ProvenÇal Chronology of CÉzanne: 1890-1899
- The painter stays with Hortense
and their son. In early August
he goes to Switzerland, where Hortense and young Paul
have already spent
ten days near the Swiss border. The family
sojourn there lasts five months. They go successively
to Neuchâtel, Bern, Fribourg, Vevey,
Lausanne, and Geneva. According to Paul Alexis, Cézanne
is very unhappy about the trip.
- Back in France, Hortense returns to Paris, while Cézanne
settles in Aix. The artist
has begun to suffer from diabetes, which makes him extremely
- February 12
- Cézanne reduces the allowance to his wife and
son so they will return to Aix. He sets them up in
an apartment, while he resides with his mother and
sister Marie at the Jas de Bouffan. Hortense is on
bad terms with her in-laws. Cézanne becomes a devout
- late summer?
- Cézanne moves to a Paris apartment. During the
month of September he works in outside of Paris in
the town of Melun and also stays in Giverny.
- April 4–June
- Cézanne is back in Paris.
- late June
- Cézanne departs for Aix, where he
visits his mother, now old and infirm and living alone.
- November 8
- Cézanne and several friends make an excursion
They have lunch
in Saint-Marc and dine in Le Tholonet in the evening.
That same autumn
Cézanne climbs Montagne Sainte-Victoire.
- Cézanne takes part in the first exhibition organized
by an arts society in Aix, the Société des
Amis des Arts d’Aix,
showing two landscapes: The Arc Valley (landscape) (now
known as Montagne Sainte-Victoire with
Large Pine) and Landscape (study). Louis Gautier’s
quatrain accompanies an illustration of The Arc Valley:
|"Through the branches of giant pines
The blue profile of Mont Sainte-Victoire;
If nature were as the painter thinks
This summary painting would secure his glory"
les rameaux des pins géants on voit
Se profiler en bleu le Mont Ste-Victoire;
Si la nature était ce que la peintre croit
Ce sommaire tableau suffirait pour sa gloire).
- According to Pissarro, Doctor Aguiar—one
of his friends who also knows Cézanne—thinks
Cézanne is ill.
- March or April
- Beginning of Cézanne’s relations
with Joachim Gasquet, the son of his childhood friend
Henri Gasquet. The painter, who cherishes peace and quiet,
tries to minimize human contact.
- Ambroise Vollard visits Cézanne in Aix. This
is the first meeting between the painter and the dealer,
who previously had worked through the artist’s son.
Vollard lists the prints and photographs he saw on
the walls of Cézanne’s
studio, including The Arcadian Shepherds by Poussin,
by Delacroix, A Burial at Ornans by Courbet,
by Rubens. During his stay Vollard buys paintings
the painter had given to residents of Aix.
- early June
- Cézanne takes a room in Vichy (in southeast France), where he remains for a month.
- He rents a cottage in Le Tholonet, which he retains
until the fall, working on landscapes and depictions
of the Bibémus quarry. A friend who sees Cézanne
rather frequently conveys news about him to Zola: "He
rented a cabin at the quarry near the dam and he spends
the bulk of his time there."
- October 25
- Death of the painter’s mother at age eighty-three.
- January 13
- Back in Paris, Cézanne rents a studio,
which he retains until 1899.
- September 18
- The Jas de Bouffan is sold by Maître Mouravit,
the Cézanne family notary. In the fall Cézanne
returns to Aix to
remove his personal effects and painting materials from
the Jas de Bouffan. He moves to the second floor of a
house on the rue Boulegon in Aix, where he has a studio
built under the eaves. Cézanne
lives alone on the rue Boulegon with his housekeeper,
but Hortense and young Paul also
give this venue as their address in the 1906 census.
His offer to purchase the Château Noir, where he
rents a room, is rejected.
«1880–1889 | 1900–1906»