Provenance

The sitter's grandson, James William Otis [1800-1869], New York;[1] his son, William Church Otis [1831-1889], Nahant, Massachusetts;[2] his son, Harrison Gray Otis [1856-1915], Nahant and Needham, Massachusetts;[3] his son William Alleyne Otis, [b. 1895], Boston.[4] His cousin Robert Helyer Thayer [1901-1984] and Virginia Pratt Thayer [Mrs. Robert Helyer Thayer, d. 1979], Washington, D.C.;[5] bequest 1980 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1854
The Washington Exhibition in aid of the New-York Gallery of the Fine Arts, at the American Art-Union Gallery, New York, 1854, no. 45.
1892
Old State-House, Boston, 1892.
1896
Loan Collection of Portraits for the benefit of the Associated Charities and the North End Union, Copley Society, Boston, 1896, no. 52.
1910
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1910-1949.
1975
American Portraits by John Singleton Copley, Hirschl & Adler Galleries, New York, 1975-1976, no. 14.
Bibliography
1854
The Washington Exhibition in aid of the New-York Gallery of the Fine Arts, at the American Art-Union Gallery, Exh. cat. New York, 1854: no. 45. [See Yarnall and Gerdts 1986, 1:828.]
1873
Perkins, Augustus Thorndike. A Sketch of the Life and a List of Some of the Works of John Singleton Copley. Boston, 1873: 91.
1892
Bowen, Clarence Winthrop. The History of the Centennial Celebration of the Inauguration of George Washington as First President of the United States. New York, 1892: 517, repro. opp. 172.
1896
Loan Collection of Portraits for the benefit of the Associated Charities and the North End Union, Exh. cat. Copley Society, Boston, 1896: no. 52.
1915
Bayley, Frank W. The Life and Works of John Singleton Copley. Boston, 1915: 190.
1924
Otis, William A. A Genealogical and Historical Memoir of the Otis Family in America. Chicago, 1924: 106, repro. 108.
1930
Bolton, Theodore and Harry Lorin Binsse. "John Singleton Copley." The Antiquarian 15 (December 1930): 118, owner erroneously listed as Robert H. Gardiner.
1938
Parker, Barbara Neville and Anne Bolling Wheeler. John Singleton Copley; American Portraits in Oil, Pastel, and Miniature with Biographical Sketches. Boston, 1938: 147-148, pl. 52.
1966
Prown, Jules David. John Singleton Copley. 2 vols. Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1966: 1:40, 45, 111, 160-161, 225, fig. 137.
1969
Morison, Samuel Eliot. Harrison Gray Otis, 1765-1848, The Urbane Federalist. Boston, 1969: 6, 22-33, repro. 26.
1975
American Portraits by John Singleton Copley. Exh. cat. Hirschl & Adler Galleries, New York, 1975-1976: no. 14.
1981
Williams 1981, 22, color repro. 1.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 148, repro.
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 30-34, repro. 31.
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