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lower left: MARK ROTHKO; center right reverse, sideways: MARK ROTHKO / Archaic Phantasy / 1945


The artist [1903-1970]; his estate; consigned 1970 to (Marlborough Gallery, Inc., New York); transferred 1977 back to the artist's estate;[1] transferred 1979 to The Mark Rothko Foundation, Inc., New York; gift 1986 to NGA.

Exhibition History
Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, 1947-1948, no. 126, as Archaic Fantasy.
Mark Rothko: Recent Paintings, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, 1947, no. 3, as Archaic Fantasy.
Mark Rothko, 1903-1970: A Retrospective, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Museum of Fine Arts, Houston; Walker Art Cednter, Minneapolis; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1978-1979, no. 35, repro. (shown only in New York).
Jung and Abstract Expressionism: The Collective Image Among Individual Voices, Hofstra Museum, Emily Lowe Gallery, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York, 1986, unnumbered catalogue, fig. 7.
Mark Rothko: Selections from the National Gallery of Art, Academy Art Museum, Easton, 2012, no catalogue.
Polcari, Steven. "Mark Rothko: Heritage, Environment, and Tradition." Smithsonian Studies in American Art, 2, no. 2 (1988): 46, repro.
Polcari, Stephen. Abstract Expressionism and the Modern Experience. Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1991: 137, repro.
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 301, repro.
Anfam, David. Mark Rothko: The Works on Canvas: Catalogue Raisonné. New Haven and London, 1998: no. 265, repro., as Archaic Fantasy.