Overview

John Beale Bordley, a close friend of Charles Willson Peale, raised the funds in 1766 to send the young artist to London, where Peale trained under Benjamin West's tutelage. In the stormy years before the American Revolution, Bordley was a Maryland planter, judge, and member of the Governor's Council. A fervent republican, he gave Peale his first major commission -- for life-size, symbolic portraits that were to be exhibited in London as declarations of colonial opposition.

The portrait addresses two political issues: America's agricultural self-sufficiency, and her fair treatment. The first of these concepts is referred to in the background, which depicts Bordley's plantation on Wye Island in the Chesapeake Bay. A peach tree and a packhorse signify America's abundance, while the grazing sheep speak for freedom from imported, British woolens. The theme of tyranny dominates the foreground. Bordley, trained as a lawyer, assumes an attitude of debate, raising his hand in a gesture of argumentation. He points to a statue of British Liberty holding the scales of justice, reminding English viewers that the colonists lived under British law and, thus, were entitled to the rights it guaranteed. That Britain had violated these rights is signified by the legal document, torn and discarded at Bordley's feet. A poisonous plant at the statue's base -- the native American jimson weed -- warns of the deadly consequences of any attack on American civil liberties.

Inscription

along top right corner of rock in right foreground: Peale / land / 70

Marks and Labels

null

Provenance

Edmund Jenings [1731-1819], London, the sitter's half-brother. L. LeRoy Highbaugh, Sr. [1889-1965], and L. LeRoy Highbaugh, Jr. [b. 1928], Louisville, Kentucky; gift of Mr. and Mrs. LeRoy Highbaugh, Jr., to The Stetson University, Deland and St. Petersburg, Florida, 1973.[1] (Kennedy Galleries, New York, 1973);[2] purchased 1974 by the Barra Foundation, Inc., Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania;[3] gift 1984 to NGA.

Exhibition History

1962
Art in Florida Public Collections, John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, Florida, 1962, as Portrait of a Lawyer by Joseph Badger.
1965
Inaugural Exhibition, Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, Florida, 1965, no. 3, as Portrait of an Unidentified Lawyer by Charles Willson Peale.
1971
Philadelphia Painting and Printing to 1776, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1971, no. 24.
1974
National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1974-1984
1982
Charles Willson Peale and His World, National Portrait Gallery, Washington; Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1982-1983, no. 5.
1996
The Peale Family: Creation of a Legacy 1770-1870, Philadelphia Museum of Art; M. H. De Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1996-1997, fig. 27 (not in checklist; shown only in Philadelphia).

Bibliography

1952
Sellers, Charles Coleman. Portraits and Miniatures by Charles Willson Peale. Philadelphia, 1952: 36-37, no. 61 (unlocated).
1962
_Art in Florida Public Collections. Exh. cat. John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, Florida, 1962: as Portrait of a Lawyer by Joseph Badger.
1965
_Inaugural Exhibition. Exh. cat. Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, Florida, 1965: no. 3, as Portrait of an Unidentified Lawyer by Charles Willson Peale.
1969
Sellers, Charles Coleman. Charles Willson Peale. New York, 1969: 81-86, fig. 22.
1969
Sellers, Charles Coleman. Charles Willson Peale With Patron and Populace. Philadelphia, 1969: 55-56, cat. SP8, fig. 2.
1969
Sellers, Charles Coleman. "The Jimson Weed Warning: Charles Willson Peale and John Beale Bordley." Pharos 7, nos. 2 and 3 (Summer-Fall 1969): 20-25, repro., cover.
1971
_Philadelphia Painting and Printing to 1776. Exh. cat. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1971: no. 24.
1983
Miller, Lillian B., et al., eds. The Selected Papers of Charles Willson Peale and His Family. 5 vols. New Haven and London, 1983-2000: 1(1983):88, 92-98, 103.
1983
Richardson, Edgar P., "Charles Willson Peale and His World," In Richardson, Hindle, and Miller 1983 (see artist's biography): 38, 40, 43, 244, 39, pl. 5, and 177-179, 280.
1985
Hart, Sidney. "A Graphic Case of Transatlantic Republicanism." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 109, no. 2 (April 1985): 203-213, fig. 2. Reprinted in Miller and Ward 1991.
1988
Wilmerding, John. American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art. Rev. ed. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1988: 64, repro.
1991
Miller, Lillian B. and David C. Ward, eds. Perspectives on Charles Willson Peale. Pittsburgh, 1991: 145-165, fig. 5.
1992
_American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 254, repro.
1992
Lawson, Karol Ann Peard. "Charles Willson Peale's John Dickinson: An American Landscape as Political Allegory." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 136, no. 4 (December 1992): 460, 462 (fig. 4), 463, 484-485.
1992
_National Gallery of Art, Washington. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 209, repro.
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 113-117, color repro. 115.

Technical Summary

null

Related Works

Related Resources

  • Event Type
    Event Name
    March 1–June 1
    Mon, Tues, and Wed at 1:00
    March 5, 2012 at 2:00
    March 7, 2012 at 4:00
    East Building, Auditorium
    Name of docent
    image:
    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum
    60 minutes
    Registration for this event begins on April 1, 2012 at noon.
    Download the program notes (100k)
  • Self-Guided Tour
    Italian Collection
    image:
    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum