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Provenance

The sitter's son, Harrison Gray Otis [1765-1848], Boston;[1] his son, James William Otis [1800-1869], New York;[2] his widow, Martha Church Otis [d. 1888], New York; their grandson, Harrison Gray Otis [1856-1915], Nahant and Needham, Massachusetts;[3] his son, William Alleyne Otis [b. 1895], Boston;[4] purchased by Virginia Pratt Thayer [Mrs. Robert Helyer Thayer, d. 1979], Washington, D.C.[5]; bequest 1980 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1828
Exhibition of Portraits painted by the late Gilbert Stuart, Esq., Boston Athenaeum, 1828, no. 36
1828
Second Exhibition of Paintings, Boston Athenaeum, 1828, no. 214
1853
The Washington Exhibition in aid of the New-York Gallery of the Fine Arts, at the American Art-Union Gallery, New York, 1853, no. 10
1892
Old State-House, Boston, 1892
1914
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1914-1949
1928
Gilbert Stuart Memorial Exhibition, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1928, no. 49
1989
A Necessary Fence: The Senate's First Century, United States Senate, Washington, 1989, no. 19
Bibliography
1808
Journal of Samuel Alleyne Otis, 1808-1814. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston.
1879
Mason, George C. The Life and Works of Gilbert Stuart. New York, 1879: 235.
1880
"Portraits Painted by Stuart...taken from Mason's Life and Works of Gilbert Stuart." In Exhibition of Portraits Painted by Gilbert Stuart. Exh. cat. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1880: 50, no. 449.
1892
Bowen, Clarence W., ed. The History of the Centennial Celebration of the Inauguration of George Washington. New York, 1892: repro. opp. 45, 517.
1924
Otis, William A. A Genealogical and Historical Memoir of the Otis Family in America. Chicago, 1924: 106, repro. opp. 106.
1926
Park 1926, 565-566, no. 601, repro.
1968
Shipton, Clifford K., ed. Sibley's Harvard Graduates, 14: Biographical Sketches of those who attended Harvard College in the Classes 1756-1760. Boston, 1968: 471-480, repro. between 328 and 329.
1969
Morison, Samuel Eliot. Harrison Gray Otis, 1765-1848, The Urbane Federalist. Boston, 1969: 4-6, 22, repro. 25, 39-40, 53.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 354, repro.
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 253-254, color repro. 255.
2000
Kirsh, Andrea, and Rustin S. Levenson. Seeing Through Paintings: Physical Examination in Art Historical Studies. Materials and Meaning in the Fine Arts 1. New Haven, 2000: 25-26, fig. 29-30, 268 n.18.
2003
The Worlds of Jacob Eichholtz, Portrait Painter of the Early Republic. Exh. cat. Lancaster County History Society, Pennsylvania (plus two other simultaneous venues), 2003: 46, fig. 2.13, repro. 108.