Molijn, Pieter
Dutch, 1595 - 1661
Molyn, Pieter , Molijn, Pieter de
 

Cut-and-paste citation text:

Arthur K. Wheelock Jr., “Pieter Molijn,” NGA Online Editions, http://purl.org/nga/collection/constituent/2451 (accessed August 29, 2014).

 

Export as PDF


Export from an object page includes entry, notes, images, and all menu items except overview and related contents.
Export from an artist page includes image if available, biography, notes, and bibliography.
Note: Exhibition history, provenance, and bibliography are subject to change as new information becomes available.

Export  

Biography

Pieter Molijn, born in London of Flemish parents, was baptized on April 6, 1595. It is not known when he left England or where and with whom he studied painting. There is no evidence to support the tradition that he was a pupil of Frans Hals (Dutch, c. 1582/1583 - 1666), although it is quite likely that he received his instruction in Haarlem.

In 1616 Molijn joined the Saint Luke’s Guild in Haarlem. Two years later he was in Rome where he left a drawing and inscription in the album amicorum of the portrait painter Wybrand de Geest: “Pieter Molijn in Rome 6 June 1618.” Although the exact year he returned to the north is unclear, in 1624 Molijn had joined a Haarlem civic guard company, and from 1630 to 1649 he also served as a prominent figure in the administration of the Saint Luke’s Guild. He held office as either hoofdman or deken in 1630, 1633, 1637, 1638, 1645, and 1649. Little else is known of his professional career, except that he seems to have remained in Haarlem until his death in 1661. His pupils included the genre painter Gerard ter Borch the Younger (Dutch, 1617 - 1681) and probably also the landscapist Allart van Everdingen (Dutch, 1621 - 1675).

During the course of Molijn’s long career, Dutch landscape painting underwent rapid and dramatic changes. Until 1625 his work was inspired by the mannerist Flemish tradition of landscape painting practiced in the Netherlands by artists such as Roelandt Savery (Dutch, 1576 - 1639). Perhaps through the inspiration of his fellow Haarlem painter Esaias van de Velde I (Dutch, c. 1590 - 1630), however, Molijn helped forge the way for a new mode of landscape during the latter half of the 1620s with compositions unified by a sweeping diagonal. These small landscape views, executed with a limited palette, anticipate the tonal style refined during the late 1630s and 1640s by Jan van Goyen (Dutch, 1596 - 1656) and Salomon van Ruysdael (Dutch, 1600/1603 - 1670). Molijn was also a talented draftsman and graphic artist.

Arthur K. Wheelock Jr.

April 24, 2014

Bibliography

1628
Ampzing, Samuel. Beschrijvinge ende lof der stad Haerlem in Holland. Haarlem, 1628: 3-12, 413.
1648
Schrevelius, Theodorus. Harlemias, ofte, De eerst stichtinghe der stad Haarlem. Reprinted in 1754. Haarlem, 1648: 389-390.
1753
Houbraken, Arnold. De Groote Schouburgh der Nederlantsche Konstschilders en Schilderessen. 3 vols. in 1. The Hague, 1753 (Reprint: Amsterdam, 1976): 3:183-184.
1870
Willigen, Adriaan van der. Les Artistes de Harlem: Notices historiques avec un précis sur la Gilde de St. Luc. Revised and enlarged ed. Haarlem and The Hague, 1870: 18, 21, 27, 225-227, 229.
1883
Granberg, Olof. Pieter de Molijn och sparen af hans konst: En konsthistorisk studie. Stockholm, 1883.
1884
Granberg, Olof. "Pieter de Molijn und seine Kunst." Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst 19: 369-377.
1966
Stechow, Wolfgang. Dutch Landscape Painting of the Seventeenth Century. National Gallery of Art Kress Foundation Studies in the History of European Art, no. 1. London, 1966: 23-28.
1987
Allen, Eva Jenney. "The Life and Art of Pieter Molyn." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 1987.
1987
Sutton, Peter C., et al. Masters of Seventeenth-Century Dutch Landscape Painting. Exh. cat. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Philadelphia Museum of Art. Boston, 1987: 374-376.
1995
Wheelock, Arthur K., Jr. Dutch Paintings of the Seventeenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 178.
2006
Biesboer, Pieter, and Neeltje Köhler, eds. Painting in Haarlem 1500-1850: the collection of the Frans Hals Museum. Translated by Jennifer Kilian and Katy Kist. Ghent, 2006: 246-249.

Works on view

Online Images

Medium

Nationality

Online Editions

Time Span

Limit to works created between:

Styles

  • Filters: