ProvenÇal Chronology of CÉzanne: 1880–1889
- April 1
- He departs Melun and in
Paris. In August he visits Zola in Médan, a village
to the west of Paris.
- February 26
- The painter's sister Rose Cézanne marries a lawyer,
Paul-Antoine-Maximin [Maxime] Conil, in Aix-en-Provence.
The wedding ceremony takes place in the church of Sainte-Marie-Madeleine
on 27 February. Cézanne attends and signs the register.
- May 5
- Cézanne settles in Pontoise with Hortense and
Paul. He often
sees Pissarro and walks from Pontoise to Médan.
- Cézanne goes to Auvers. Visits Paris
in late July.
- October 24 or 25
- He spends a week in Médan with Zola before leaving
- Cézanne's father has a new roof of
industrial tiles installed on the manor house at the
Jas de Bouffan. He uses the opportunity to have a studio
built for his son.
- second half of January
- Pierre-Auguste Renoir, returning
from Italy, disembarks in Marseille.
He spends several days in L'Estaque, where he visits
Cézanne. The two
artists work together.
- early March
- Cézanne returns to Paris.
- He spends several weeks with Zola
in Médan before going to Aix in early October.
- November 14
- Cézanne is at the Jas de Bouffan.
He sees few people in town but visits his teacher Gibert.
- late November
- He decides to draft a will leaving his annuity income
and property to his mother and his son, "for
if I were to die in the near future, my sisters would
be my heirs, and I think my mother would be cut out,
and my little boy (having been acknowledged when I
registered him) would, I think,
still be entitled to half my estate, but perhaps not
without contest." He asks Zola to keep a duplicate
of any holographic will he should draft.
- He is in L'Estaque, where he has
rented a small house and garden. Cézanne and his
a notary in Marseille, with whom they draft a will naming
her his universal heir.
- Cézanne again sojourns in L'Estaque until
February 22, 1884.
- December 17
- Monet and Renoir, traveling along
the Mediterranean coast from Marseille to Genoa, visit
Cézanne at the end of the month.
- February 23
- Cézanne goes
to Aix to see Valabrègue.
- November 27
- Cézanne is still in Aix. He thanks
Zola for sending two new books.
- Cézanne is again in L'Estaque. He
suffers from severe headaches.
- June 14
- Back from Aix, he spends an evening
at Zola's house in Paris, settling the
following day in La Roche-Guyon, in Renoir's rooms
on the Grande-Rue.
- Cézanne is in Aix. From there he
goes each day to Gardanne, a village seven miles away,
returning to the
Jas de Bouffan each night. He is going through a difficult
period: The most complete isolation. The brothel in town,
or something like, but nothing more. I pay, the word is
ugly, but I need repose, and at that price I ought to
get it....If only I had an indifferent family, everything
would have been for the best.
- In the Gardanne census Cézanne is listed as a
person of independent means, along with Hortense
and Paul. His son attends
the village school.
- Cézanne ends his lifelong friendship with Zola
when a character in the
latter's novel L'Œuvre, published in March
1886, appears to be based on the painter.
- April 28
- Cézanne, marries Hortense
Fiquet at the Hôtel de Ville in Aix-en-Provence. By
this act, he recognizes and legitimizes their son. There
is no marriage contract. Cézanne's brother-in-law
Maxime Conil is one
of the witnesses. The artist's parents attend the
marriage. A church ceremony takes place the next day
in the presence of Maxime Conil and the painter's
sister Marie Cézanne, as well as two
other witnesses who sign the register.
- October 23
- Death of the artist's father at the Jas
de Bouffan. He is buried the next day.
- December 2
- Rose Conil acquires Montbriand, an estate south of the
Jas de Bouffan
- December 17
- The will of Louis-Auguste Cézanne
is read. His three children are heirs. Paul Cézanne
is described as "without profession." The estate
furniture valued at 174 francs, 220 shares in the Paris–Lyon–Mediterranean
railway line, worth 85,222.50 francs, thirteen bonds
from the city
of Aix worth 6,630 francs, and
the Jas de Bouffan property, valued at 62,500 francs.
- Renoir stays at the Jas de Bouffan
but soon leaves "because of the black avarice that
reigns in the household."
- Van Gogh, living in Arles, in western Provence, mentions having seen some
Cézanne. They stick in his mind, and some time later
he adds: "Involuntarily the Cézannes I saw
come back into
my memory, because he has so captured—the
harsh side of Provence." Van Gogh admires the coloristic
precision in Cézanne's canvases, which he thinks
the result of Cézanne's intimate familiarity
with his native region. He also suggests that, if Cézanne's
touch sometimes seems awkward, this is because of the
mistral, which makes his canvases shake as he paints on
- Cézanne stays in Hattenville
(Normandy) with Chocquet. He
then returns to Paris.
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