Admission is always free Directions

Open today: 10:00 to 5:00

Inscription

across bottom: PENNS TREATY with the INDIANS, made 1681 with / out an Oath, and never broken. The foundation of / Religious and Civil LIBERTY, in the U.S. of AMERICA.; on treaty: PENNSYLV[ANIA]

Provenance

Recorded as from Pennsylvania. Elie Nadelman, until 1943;[1] (M. Knoedler and Co., New York); sold 1944 to Joseph Katz, New York; sold 1947 to (M. Knoedler and Co., New York); sold 1947 to Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Pokety Farms, Cambridge, Maryland; bequest 1980 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1954
American Primitive Paintings from the Colleciton of Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Part I, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1954, no. 77.
1955
American Primitive Paintings, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1955.
1957
American Primitive Paintings from the Colleciton of Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Part II, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1957, not included in cat.
1968
American Naive Paintings of the 18th and 19th Centuries: 111 Masterpieces from the Collection of E. W. and B. C. Garbisch, traveling exh. by Amer. Fed. of Arts, N.Y., 1968-1970, no. 66, color repro. First venue: Grand Palais, Paris.
1970
The New World: 1620-1970, Chrysler Museum of Art, Provincetown, Massachusetts, 1970, no. 14.
1975
Edward Hicks, a Gentle Spirit, Andrew Crispo Gallery, New York, 1975, no. 31.
1978
The American Folk Art Tradition: Paintings from the Garbisch Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1978.
1985
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art, traveling exh. by the International Exhibitions Foundation, Washington, 1985-1987, no. 34, color repro. First venue: Museum of American Folk Art, New York.
1988
La Nascita di Una Nazione: Pittori americani dalla National Gallery of Art di Washington 1730-1880, Palazzo Pepoli Campogrande, Bologna; Galleria Internazionale d'Arte Moderna di Ca'Pesaro, Venice, 1988-1989, no. 34, repro.
1993
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Art Museum of South Texas, Corpus Christi, 1993-1994.
1993
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Telfair Academy of Arts and Sciences, Savannah, Georgia, 1993.
1994
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Heckscher Museum, Huntington, New York, 1994.
1994
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Louisiana Arts and Science Center, Baton Rouge, 1994-1995.
1995
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Boise Art Museum, Idaho, 1995.
1995
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), McKissick Museum, Columbia, South Carolina, 1995.
1995
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Pensacola Museum of Art, Florida, 1995.
1995
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), St. John's Museum of Art, Wilmington, North Carolina, 1995-1996.
1996
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Harn Museum of Art, University of Florida, Gainseville, 1996-1997.
1996
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), James A. Michener Art Museum, Doylestown, Pennsylvania, 1996.
1996
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Laguna Art Museum, Laguna Beach, California, 1996.
1996
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Maier Museum of Art, Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, Virginia, 1996.
1997
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, 1997.
1998
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Florence Griswold Museum, Old Lyme, Connecticut, 1998.
2001
American Folk Art Masters, The Mennello Museum of American Folk Art, Orlando, 2001-2002, unnumbered catalogue, repro.
Bibliography
1941
Brinton, Ellen Starr. "Benjamin West's Painting of Penn's Treaty with the Indians." Bulletin of the Friends' Historical Association 30 (Autumn 1941): 99-189.
1951
Held, Julius. "Edward Hicks and the Tradition." The Art Quarterly 14 (Summer 1951): 122, 125, 133.
1952
Ford, Alice. Edward Hicks, Painter of the Peaceable Kingdom. Philadelphia, 1952: xii, 41, 43, 66, 121, 141.
1975
Parry, Ellwood. "Edward Hicks and a Quaker Iconography." Arts Magazine 49 (June 1975): 93.
1976
Ayres, James. "Edward Hicks and His Sources." Antiques 109 (February 1976): 368.
1976
Sellers, Charles Coleman. Symbols of Peace: William Penn's Treaty with the Indians. Philadelphia, 1976.
1983
Mather, Eleanore Price. Edward Hicks: His Peaceable Kingdoms and Other Paintings. Newark, Delaware, 181, cat. no. 92.
1985
Ford, Alice. Edward Hicks, His Life and Art. New York, 1985: color repro. 199.
1988
Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. Rev. ed. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1988: 88, repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 201, repro.
1992
Chotner, Deborah, with contributions by Julie Aronson, Sarah D. Cash, and Laurie Weitzenkorn. American Naive Paintings. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 189-191, repro. 190.
1998
Ford, Alice. Edward Hicks, Painter of the Peaceable Kingdom. Philadelphia, 1998: 41-43, 66, repro. 141.