Andy Warhol/Digital Self-Portraits

Grade Level: 5–8

Students will be introduced to the life and art of Andy Warhol as a way of considering photography as a self-portrait medium. After viewing and discussing other artists’ photographic self-portraits, students will create their own digitally manipulated photographic self-portrait and then write a poem to describe the point of view taken in their digital work of art.

warhol

Andy Warhol
American, 1928–1987
Self-Portrait, 1986
synthetic polymer paint and silkscreen ink on canvas, 203.2 x 203.2 cm (80 x 80 in.)
National Gallery of Art, Gift of the Collectors Committee

 

NAEA Standards

1-B Students intentionally take advantage of the qualities and characteristics of art media, techniques, and processes to enhance communication of their experiences and ideas.
3-A Students integrate visual, spatial, and temporal concepts with content to communicate intended meaning in their artworks.
5-A Students compare multiple purposes for creating works of art.
5-C Students describe and compare a variety of individual responses to their own artworks and to artworks from various eras and cultures.

Curriculum connections

  • Language Arts

Materials

  • Smart Board or computer with ability to project images from slideshow
  • Student photograph
  • Computers equipped with digital-imaging software such as Adobe Photoshop (or Adobe Photoshop Elements), Corel PaintShop, or other package capable of applying color and/or special effects
  • Scanner
  • Color printer
  • Copies of the "Write an 'I Am' Poem" worksheet

Warm-Up Questions

How do you think this self-portrait was made? Why do you think he included four images of himself rather than one?

Background

Andy Warhol became fabulously famous for his 1960s pop art. He produced big, bold images of the popular, the famous, and the stuff of our consumer society. His multi-image portraits of famous people—Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley, Jacqueline Kennedy—and of common products—Campbell's soup cans, Brillo pad boxes, Coca Cola bottles—are among the most powerful icons of twentieth-century American art.

Andy Warhol was born Andrew Warhola, the son of Czechoslovakian immigrants, in 1928. He grew up poor (during the Depression) outside Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, with his parents and two brothers. As a child, Warhol (he later dropped the final "a") recalled having a few friends but also feeling "left out." He suffered briefly from a nervous disorder that caused muscle spasms and kept him isolated. He liked spending time on his own, coloring, taking snapshots with a small camera, and even making films with a movie camera given to him by his mother.

After graduating in art from Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1949, he moved to New York City, where he would have quick success as a commercial artist. He designed window displays, illustrated magazine articles, and drew record album jackets. In the 1960s, Warhol decided to abandon commercial art to focus on making serious visual art. While he hand-painted his first works, he soon developed a silk-screen process that allowed his staff of assistants to mass-produce the startling images of consumer products and brilliant movie star portraits. These works took the art world and the public by storm. In this self-portrait, he used four photographic images of himself (with his trademark “shocked” hair) and silk-screened them, off-kilter, onto a 6-foot square canvas. The result is four big heads, set in supercharged pink and yellow against a glossy, dense black background. The effect is intense and unsettling.

Guided Practice

Warhol said he was “deeply superficial” (is that possible?) and that there was absolutely nothing behind his work. Do you think his statements fit with his self-portrait? Is it superficial?

Warhol wasn’t the only artist nor the first to make unusual and thought-provoking self-portraits with photographic images. In preparation for the activity, view the slideshow below to see how two other artists—Ilse Bing and Lee Friedlander—manipulated photographs to say something about themselves. Have students identify how the following choices made by each artist express their unique self-image:

  • Setting
  • Poses
  • Costumes and/or props
  • Reflective surfaces
  • Cropping
  • Absence of the physical self
  • Presence of other people

Slideshow: Bing & Friedlander: Photographic Self-Portraits

  • Bing & Friedlander: Photographic Self-Portraits Lessons & Activities http://media.nga.gov/public/objects/1/1/9/3/4/1/119341-primary-0-740x560.jpg

    Ilse Bing
    American, born Germany, 1899–1998
    Self-Portrait with Leica, 1931
    gelatin silver print, 1985, 26.3 x 30 cm (10 3/8 x 11 13/16 in.)
    National Gallery of Art, Gift of Ilse Bing Wolff

  • Bing & Friedlander: Photographic Self-Portraits Lessons & Activities http://media.nga.gov/public/objects/1/1/9/5/2/9/119529-primary-0-740x560.jpg

    Ilse Bing
    American, born Germany, 1899–1998
    Self-Portrait in Window, 1947
    gelatin silver print, 34.1 x 25.4 cm (13 7/16 x 10 in.)
    National Gallery of Art, Gift of Ilse Bing Wolff

  • Bing & Friedlander: Photographic Self-Portraits Lessons & Activities http://media.nga.gov/public/objects/1/1/8/1/8/6/118186-primary-0-740x560.jpg

    Lee Friedlander
    American, born 1934
    Self-Portrait, 1964–1969
    gelatin silver print, 13.3 x 19.8 cm (5 1/4 x 7 13/16 in.)
    National Gallery of Art, Trellis Fund

  • Bing & Friedlander: Photographic Self-Portraits Lessons & Activities http://media.nga.gov/public/objects/1/1/8/1/8/5/118185-primary-0-740x560.jpg

    Lee Friedlander
    American, born 1934
    Self-Portrait, 1964/1969
    gelatin silver print, 15.6 x 23.7 cm (6 1/8 x 9 5/16 in.)
    National Gallery of Art, Trellis Fund

Activity

In this activity, students will start with a photo of themselves and then use imaging software to apply special effects and alterations:

  1. To make a self-portrait, first upload their photograph into the computer. Here are a couple different ways:
    If you are using a traditional photograph, you can scan it and save it as a file in the computer, or you can have the photo store where you have your film developed put your photos onto a CD.
    If you have a digital camera, you can transfer your photos directly to the computer.
  2. Once students have their photo entered into the computer, they can use digital-imaging software such as Adobe Photoshop (or Adobe Photoshop Elements), Corel PaintShop, or other package capable of applying color and/or special effects.
  3. Start with the crop tool to eliminate any areas of the photo they don't want to keep. They can also play with the size and rotation of their image.
  4. Next, have them experiment with paint tools, filters, color levels, and any other editing tools available. They could even add text and original graphics to their picture, or copy and paste multiple images of themselves.
  5. As students manipulate their digital image, have them consider what they want to communicate about themselves. What will the viewer who examines their self-portrait learn about them?
  6. Students should create two or three different variations of their picture.

Here’s an example of a student’s work of art:

ben

Benjamin Kass,
Photograph by Al Garnache

Using a digital camera and special graphics-editing effects, Ben created his self-portrait. He gave some thought to the pose he wanted when he was photographed with a digital camera

day_wolf

Wolf by Day
by Benjamin Kass

Next, Ben manipulated his digital portrait with an image-editing program (such as Adobe Photoshop). He experimented with special-effects filters until he arrived at the color scheme he wanted. Using a smudge tool, Ben created a fierce appearance. To elongate the jaw, he used an oval select tool to isolate and copy the area around the mouth.  He then pasted it to a new layer, so it could be worked on without affecting the rest of the picture. He stretched and smudged the mouth until the desired effect was achieved. Finally, he used the brush-tool to paint the eyes.

night_wolf

Wolf by Night
by Benjamin Kass

Ben continued to experiment with filters to change the color scheme. The finished product looks like a wolf-man from a 1950s horror film!

Extension

After printing out their finished self-portraits, have students compose a poem based on their digital self-portrait using the “Write an ‘I Am’ Poem” worksheet. Remind students that the thoughts expressed in their poems should be reflected in the image they created in their digital self-portraits.

Related Resources

View more of Andy Warhol’s self-portraits at The Warhol museum

Take a picture with a virtual camera and experiment with editing tools in NGAkids Photo Op (or available for free-loan on CD)

Listen to a podcast “In the Darkroom: Photographic Processes before the Digital Age” (11:46 mins.)

Contact

Questions or comments? E-mail us at classroom@nga.gov