Christus, Petrus
Netherlandish, active 1444 - 1475/1476
Cristus, Petrus


Petrus Christus is first mentioned in the record of those purchasing Bruges citizenship, which he acquired on 6 July 1444. He was described in the record of this transaction as a native of Baerle, which probably meant the town of Baerle-Duc on the present Belgian-Dutch border. He continued to be mentioned in Bruges documents after 1444. He and his wife were listed as new members of the Confraternity of the Dry Tree, which they joined by 1463. The last reference to him in Bruges is dated 19 March 1472. [This is an edited version of the artist's biography published in the NGA Systematic Catalogue]

Since the 1986 publication of the systematic catalogue, Maximiliaan Martens discovered in the accounts of the Confraternity of Our Lady of the Snow in Bruges that the painter's wife paid his dues for the administrative year 1475/1476 and that the confraternity paid for a portion of the cost of a funeral mass for Petrus Christus. The accounts thus establish that Christus died sometime between 2 September 1475 and 19 December 1476. [See the bibliography for this biography for the citation of the 1994 publication that first published this information and accompanying documents.]


Pächt, Otto. "Die Datierung der Brüsseler Beweinung des Petrus Christus." Belvedere 9/10 (1926): 155-166.
Panofsky, ENP 1953.
Upton, Joel M. "Petrus Christus." Ph.D. diss., Bryn Mawr College, 1972.
Schabacker, Peter H. Petrus Christus. Utrecht, 1974.
Hand, John Oliver and Martha Wolff. Early Netherlandish Painting. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1986: 41.
Ainsworth, Maryan W., with contributions by Maximiliaan Martens. Petrus Christus: Renaissance Master of Bruges. Exh. cat. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1994: 19, 209.
Campbell, Lorne. National Gallery Catalogues: The Fifteenth Century Netherlandish Schools. London, 1998: 104.

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