Admission is always free Directions

Open today: 10:00 to 5:00

Exhibition

Persistence of Tradition

Introduction

Neoclassicism

Scenographic Design

Topographical Views

The New Reality

Introduction

Turin

Rome

Naples

Milan

Venice

A Different Modernism

Introduction

Precursors

Futurism

Futurism in Print

Individualists

The New Reality

reality-installation

In the 1860s, Italian art saw a rejection of tradition and a self-conscious pursuit of new directions that had that been evident elsewhere in Europe since the start of the century. In the wake of the wars of independence beginning in 1848, the country’s unification in 1861, and ensuing enthusiasm about new possibilities, subjects from mythology and antiquity were rapidly replaced by current events, episodes from recent Italian literature, scenes of daily life and, above all, nature. At the same time, as romantic exaltation of individual sensibility undermined the academy’s authority, artists put a new priority on expressing their own imagination and hand. Pure etching, which had been largely displaced during the previous century, proved an ideal vehicle for this romantic sensibility, and the technique flourished in both original works and interpretations of the era’s paintings. Within these broad developments, however, Italian art retained distinctive features; artists in each major center—Turin, Rome, Naples, and Milan—pursued quite separate goals and cultivated very different accents. The works in the room pictured are grouped according to that geography. Gifted with technical ability born of academic training, but exuberant in their release from its constraints, Italian artists of the period were prone to eccentric imagery and extravagant articulation, as in the works of Mariano Fortuny, Francesco Paolo Michetti, and Luigi Conconi. Similarly, tradition had reigned for so long, and change had come so quickly, that there arose new uncertainties. Their expression, in the mystical tone of the works of Domenico Morelli and Vittore Grubicy, qualified and in ways contradicted the new reality.

Turin

Rome

Naples

Milan

Venice