lower right: HOMER / 1873; upper right, scratched into paint and then overpainted: Homer 1873
Nellie C.M. Taylor [Mrs. George H. Taylor], Boston, in 1919. (E. & A. Milch, Inc., New York); sold 1919 to Gilbert E. Rubens [1884-1960], New York; (E. & A. Milch, Inc., New York); sold 22 November 1935 to Thomas Edward Hanley [1895-1969], Bradford, Pennsylvania; by inheritance to his wife, Tullah Innes Hanley, Bradford, Pennsylvania; (E. V. Thaw & Co., New York); sold 14 August 1970 to Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon, Upperville, Virginia; gift 1985 to NGA.
- A Loan Exhibition of Winslow Homer, Wildenstein & Company, New York, 1947, no. 16.
- Loan Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings from the Hanley Collection, Wildenstein & Company, New York, 1961, no. 20.
- T. Edward Hanley Exhibition, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1962, no cat.
- Selections from the Collection of Dr. and Mrs. T. Edward Hanley, Gallery of Modern Art, New York; Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1967, repro. 17, 58.
- Selections from the Collection of Dr. and Mrs. T. Edward Hanley, Museum of the Southwest, Midland, Texas, 1967, no. 57.
- Selections from the Collection of Dr. and Mrs. T. Edward Hanley, The Denver Art Museum, Colorado, 1968, repro. 17, 58.
- Works from the Hanley Collection, The Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts, Ohio, 1968, no. 17.
- Works from the Hanley Collection, Canisius College, Buffalo, New York, 1969, no. 34.
- American 19th Century Paintings, Bernard Dannenberg Galleries, New York, 1970, no cat.
- Gifts to the Nation: Selected Acquisitions from the Collections of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1986, unnumbered checklist
- Winslow Homer in the National Gallery of Art, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 2005-2006, unnumbered brochure.
- Hendricks, Gordon. The Life and Work of Winslow Homer. New York, 1979: 94.
- Cikovsky, Nicolai, Jr. "Winslow Homer's School Time: 'A Picture Thoroughly National." In John Wilmerding, ed. Essays in Honor of Paul Mellon, Collector and Benefactor. Washington, D.C., 1986: 48, 56, repro. 52.
- Carren, Rachel Ann. "From Reality to Symbol: Images of Children in the Art of Winslow Homer." 2 vols. Ph.D. diss., University of Maryland, 1990: 1:52.
- American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 203, repro.
- Kelly, Franklin, with Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., Deborah Chotner, and John Davis. American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part I. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1996: 305-309, color repro.
- Goodrich, Lloyd, edited and expanded by Abigail Booth Gerdts. Record of Works by Winslow Homer. 4 vols. New York, 2005: 2:no. 424, repro.
- Kelly, Franklin. "A Lasting Legacy: The Completion of an Unparalleled Gift." National Gallery of Art Bulletin 51 (Fall 2014): 4, repro.
The primary support is a very fine, closely woven fabric that has been lined but has cusping along the left edge. The double-layered ground consists of an off-white layer beneath an opaque gray-colored one that is allowed to show through parts of the finished painting and forms the body color of the dress. The paint surface is composed of multiple layers applied wet-into-wet and wet-over-dry with brushes and palette knife to create a smoothly textured surface with areas of impasto. The sky was laid in two layers, the second partially obscuring an earlier signature. The painting is in very good condition, despite small areas of paint wrinkling, especially in the sky. The varnish has not discolored.