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Inscription

upper left reverse: Rothko; across center reverse: INTERIOR / M.Rothkowitz [this inscription is over an abandoned still-life composition that dates slightly earlier than 1936]

Provenance

The artist [1903-1970]; his estate; consigned 1970 to (Marlborough Gallery, Inc., New York); transferred 1977 back to the artist's estate;[1] transferred 1979 to The Mark Rothko Foundation, Inc., New York; gift 1986 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1936
The Ten: 2nd Annual Exhibition, Montross Gallery, New York, 1936-1937, checklist no. 26.
1987
Mark Rothko 1903-1970, The Tate Gallery, London; Fundación Juan March, Madrid; Museum Ludwig, Cologne, 1987-1988, no. 1 (London and Cologne catalogues), repros. (shown only in London and Cologne).
1998
Mark Rothko, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, 1998-1999, no. 3 (NGA/WMAA cat.) and no. 2 (Paris cat.), repro.
2001
Mark Rothko - The Realist Years: Selected Works, PaceWildenstein, New York, 2001-2002, unnumbered catalogue, pl. 7.
2007
Mark Rothko, Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome; Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Munich; Hamburger Kunsthalle, 2007-2008, no. 82 (English cat.), no. 8 (German cat.), repro.
Bibliography
1983
Ashton, Dore. About Rothko. New York, 1983: fig. 1.
1987
Fuller, Peter. "London, Tate Gallery: Mark Rothko, 1903-1970." The Burlington Magazine 129 (1987): 545, repro.
1987
Packer, William. "Sensations of Light." Financial Times (1987): 21.
1987
Spurling, John. "Tragedy in Color." New Statesman 114 (1987): 22.
1988
Harris, Jonathan. "Mark Rothko and the Development of American Modernism 1938-1948." The Oxford Art Journal 11 (1988): 48, repro.
1988
Kolberg, Gerhard. "Mark Rothko: Meditationsbilder." Kolner Museums-Bulletin 1 (1988): 24, repro.
1988
Polcari, Steven. "Mark Rothko: Heritage, Environment, and Tradition." Smithsonian Studies in American Art 2, no. 2 (1988): 37, repro.
1990
Anfam, David. Abstract Expressionism. London, 1990: 46, repro.
1991
Dervaux, Isabelle. "The Ten: An Avant-Garde Group in the 1930's." Archives of American Art Journal 31/2 (1991): 18, repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 280, repro.
1997
Fuller, Peter. "Perustunteiden Maalari." Taide 28 (1997): 31, repro.
1998
Anfam, David. Mark Rothko: The Works on Canvas: Catalogue Raisonné. New Haven and London, 1998: no. 79, repro.