Inscription

lower center on table frame in dark brown paint: J. Chardin

Provenance

Catherine II, empress of Russia [1729-1796], by 1774, for the Imperial Hermitage Gallery, Saint Petersburg;[1] purchased March 1931 through (Matthiesen Gallery, Berlin; P. & D. Colnaghi & Co., London; and M. Knoedler & Co., New York) by Andrew W. Mellon [1855-1937], Pittsburgh and Washington, D.C.; deeded 1 May 1937 to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh;[2] gift 1937 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1737
Salon, Paris, 1737, unnumbered catalogue.
1979
Chardin 1699-1779, Grand Palais, Paris; Cleveland Museum of Art; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1979, no. 73, repro.
2003
The Age of Watteau, Chardin, and Fragonard: Masterpieces of French Genre Painting, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa; National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Altes Museum, Berlin, 2003-2004, no. 35, repro.
2007
Masterpieces from the World's Museums in the Hermitage: Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin's 'House of Cards' from the National Art Gallery, Washington, The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, 2007-2008, illustrated booklet.
2012
Taking Time: Chardin's "Boy building a House of Cards" and other paintings, Waddesdon Manor, Buckinghamshire, 2012, no. 4, repro.
Bibliography
1773
Imperial Hermitage Museum [probably Ernst von Münnich, ed.] "Catalogue raisonné des tableaux qui se trouvent dans les Galeries, Sallons et Cabinets du Palais Impérial de S. Pétersbourg, commencé en 1773 et continué jusqu’en 1785.” 3 vols. Manuscript, Fund 1, Opis’ VI-A, delo 85, Hermitage Archives, Saint Petersburg,1773-1783 (vols. 1-2), 1785 (vol. 3).
1774
Imperial Hermitage Museum [probably Ernst von Münnich, ed.]. Catalogue des tableaux qui se trouvent dans les Cabinets du Palais Impérial à Saint-Pétersbourg. Based on the 1773 manuscript catalogue. Saint Petersburg, 1774: no. 408.
1861
Lacroix, Paul. "Musée du Palais de l'Ermitage sous le règne de Catherine II." Revue universelle des arts 13 (1861):178, no. 408.
1863
Köhne, Baron Bernhard de. Ermitage Impérial, Catalogue de la Galérie des Tableaux. Saint Petersburg, 1863: 326, no. 1515 (2nd ed. 1871:III:57, no. 1515).
1864
Goncourt, Edmond de, and Jules de Goncourt. "Chardin." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 1st ser., vol. 16 (February 1864): 154, no. 2.
1869
"Exposition de 1737," in Collection des livrets des anciennes expositions. 43 vols. Paris, 1869:4:15
1880
Goncourt, Edmond de, and Jules de Goncourt. L'art du dix-huitième siècle. 2 vols. Paris, 1880: I:120.
1880
Ris, Le comte Clément de. "Musées du nord: Musée impérial de l'Ermitage à Saint Petersbourg." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 2nd ser., 21 (March 1880): 270.
1899
Dilke, Emilia F.S., Lady. "Chardin et ses oeuvres à Potsdam et à Stockholm." Gazette des Beaux-Arts. 3rd ser., vol. 22 (September 1899):181, 184
1899
Dilke, Emilia F.S., Lady. French Painters of the XVIIIth Century. London, 1899:114
1903
Somov, Andrei. Ermitage impérial: Catalogue de la galérie des tableaux. vols. Saint Petersbourg, 1903: 21, no. 1515
1905
Masters in Art. 10 vols. Boston, 1905:6:42, 210
1906
Foster, Joshua James. French Art from Watteau to Prud'hon. 3 vols. London, 1906: II: 81
1907
Dayot, Armand and Leandre Vaillat. L'Oeuvre de J.-B.-S. Chardin et de J.-H. Fragonard. Paris, 1907: iv, pl. 13
1907
Dayot, Armand. "Chardin." L'Art et les artistes. 5 (June 1907): repro. 122
1907
Dayot, Armand. J.-B. Siméon Chardin, avec un catalogue complete de l'oeuvre du maître par Jean Guiffrey. Paris, 1907[?]: (in catalogue) 6, 35, 91, 97.
1909
Pilon, Edmond. Chardin. Paris, 1909: 43, 95, 100, 104, repro. 96
1909
Wrangell, Baron Nicolas. Les Chefs-d'Oeuvre de la Galérie de Tableaux de l'Hermitage Impérial à St-Pétersbourg. London, 1909: repro. 230.
1911
Furst, Herbert Ernest Augustus. Chardin. London, 1911: 37, 133, repro. pl. 9
1925
Bodkin, Thomas. "Chardin in the London and Dublin National Galleries." The Burlington Magazine 47, no. 269 (August 1925):93
1929
Réau, Louis. Catalogue de l'art français dans les musées russes. Paris, 1929:20, no. 33
1932
Ridder, André de. J.B.S. Chardin. Paris, 1932: 87, repro. pl. 76
1935
Ernst, Serge. "Notes sur des tableaux français de l'Ermitage." Revue de l'art ancien et moderne. vol. 68, no. 365 (November 1935): ii, 135-136, repro. 137
1935
Réau, Louis. Histoire de la peinture française au XVIIIe siècle. 2 vols. Paris, 1935:I:47
1936
Wilenski, R.H. French Painting. Boston, 1936:135, repro. pl. 59; rev.ed. 1949:125, repro. pl. 58
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 38-39, no. 90.
1941
"World Masterpieces Lend Supreme Distinction to National Gallery of Art." The Washington Star (16 March 1941): F6.
1942
Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 241, repro. 45.
1945
Goldschmidt, Ernst. Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin. Stockholm, 1945:86-87, repro. 27 [caption incorrectly gives location as Louvre]
1949
Jourdain, Francis. Chardin. Paris, 1949: repro. 27
1949
Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 104, repro.
1952
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Great Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1952: 122, color repro.
1956
Einstein, Lewis. "Looking at French Eighteenth Century Pictures in Washington." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 6th ser., 67, no. 1048-1049 (May-June 1956): 233, repro. 231.
1957
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): 47, pl. 116.
1959
Cooke, Hereward Lester. French Paintings of the 16th-18th Centuries in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1959 (Booklet Number Four in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.): 30, color repro.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 316, repro.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 26.
1966
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:308, color repro.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture: Illustrations (Companion to the Summary Catalogue, 1965). Washington, 1968: 19, no. 90, repro.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 64, repro.
1975
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1975: 325, repro.
1978
King, Marian. Adventures in Art: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1978: 63, pl. 36.
1978
Levitine, George. Girodet-Trioson: An Iconographical Study. New York, 1978: 324, repro. 82.
1980
Fried, Michael. Absorption and Theatricality: Painting and Beholder in the Age of Diderot. Berkeley, 1980:46-53, repro. 53 fig. 31.
1983
Rosenberg, Pierre. L'opera completa di Chardin. Milan, 1983: no. 109, repro.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 323, no. 424, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 85, repro.
1986
Conisbee, Philip. Chardin. Oxford, 1986: 148-149, repro. pl. 136
1990
Fried, Michael. Courbet's Realism. Chicago, 1990:8-9, repro.
1991
Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 91, 92, color repro.
1994
Roland Michel, Marianne. Chardin. Paris, 1994:67, 201, 227, 233 n. 30, 235 n. 73, 240, 242, color repro. on cover.
1995
Edizel, Gerar. "Jean-Siméon Chardin: Seeing, Playing, Forgetting, and the Practice of Modern Imitation." Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University, 1995:175-180, 190, fig. 49.
1998
Douthwaite, Julia V. "Private Life in the Public Eye: Rousseau's Autobiography and Eighteenth-Century Painting." Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century no. 358.(1998):145, repro. fig. 506.
1998
Gilbert, Rita. Living with Art. 5th ed. New York, 1998: 441, fig. 506.
1998
Jarasse, Dominique. La peinture française au XVIIIe siècle. Paris, 1998:131-132, 137, repro. 133.
1999
Berger, Robert W. Public Access to Art in Paris: A Documentary History from the Middle Ages to 1800. University Park, Penn., 1999: 172, 173, fig. 49
1999
Zuffi, Stefano and Francesca Castria, La peinture baroque. Translated from Italian by Silvia Bonucci and Claude Sophie Mazéas. Paris, 1999: 298, color repro.
2004
Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 248-249, no. 198, color repro.
2009
Conisbee, Philip, et al. French Paintings of the Fifteenth through the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 2009: no. 13, 69-74, color repro.
2009
Odom, Anne, and Wendy R. Salmond, eds. Treasures into Tractors: The Selling of Russia's Cultural Heritage, 1918-1938. Washington, D.C., 2009:
2012
Carey, Juliet. "The House of Cards." Apollo 175, no. 597 (April 2012): 42, 46, 47, color fig. 7.
2016
Jaques, Susan. The Empress of Art: Catherine the Great and the Transformation of Russia. New York, 2016: 397, color fig.
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