Overview

No overview.

Inscription

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Marks and Labels

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Provenance

Given by the artist in 1834 to Joseph Foulke [d. 1836], Three Tuns, Pennsylvania. Thomas Foulke, Ambler, Pennsylvania, his great-grandson. (Robert Carlen, Philadelphia), by whom sold in 1949 to Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch; by bequest to NGA, 1980.

Exhibition History

1949
Hicks Centennial Exhibition, Robert Carlen Gallery, Philadelphia, 1949, no cat.
1951
American Primitive Painting, 1750-1950, Milwaukee Art Institute, 1951, no. 99.
1954
American Primitive Paintings from the Collection of Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Part I, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1954, no. 76.
1957
American Primitive Paintings from the Collection of Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Part II, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1957, not included in cat.
1959
Early American Paintings, Sokoliki Park, Moscow, 1959, no cat. known.
1961
101 Masterpieces of American Primitive Painting from the Collection of E.W. and B.C. Garbisch, traveling exh. by the Amer. Federation of Arts, New York, 1961-1964, no. 53, color repro. First venue: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, N.Y.
1965
Inaugural Exhibition, Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, Florida, 1965, no. 6.
1965
Three Centuries of American Painting, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1965, no cat.
1967
Fifty Masterpieces of American Painting from the Collection of Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Society of the Four Arts, Palm Beach, Florida, 1967, no cat.
1968
American Naive Painting of the 18th and 19th Centuries: 111 Masterpieces from the Collection of E.W. and B.C. Garbisch, traveling exh. by Amer. Fed. of Arts, N.Y., 1968-1970, no. 49, repro. First venue: Grand Palais, Paris.
1970
American Naive Painting of the 18th and 19th Centuries: Masterpieces from the Collection of E.W. and B.C. Garbisch, organized by the Amer. Fed. of Arts, N.Y., and Mainichi News., Nihobashi Mitsukoshi, Tokyo, 1970, no cat.
1971
What is American in American Art, M. Knoedler and Co. [benefit exhibition for the Museum of American Folk Art], New York, 1971, no. 28, repro.
1978
The American Folk Art Tradition: Paintings from the Garbisch Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1978.
1985
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art, Exh. cat. Traveling exh. by the International Exhibitions Foundation, Washington, 1985-1987, no. 33, color repro. First venue: Museum of American Folk Art, New York.
1988
La Nascita di Una Nazione: Pittori americani dalla National Gallery of Art di Washington 1730-1880, Palazzo Pepoli Campogrande, Bologna; Galleria Internazionale d'Arte Moderna di Ca'Pesaro, Venice, 1988-1989, no. 33, repro.
1999
The Kingdoms of Edward Hicks, The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, Williamsburg; Philadelphia Mus. of Art; Denver Art Museum; New York State Historical Assoc., Cooperstown; The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, 1999-2001, no. 35, fig. 121.

Bibliography

1934
Dresser, Louisa. "The Peaceable Kingdom." Bulletin of the Worcester Art Musuem 25 (Spring 1934): 25-30.
1950
Baker, Virgil. American Painting. New York, 1950: 286, 529-530.
1951
Bye, Arthur Edwin. "Edward Hicks." Art in America 39 (February 1951): 31-35.
1951
Held, Julius. "Edward Hicks and the Tradition." The Art Quarterly 14 (Summer 1951): 123-136.
1952
Ford, Alice. Edward Hicks, Painter of the Peaceable Kingdom. Philadelphia, 1952.
1960
Ford, Alice. Edward Hicks, 1780-1849: A Special Exhibition Devoted to His Life and Work. Exh. cat. Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, Williamsburg, Va., 1960: 9-13, 15, 19.
1970
Dasnoy, Albert. Exegese de la peinture naive. Brussels, 1970: 212, 220, 221, 225.
1970
Mather, Eleanore Price. Edward Hicks, Primitive Quaker. Wallingford, Pennsylvania, 1970: 3, 16-20, 25-33.
1973
Mather, Eleanore Price. "A Quaker Icon: The Inner Kingdom of Edward Hicks." The Art Quarterly 36 (Spring/Summer 1973): 99.
1975
Derfner, Phyllis. "Edward Hicks: Practical Primitivism and the Inner Light." Art in America 63 (September/October): 76-79.
1975
Mather, Eleanore Price. "Introduction." In Edward Hicks, A Gentle Spirit. Exh. cat. Andrew Crispo Gallery, New York, 1975: footnote 24.
1975
Parry, Ellwood. "Edward Hicks and a Quaker Iconography." Arts Magazine 49 (June 1975): 92-94.
1983
Journal of the American Medical Association 250, no. 23 (December 1983): color cover.
1983
Mather, Eleanore Price. Edward Hicks: His Peaceable Kingdoms and Other Paintings. Newark, Delaware, 1983: 127, cat. no. 33.
1985
Ford, Alice. Edward HIcks, His Life and Art. New York, 1985: 25-30, 86-87, color repro.
1988
Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. Rev. ed. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1988: 88, no. 21, color repro.
1991
Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 291, color repro.
1992
Chotner, Deborah, with contributions by Julie Aronson, Sarah D. Cash, and Laurie Weitzenkorn. American Naive Paintings. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 184-187, color repro. 185.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 201, repro.
1997
Hughes, Robert. American Visions: The Epic History of Art in America. New York, 1997: 2, 3, 38 color fig. 1.

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