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Inscription

upper right reverse: MARK ROTHKO / 1949; on upper tacking margin: TOP; on former upper crossbar member, the numeral "9" overwritten with the "8": 15 - 1948

Provenance

The artist [1903-1970]; his estate; consigned 1970 to (Marlborough Gallery, Inc., New York); transferred 1977 back to the artist's estate;[1] transferred 1979 to The Mark Rothko Foundation, Inc., New York; gift 1986 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1950
Young Painters in the U.S. and France, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, 1950, no cat.
1951
40 American Painters, 1940-1950, University Gallery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 1951, no. 62.
1951
Nebraska Art Association: 61st Annual Exhibition, University Galleries, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, 1951, no. 143.
1961
Mark Rothko: A Retrospective Exhibition, Paintings 1945-1960, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, October-November 1961, no. 8.
1961
Mark Rothko, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, November-December 1961, no. 8, repro.
1961
Mark Rothko, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, January-March 1961, unnumbered catalogue.
1962
Mark Rothko, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome, April-May 1962, no. 8.
1962
Mark Rothko, Kunsthalle Basel, 1962, no. 8.
1962
Mark Rothko, Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, 1962, no. 5.
1962
Mark Rothko, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, January 1962, no. 8.
1971
Mark Rothko, Kunsthaus Zurich; Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin; Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf; Museum Roymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, 1971-1972, no. 12, repro.
1972
Mark Rotkho, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, 1972, no. 9.
1973
A Period of Exploration: San Francisco 1945-1950, Oakland Museum, 1973, no. 67, repro.
1978
Mark Rothko, 1903-1970: A Retrospective, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1978, no. 84.
1983
Mark Rothko: Subjects, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 1983-1984, unnumbered catalogue, repro.
1987
Mark Rothko 1903-1970, The Tate Gallery, London; Fundación Juan March, Madrid; Museum Ludwig, Cologne, 1987-1988, no. 27 (London catalogue), no. 11 (Madrid catalogue), no. 23 (Cologne catalogue), repros.
1995
Mark Rothko, Kawamura Memorial Museum of Art, Chiba-ken; Marugame Genichiro-Inokuma Museum of Contemporary Art; Nagoya City Art Museum; Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, 1995-1996, no. 26, repro. (published in error as Number 17).
1998
Mark Rothko, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, 1998-1999, no. 20 (Paris cat.), repro. (shown only in Paris).
2002
The Tiger's Eye: the Art of a Magazine, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, 2002, unnumbered catalogue, repro.
2004
Rothko : A Painter's Progress : The Year 1949, PaceWildenstein, New York, 2004, unnumbered catalogue, repro.
Bibliography
1949
"New Paintings: Mark Rothko." The Tiger's Eye 9 (1949): 112, repro.
1950
Krasne, Belle. "Youth: France vs. U.S." Art Digest 25 (1 May 1950): 17.
1951
Bauer, John I.H. "American Art After 25 Years: A Richer Diversity Than Ever Before." Art Digest 26 (1951): 19, repro.
1951
"Nebraska Shows Old and New." Art Digest 25 (15 March 1951): 11, repro.
1954
Turnbull, Murray. "Notes on a New Naturalism." College Art Journal 13 (1954): 112, repro.
1958
de Kooning, Elaine. "Two Americans in Action: Franz Kline, Mark Rothko." Art News Annual 27 (1958): 96, repro.
1970
Althaus, Peter F. "Begegnungen mit Mark Rothko." Kunst Nachrichten 7 (1970): N. 10, repro.
1977
Panicelli, Ida. [Introduction] in "Mark Rothko: Mostra Didattica." Exh. cat., Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna, Palazzo Te, Mantua, 1977: 7.
1985
Albright, Thomas. Art in the San Francisco Bay Area 1945-1980. Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1985: 29, repro.
1987
Smith, Alistair. "Mark Rothko in Retrospect." The Antique Collector 58 (1987): 53, repro.
1988
Bode, Ursula. "Bilder wie offene Tore." Die Ziet (1988): 44, repro.
1989
Chave, Anna C. Mark Rothko: Subjects in Abstraction. New Haven, 1989: pl. 8, 112.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 313, repro.
1993
Thistlewood, David. American Abstract Expressionism. Liverpool, 1993: 140, repro.
1993
Zanetti, Paolo Serra. "Rothko o la tragedia di un solitario." Arte 23 (1993): 55, repro.
1997
Gibson, Edith Ann. Abstract Expressionism: Other Politics. New Haven, 1997: 21, repro.
1998
Anfam, David. Mark Rothko: The Works on Canvas: Catalogue Raisonné. New Haven and London, 1998: no. 401, repro.