentennial Exhibition, 1743-1943, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1943, no. 22.
1947
Triennial Meeting of the Society of Cincinnati, Washington, 1947, no cat.
1948
American Heritage, Denver Art Museum, 1948, no. 7.
1949
From Colony to Nation: An Exhibition of American Painting, Silver and Architecture From 1650 to the War of 1812, Art Institute of Chicago, 1949, no. 122.
1950
From Plymouth Rock to the Armory, The Society of the Four Arts, Palm Beach, Florida, 1950, no. 20.
1950
Makers of History in Washington 1800-1950 [An Exhibition Celebrating the Sesquicentennial of the Establishment of the Federal Government in Washington], National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1950, no. 4, repro.
1950
The Face of American History, Columbia Museum of Art, South Carolina, 1950, no. 20.
1951
American Portraits From the National Gallery of Art, High Museum of Art, 1951, no. 17 (organized by the Atlanta Art Association).
1951
They Gave Us Freedom, Colonial Williamsburg and the College of William and Mary, 1951, no. 63.
1952
[Opening exhibition], Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte, North Carolina, 1952, no. cat.
1952
[Opening exhibition of new art gallery], Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, Virginia, 1952-1953, no cat.
1952
Opening Exhibition of The George Thomas Hunter Gallery of Art, Chatt585oga Art Association, Tennessee, 1952, unnumbered.
1957
Alexander Hamilton Bicentennial Exhibition, U.S. Department of Treasury, Washington, D.C., 1957-1958.
1966
Paintings by American Masters, Art Center, Kalamazoo Institute of Arts, 1966, no. 7.
1969
Art in Miniature [International Philatelic Exhibition in conjunction with San Diego's 200th Anniversary], San Diego Community Concourse; Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego, 1969, no cat.
1975
The Face of Liberty, Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth, 1975-1976, 142, pl. 38.
1987
The American Solution: The Origins of the United States Constitution, Library of Congress, Washington, 1987, no cat. [See the checklist of the exhibition, Dept. of Exhibits, Library of Congress].
Bibliography
1881
Durand, John. "John Trumbull." American Art Review 2, part 2 (1881): 230, note.
1901
Weir, John F. John Trumbull. New York, 1901: 75.
1931
Bolton, Theodore, and Harry Lorin Binsse. "Trumbull, `Historiographer' of the Revolution." The Antiquarian 17, no. 1 (July 1931): 54, repro. 18.
1932
Exhibition of Portraits of George Washington and His Associates. Exh. cat. Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 1932: no. 88.
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 199, no. 494.
1942
Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 249, repro. 10.
1943
Thomas Jefferson Bicentennial Exhibition, 1743-1943. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1943: no. 22.
1948
American Heritage. Exh. cat. Denver Art Museum, 1948: no. 7.
1948
Sizer, Theodore. "A Tentative 'Short-Title' Check List of the Works of Col. John Trumbull." Part II. Art Bulletin 30, no. 4 (December 1948): 266.
1949
From Colony to Nation: An Exhibition of American Painting, Silver and Architecture From 1650 to the War of 1812. Exh. cat. The Art Institute of Chicago, 1949: no. 122.
1949
Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 143, repro.
1950
Makers of History in Washington 1800-1950. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1950: no. 4.
1950
The Face of American History. Exh. cat. Columbia Museum of Art, South Carolina, 1950: no. 20.
1951
American Portraits From the National Gallery of Art. Exh. cat. Atlanta Art Association, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 1951: no. 17.
1951
They Gave Us Freedom. Exh. cat. Colonial Williamsburg and the College of William and Mary, 1951: no. 63.
1952
Opening Exhibition of the George Thomas Hunter Gallery of Art. Exh. cat. Chattanooga Art Association, 1952: unnumbered.
1953
Campbell, T. Moody. "A Rare Exhibit of Portraits and Prints," Alumnae Bulletin, Randolph-Macon Woman's College 46, no. 2 (February 1953): 7.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 321, repro.
1966
Paintings by American Masters. Exh. cat. Art Center, Kalamazoo Institute of Arts, 1966: no. 7.
1967
Sizer, Theodore. The Works of Colonel John Trumbull. New Haven, 1950: 29; Rev. ed. 1967: 37-38.
1970
American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 116, repro.
1975
The Face of Liberty: Founders of the United States. Exh. cat. Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth, 1975-1976: 142, pl. 38.
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 249, repro.
1991
Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 67.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 369, repro.
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 308-312, repro. 311.