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Provenance

Recorded as from New York City. Probably Charles Gardner, New York; his daughter, Sara Dorothea Gardner Schrader [d. 1935], and her husband, Hubert Schrader, Southampton, New York, until 1937. (Harry Stone, New York, by 1942)[1], by whom sold in 1946 to Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch; by bequest to NGA, 1980.

Exhibition History
1945
Harry Stone Collection of American Primitive Painting, New Art Circle, J. B. Neumann Gallery, New York, 1945, no. 8; special issue of Art Lover 1 (November/December 1945) as cat.
1949
Nine Lives: The Tale of the Cat in History and in Art, The Cooper Union Museum for the Arts of Decoration, New York, 1949, no. 118.
1951
American Primitive Painting: 1750-1950, Milwaukee Art Institute, 1951, no. 75.
1954
American Primitive Painting from the Collection of Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Part I, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1954, no. 84.
1955
American Primitive Paintings, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1955 (replaced temporarily for part of exhibition).
1955
Paintings from St. James' Collectors, Wildenstein Gallery, New York, 1955, no. 19.
1958
American Folk Art. Part of American Art. Four Exhibitions, Brussels Universal and International Exhibition, Belgium, 1958, no. 85, 45.
1961
101 Masterpieces of American Primitive Art from the Collection of E.W. and B.C. Garbisch, traveling exh. by the Amer. Federation of Arts, New York, 1961-1964, no. 63, color repro. First venue: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, N.Y.
1964
The Bird in Art, University of Arizona Art Gallery, Tucson, 1964-1965, no. 13.
1968
American Naive Painting of the 18th and 19th Centuries: 111 Masterpieces from the Collection of E.W. and B.C. Garbisch, traveling exh. by Amer. Fed. of Arts, N.Y., 1968-1970, no. 59, repro. First venue: Grand Palais, Paris.
1970
American Naive Painting of the 18th and 19th Centuries: Masterpieces from the Collection of E.W. and B.C. Garbisch, organized by the Amer. Fed. of Arts, N.Y., and Mainichi News., Nihobashi Mitsukoshi, Tokyo, 1970, no cat.
1970
The New World 1620-1970, Chrysler Art Museum, Provincetown, Massachusetts, 1970, no. 13.
1978
The American Folk Art Tradition: Paintings from the Garbisch Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1978.
1985
American Naive Paintings from the National Gallery of Art, traveling exh. by the Internaitonal Exhibitions Foundation, Washington, 1985-1987, no. 2, color repro. First venue: Musuem of American Folk Art, New York.
1988
La Nascita di Una Nazione: Pittori americani dalla National Gallery of Art di Washington 1730-1880, Palazzo Pepoli Campogrande, Bologna; Galleria Internazionale d'Arte Moderna di Ca'Pesaro, Venice, 1988-1989, no. 2, repro.
2010
American Naive Paintings from the Garbisch Collection at the National Gallery of Art, Taubman Museum of Art, Roanoke, Virginia, 2010, no cat.
Bibliography
1987
Cardinal, Roger. Primitive Painters. London, 1987: color pl. 1.
1988
Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. Rev. ed. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1988: 86, no. 20, color repro.
1991
Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 291, color repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 394, repro.
1992
Chotner, Deborah, with contributions by Julie Aronson, Sarah D. Cash, and Laurie Weitzenkorn. American Naive Paintings. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 443-445, color repro. 444.