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Provenance

The artist [1903-1970]; his estate; consigned 1970 to (Marlborough Gallery, Inc., New York); transferred 1977 back to the artist's estate;[1] transferred 1979 to The Mark Rothko Foundation, Inc., New York; gift 1986 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1978
Mark Rothko, 1903-1970: A Retrospective, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1978, not in cat., (not shown in New York).
1983
Mark Rothko 1949: A Year in Transition / Selections from the Mark Rothko Foundation, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, 1983-1984, no. 6, repro.
1998
Mark Rothko, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, 1998-1999, no. 44 (NGA/WMAA cat.) and no. 25 (Paris cat.), repro.
2004
Rothko : A Painter's Progress : The Year 1949, PaceWildenstein, New York, 2004, unnumbered catalogue, repro.
2007
Mark Rothko, Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome; Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Munich; Hamburger Kunsthalle, 2007-2008, no. 57 (English cat.), no. 60 (German cat.), repro.
2008
Starting from Scratch: American and European Art in the Aftermath of World War Two (1945-1950), Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, 2008-2009, no catalogue.
2010
Colorforms, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C., 2010-2011, no catalogue.
2012
Mark Rothko: The Decisive Decade, 1940-1950, Columbia Museum of Art, South Carolina; Columbus Museum of Art, Ohio; Denver Art Museum; The Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, 2012-2014, no. 43, repro.
Bibliography
1983
Art Now/California Gallery Guide. 4 (1983): CA-12, repro.
1983
Stiles, Knute. "Mark Rothko's Prototype Paintings at the San Fransisco Museum of Art." San Fransisco Sentinel (1983): 19, repro.
1990
Polcari, Stephen. "Martha Graham and Abstract Expressionism." Smithsonian Studies in American Art 4 (1990): 14, repro.
1991
Polcari, Stephen. Abstract Expressionism and the Modern Experience. Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1991: 63, repro, cover.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 316, repro.
1993
Hiromoto, Nobuyuki. Mark Rothko. Tokyo, 1993: no. 67, repro.
1996
Anfam, David, Carol Mancusi-Ungaro, and Paul Winkler. Mark Rothko: The Chapel Commission. Exh. cat. Menil Collection, Houston, 1996: 17, repro.
1998
Anfam, David. Mark Rothko: The Works on Canvas: Catalogue Raisonné. New Haven and London, 1998: no. 425, repro.
2004
Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 434-435, no. 360, color repro.
2013
Loos, Ted. “Rothko’s Journey to His Fields of Color, in Full View.” New York Times 162, no. 56,082 (March 21, 2013): F24, color repro.