Jean Meyssens after Abraham Willers, Roelandt Savery, engraving, in Sebastiano Resta, The True Effigies of the Most Eminent Painters, and Other Famous Artists That Have Flourished in Europe (London, 1694), pl. 41, National Gallery of Art Library, David K. E. Bruce Fund
Dutch, 1576 - 1639
Cut-and-paste citation text:
Arthur K. Wheelock Jr., “Roelandt Savery,” NGA Online Editions, http://purl.org/nga/collection/constituent/5451 (accessed July 25, 2016).
Roelandt Savery was born in the Flemish city of Kortrijk (Courtrai). During the religious upheavals of the 1580s his family made their way to the northern Netherlands, finally settling in Haarlem, where his older brother Jacques (Jacob, c. 1565–1603) entered the painters’ guild in 1587. Roelandt studied with Jacques and accompanied him to Amsterdam where Jacques became a citizen in 1591. Roelandt’s early landscapes indicate that he also had contact with Hans Bol (Netherlandish, 1534 - 1593), who came to Amsterdam in 1591, and with Gillis van Coninxloo III (Flemish, 1544 - 1607), who settled there in 1595. In 1604 Roelandt traveled to Prague to work for Emperor Rudolph II, likely because the Emperor wanted him to work in the tradition of Pieter Bruegel the Elder (Flemish, c. 1525/1530 - 1569), an artist he admired and collected. Following Rudolph’s death in 1612, Roelandt continued to work for his brother, Matthias.
Roelandt was sent by Rudolph in 1606–1607 to the Tyrolean Alps to record the “marvels of nature.” By 1613 or 1614 Savery had returned to Amsterdam. He was to move one more time, however, for in 1619 he settled in Utrecht and joined its painters’ guild. The twenty years spent in Utrecht until his death proved to be very successful for the artist. In 1626, for example, the city of Utrecht paid him 700 guilders for a painting of “all the animals of the air and earth,” to be presented to the wife of the Prince of Orange, Amalia van Solms. Among Savery’s pupils were Allart van Everdingen (Dutch, 1621 - 1675), Willem van Nieuwlandt II (Dutch, 1584 - 1635/1636), and Gillis d’Hondecoeter (c. 1575–1638).
Savery’s dramatic rocky landscapes often served as the setting for religious, mythological, or allegorical scenes populated by animals and figures carefully drawn from nature. Savery also painted flower still lifes strongly influenced by the work of Jan Brueghel the Elder (Flemish, 1568 - 1625).
Arthur K. Wheelock Jr.
April 24, 2014
Houbraken, Arnold. De Groote Schouburgh der Nederlantsche Konstschilders en Schilderessen. 3 vols. in 1. The Hague, 1753 (Reprint: Amsterdam, 1976): 1:56-60.
Erasmus, Kurt Karl Wilhelm. Roelandt Savery, sein Leben und seine Werke. Halle, 1908.
Bialostocki, Jan. "Les bêtes et les humains chez Roelandt Savery." Bulletin des Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique 7 (1958): 69-92.
Spicer, Joaneath. "The Drawings of Roelant Savery." Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University, New Haven, 1979.
Segal, Sam. A Flowery Past: A survey of Dutch and Flemish flower painting from 1600 until the present. Exh. cat. Kunsthandel P. de Boer, Amsterdam; Noordbrabants Museum, 's-Hertogenbosch. Mijdrecht, 1982: 309-337.
Segal, Sam. "The Flower Pieces of Roelandt Savery." Leids Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek (1982): 309-337.
Mai, Ekkehard. Roelant Savery in Seiner Zeit (1576-1639). Exh. cat. Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Cologne; Centraal Museum, Utrecht. Cologne, 1985.
Müllenmeister, Kurt J. Roelant Savery: Kortrijk 1576–1639 Utrecht, Hofmaler Kaiser Rudolf II, in Prag: die Gemälde mit Kritischem Oeuvrekatalog. Freren, 1988.
MacLaren, Neil. The Dutch School, 1600-1900. Revised and expanded by Christopher Brown. 2 vols. National Gallery Catalogues. London, 1991: 1:411-412.
Wheelock, Arthur K., Jr. Dutch Paintings of the Seventeenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 359-360.