ProvenÇal Chronology of CÉzanne: 1870–1879
- July 19
- Franco-Prussian War begins.
- Cézanne sojourns at L’Estaque in the company
of Hortense Fiquet. Zola, his wife, and his mother join
them at the beginning of the month before settling in
"During the war, I worked a great
deal from the motif at L’Estaque....I
divided my time between the landscape and the studio."
- November 18
- Cézanne, still in L’Estaque, is elected
to head the commission of the drawing school in Aix.
He does not attend its meetings, and the body is dissolved
on April 19, 1871.
- Madame Zola thinks that Cézanne
and Hortense Fiquet are "hidden
away" in Marseille. In fact, they are still in L’Estaque,
and Cézanne visits his family in Aix from time to
- Cézanne is declared a draft dodger.
- February 26
- The Treaty of Versailles brings the Franco-Prussian War
to an end.
- The owner of the house rented by Cézanne in L'Estaque,
M. Giraud, claims that the couple has left L'Estaque
for Lyon. Zola fears that his last letter, containing "certain
compromising details," has been forwarded to the Jas
de Bouffan. Cézanne's father does not know
of his son's liaison with Hortense Fiquet, but his
mother is aware of it.
- Cézanne is at the Jas de Bouffan.
- Cézanne settles for a few months in Paris.
- January 4
- Birth of Paul, the son of Cézanne and Hortense Fiquet,
in Paris. Cézanne asks
a friend to deliver
a letter to his mother that probably conveyed this news.
- August–entire year of 1873
- Cézanne paints alongside Camille
Pissarro in Pontoise (a village northwest of Paris) and also in nearby Auvers,
where he has settled with his wife and infant son.
- early in the year
- Cézanne leaves Auvers for Paris. He asks his father
to increase his allowance to 200 francs per month. Should
request be granted, he will consider
returning to Aix, where he would
derive "much pleasure from working
in the Midi, which offers so many views suitable for
- late May
- Cézanne returns to Aix, where he
remains through the summer.
- Cézanne returns to Paris.
- Cézanne is in Aix.
- June–late July
- Cézanne is in L'Estaque, where he works on
marines for Victor Chocquet. He would like to remain there
long enough to complete some large canvases. He plans to
return to Paris toward the end of July.
- Cézanne is in Paris since at least September of the
- March 23
- Cézanne is in the Midi: Aix, L'Estaque, and
Marseille, where Hortense is living with their son. Intercepting
a letter from Chocquet, Cézanne's father learns
of the existence of Hortense and young Paul. He threatens
to cut off Cézanne's allowance.
- April 4
- He asks Zola to send 60 francs to Hortense Fiquet,
Marseille, as the 100-franc allowance paid by his father
is insufficient to support both his own and his son's
needs. He continues to lead a double life divided between
Aix and Marseille.
- around July 8
- Cézanne settles in L'Estaque.
- August 27
- He looks for inexpensive lodgings in Marseille so that
he can spend the winter there.
- September 14
- Cézanne's father, still opening his son's
mail, reads a letter from Hortense
Fiquet's father addressed to "Madame Cézanne" at
his son's address in Paris and forwarded by the concierge
to the Jas de Bouffan. Contrary to
expectation, he does not discontinue the allowance and
even gives Cézanne an extra 300 francs. Cézanne
and his mother sojourn in L'Estaque.
- around September 16
- Cézanne's mother leaves L'Estaque
for Aix, where the artist's parents rent an apartment.
Cézanne works in L'Estaque, returning each
night to Marseille.
- early November
- Hortense Fiquet goes to Paris. Cézanne, still
in L'Estaque, asks Zola to send
her 100 francs.
- December 15
- Hortense Fiquet, who "had a little adventure in Paris," returns
to Marseille. Cézanne, weary of conflict with his
father, envisions leaving the Midi
to find some tranquility.
- second half of February
- He leaves L'Estaque for Paris by way
- Cézanne settles and works alternately in Paris and the nearby village, Melun.
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