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Inscription

lower right in pen and brown ink: H. Rousseau; by later hand(?), lower right in graphite: H. Rousseau

Provenance

Edmond Girard (called Coutances), 1895-1927; (Paul Rosenberg, Paris); Senator Antonia Santamarina [born c. 1880], Buenos Aires; (sale, London, Sotheby's, 3 April 1973, no. 30); Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon, Upperville, VA; gift to NGA, 1995.

Exhibition History
1923
Probably Henri Rousseau, Pierre Rosenberg, Paris, June 1923, no. 24.
1999
An Enduring Legacy: Masterpieces from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mellon, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1999-2000.
Bibliography
1923
Probably Catalogue Rosenberg, 1923.
1926
Léger, Charles. in Le Figaro. Paris, 20 November 1926.
1927
Soupault, Philippe. Henri Rousseau le Douanier. Paris, 1927: 12.
1946
Rich, Daniel Catton. in Henri Rousseau. New York, 1946: 22.
1948
Uhde, Wilhelm. in Henri Rousseau. Lausanne, 1948.
1961
Certigny, Henry. La Vérité sur le Douanier Rousseau. Paris, 1961: 156-159.
1961
Vallier, Dora. Henri Rousseau. Paris and Cologne, 1961: no. 6.
1969
Vallier, Dora. in L'Opera completa di Rousseau il Doganiere. Milan, 1969: 83.
1971
Certigny, Henry. La Vérité sur la Douanier Rousseau. addenda no. 2, Lausanne and Paris, 1971: 75-78.
1979
Vallier, Dora. Henri Rousseau. New York, 1979: 8 (repr.).
1980
Kusano, Shinpei. Ruso. Tokyo, 1980.
1982
Le Pichon, Yann. Monde du douanier Rousseau. New York, 1982.
1984
Certigny, Henry. Le Douanier Rousseau en son temps: biographie et catalogue raisonné. Tokyo: Bunkazai Kenkyujyo Co., Ltd., 1984.
1984
Le douanier Rousseau. Exh. cat. Grand Palais, Paris and tour, 1984-1985, 104 (illustrated within chronology).
1991
Stabenow, Cornelia. Henri Rousseau 1844-1910. Cologne, 1991: 8.