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Arthur K. Wheelock Jr., Dutch Paintings of the Seventeenth Century, NGA Online Editions, (accessed March 31, 2015).


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The emergence of the Dutch school of painting in the early seventeenth century is one of the most extraordinary phenomena in the history of the visual arts. The Netherlands had only recently become a political entity and was still suffering from the effects of a long and arduous war against Spain. Yet the small republic’s success in gaining independence from such a powerful adversary resulted in an enormous sense of self-esteem. The Dutch were proud of their achievements, proud of their land, and intent upon creating a form of government that would provide a broad and lasting foundation for the future. They expressed pride in their unique social and cultural heritage in many ways, but most famously in their rich artistic traditions.

The National Gallery of Art proudly presents its remarkable collection of Dutch seventeenth-century paintings, with entries written by curator Arthur K. Wheelock Jr. The Gallery’s Dutch collection, which numbers more than 130 paintings, includes works by many of the finest masters of the Golden Age, including Rembrandt van Rijn, Johannes Vermeer, Frans Hals, and Aelbert Cuyp. In it are outstanding examples of the portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, marine paintings, still lifes, and biblical and mythological scenes that have made this school of painting one of the most beloved and admired in the history of European art.

We invite you to explore this catalog and delve into the Dutch Golden Age through the Gallery’s paintings.


Selected Exhibitions

Elegance and Refinement: The Still-Life Paintings of Willem van Aelst
June 24 – October 14, 2012
West Building Main Floor
Judith Leyster, 1609–1660
June 21 – November 29, 2009
West Building, Main Floor, Dutch Cabinet Galleries
Jan Steen: Painter and Storyteller
April 28 – August 16, 1996
West Building, Main Floor, Galleries 72, 73, 77, 78
Deceptions and Illusions: Five Centuries of Trompe l'Oeil Painting
October 13, 2002 – March 2, 2003
East Building, Mezzanine, Northwest, and Upper Level, Northwest and West Bridge
Gabriel Metsu, 1629–1667
April 10 – July 24, 2011
East Building Ground Level
Pieter Claesz
Master of Haarlem Still Life
September 18 – December 31, 2005
West Building Main Floor
Civic Pride: Group Portraits from Amsterdam
March 10, 2012 – March 11, 2017
West Building
Pride of Place: Dutch Cityscapes of the Golden Age
February 1 – May 3, 2009
West Building, Main Floor, Galleries 72 through 77
Larger Than Life: Ter Brugghen's Saint Sebastian Tended by Irene
January 21 – May 15, 2011
West Building Main Floor
Johannes Vermeer's The Art of Painting
November 24, 1999 – February 8, 2000
West Building, Gallery 51
Johannes Vermeer
November 12, 1995 – February 11, 1996
West Building Main Floor
Aelbert Cuyp
October 7, 2001 – January 13, 2002
West Building Main Floor
Jan de Bray and the Classical Tradition
March 13 – August 14, 2005
West Building Main Floor
Frans Hals
October 1 – December 31, 1989
West Building, Main Floor, Galleries 73, 74, 75, 77, 78, 79
Pleasure and Piety: The Art of Joachim Wtewael (1566–1638)
June 28 – October 4, 2015
West Building Main Floor
Rembrandt's Religious Etchings
January 30 – May 1, 2005
West Building, Main Floor, Dutch Cabinet Galleries
Rembrandt's Late Religious Portraits
January 30 – May 1, 2005
West Building, Main Floor, Galleries 50 and 51
Gerard ter Borch
November 7, 2004 – January 30, 2005
West Building, Main Floor Galleries 74, 75, 76
Small Wonders: Dutch Still Lifes by Adriaen Coorte
June 29 – September 28, 2003
West Building, Main Floor, Gallery 74
Jan Lievens: A Dutch Master Rediscovered
October 26, 2008 – January 11, 2009
West Building, Main Floor, Galleries 57 through 63