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Inscription

lower right: Rothko; upper center reverse: MARK ROTHKO / 193[?]

Provenance

The artist [1903-1970]; his estate; consigned 1970 to (Marlborough Gallery, Inc., New York); transferred 1977 back to the artist's estate;[1] transferred 1979 to The Mark Rothko Foundation, Inc., New York; gift 1986 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1941
The First Annual Exhibition of the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors, Riverside Museum, New York, 1941, checklist no. 116.
1978
Mark Rothko, 1903-1970: A Retrospective, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1978, no. 20.
1987
Mark Rothko 1903-1970, The Tate Gallery, London; Fundación Juan March, Madrid; Museum Ludwig, Cologne, 1987-1988, no. 4 (London catalogue), no. 3 (Cologne catalogue),as Subway, repros. (shown only in London and Cologne).
1990
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Cedar Rapids Museum of Art, 1990-1991.
1991
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn, New York, 1991.
1992
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Telfair Academy of Arts and Sciences, Savannah, 1992.
1993
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Art Musuem of South Texas, Corpus Christi, 1993.
1993
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Payne Gallery, Moravian College, Bethlehem, PA, 1993.
1993
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Salina Art Center, Kansas, 1993.
1994
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Ball State University Museum of Art, Muncie, Indiana, 1994.
1994
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Marsh Gallery, University of Richmond, Virginia, 1994.
1994
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Wallach Art Gallery, New York, NY, 1994.
1994
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), West Bend Gallery of Fine Arts, Wisconsin, 1994.
1995
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), San Diego Musuem of Art, 1995.
1995
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), University of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson, 1995.
1996
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Lore Degenstein Gallery, Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania, 1996.
1996
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Palm Springs Desert Museum, California, 1996-1997.
1996
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), St. John's Museum of Art, Wilmington, North Carolina, 1996.
1996
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), The Smart Museum of Art, The University of Chicago, 1996.
1997
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Hearst Art Gallery, Saint Mary's College of California, Moraga, 1997.
1997
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Midland Center for the Arts, Michigan, 1997.
1997
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach, California, 1997.
1997
Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings from the 1930s and 1940s (NGA National Lending Service exhibition), Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, 1997.
1998
Mark Rothko, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, 1998-1999, no. 10 (NGA/WMAA cat.), repro. (shown only in Washington and New York).
2003
Mark Rothko: A Centennial Celebration, State Museum of Art, Riga; State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, 2003-2004, unnumbered brochure.
2005
The Art of Mark Rothko: Selections from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, Museo de Arte Moderna, Mexico City; Hong Kong Museum of Art; Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, 2005-2006, brochures, no. 7, repro.
2011
Loan to display with permanent collection, Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, 2011-2012.
Bibliography
1979
Ashton, Dore. "Rothko's Passion." Art International 22 (1979): 8, repro.
1979
Cavaliere, Barbara. "Notes on Rothko." Flash Art 86/87 (1979): 32-38.
1979
Fujieda, Teruo. "Special Feature: Mark Rothko." Mizue 888 (1979): 46, repro.
1979
Schjeldahl, Peter. "Rothko and Belief." Art in America 67 (1979): 80, repro.
1983
Ashton, Dore. About Rothko. New York, 1983: 47, repro.
1983
Sandler, Irving. Mark Rothko: Paintings 1948-1969. Exh. cat. The Pace Gallery, 1983: 9, repro.
1983
Seitz, William C. Abstract Expressionist Painting in America. Rev. ed. of 1955 Ph.D. dissertation. Cambridge, Massachusetts, and London, 1983: 196, repro.
1984
Merritt, Robert. "Works on Paper Show Artist's Intimate Side." Richmond Times-Dispatch (1984): J-4, repro.
1987
Anfam, David. "Mark Rothko at the Tate Gallery." Art International 1 (1987): 96, repro.
1987
Berryman, Larry. "London: Mark Rothko 1903-1970." Arts Review 39 (1987): 449, repro.
1987
Lee, David. "Brush with Fame and Death." The Times (1987): 50, repro.
1987
Packer, William. "Sensations of Light." Financial Times (1987): 21, repro.
1987
Sewell, Brian. "A Fry's Eye View of Rothko." Evening Standard (1987): 20, repro.
1987
Stemp, Robin. "Mark Rothko at the Tate Gallery." The Artist 102 (1987): 32, 33, repro.
1988
Gross, Roland. "Ikonen und Gegenstandlichkeit." Der Tagesspiel (1988): 4, repro.
1988
Haase, Amine. "Farbe als Echo der reinen Empfindung." Kolner-Stadt-Anzeiger (1988): 37, repro.
1988
Harris, Jonathan. "Mark Rothko and the Development of American Modernism." The Oxford Art Journal 11 (1988): 40, repro.
1988
Ziermann, Horst. "Ikonen aus farbiger Glut." Kolnischer Rundschau 25 (1988): 9, repro.
1989
Chave, Anna C. Mark Rothko: Subjects in Abstraction. New Haven, 1989: 48, repro.
1990
Rexroat, Dee Ann. "National Rothko Exhibit Debuts in Cedar Rapids." Cedar Rapids Gazette (1990): 2W, repro.
1991
Patterson, Tom. "Stages: Exhibition Traces Development of Rothko's Art." Winston-Salem Journal (1991): C3, repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 288, repro.
1993
Wood, Paul. Modernism in Dispute: Art Since the Forties. New Haven, 1993: 12, repro.
1994
Against the Stream: Avery, Gottlieb, and Rothko in the 1930's. Exh. cat. Katonah Museum of Art, New York, 1994: 20, repro.
1995
Regan, Margaret. "Mark Rothko in the Making." Tucson Weekly (1995): 31.
1996
Camper, Fred. "Art: Chasing Universals." Chicago Reader (23 February 1996): 27, repro.
1996
Turner, Jane, ed. The Dictionary of Art 34 vols. New York and London, 1996: 27:220.
1997
Bonnetti. "Art." San Francisco Examiner (12 January 1997): repro.
1997
Cernuschi, Claude. "Not an Illustration but the Equivalent": A Cognitive Approach to Abstact Expressionism. Madison, 1997: 81, repro.
1997
Curtis, Cathy. "Exhibition Misses Its Mark." Los Angeles Times (1997): F1, F2.
1998
Anfam, David. Mark Rothko: The Works on Canvas: Catalogue Raisonné. New Haven and London, 1998: no. 174, repro.